Walden: Visitors

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Walden: Visitors

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  • Princeton_Ed: Princeton Ed. of Walden
  • Version_A: Walden, Version A (1847)
  • Version_B: Walden, Version B (1849)
  • Version_C: Walden, Version C (1849)
  • Version_D: Walden, Version D (1852)
  • Version_E: Walden, Version E (late 1852 - 1853)
  • Version_F: Walden, Version F (1853-1854)
  • Version_G: Walden, Version G (1854)

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Visitors n
Note: The title “Society" appears in pencil at the top of the leaf containing Visitors 1. (R. Clapper)
1
Visitors 1 written: A rewritten: B, D
A & B: Visitors 1 precedes Solitude 12a.

(Ronald Clapper)
Yet I think Yet I think Yet I think Yet I think I THINK I THINK I THINK I THINK that I love society as much as most, and am apt apt ready ready ready ready ready ready enough to fasten myself like a bloodsucker for the time to any full-blooded man that comes in my way. I am naturally no hermit, but should probably should probably might possibly might possibly might possibly might possibly might possibly might possibly sit out the sturdiest frequenter of the bar-room, if my business called me that way.
 
What do we ask?
 
Some worthy task;
 
Never to run
 
Till that be done,
 
That never done
 
Under the sun.
 
By might & main
 
Health and strength gain,
 
So to give nerve
 
To our slenderness,
 
Yet some mighty pain
 
We would sustain,
 
So to preserve
 
Our tenderness.
 
Strength like the rock
 
To withstand every shock,
 
Yet not be deceived,
 
Of suffering bereaved—
 
Occasion to gain
 
To shed human tears,
 
And to entertain
 
Still demonic fears.
 
Not once for all
 
Forever blest.
 
Still to be cheered
 
Out of the west,
 
Not from our heart
 
To banish all sighs,
 
Still be encouraged
 
By the sun-rise—
 
For earthly pleasures,
 
Celestial pains—
 
Heavenly losses,
 
For earthly gains.
 
Must we still eat
 
The bread we have spurned?
 
Must we rekindle
 
The faggots we’ve burned?
that way that way in that direction thither thither thither thither
.
2
Visitors 2 written: A rewritten: B
A & B: Visitors 2-6 is preceded by Visitors 7-13.
A: [The following passage precedes Visitors 2.] Sometimes there would come half a dozen railroad men to my house at once—healthy and sturdy working men, descended from sound bodies of men, and still transmitting arms & legs & bowels from remote generations to posterity. They had a rude wisdom and courtesy which I love. downward from remote days to more remote. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal and a courtesy which I love thanks to their dear-bought experience. I met them so often in the woods—that they began to look upon me at last as one of their kin. One a handsome younger man a sailor-like—Greek-like man—says to me to-day—“Sir, I like your notions—I think I shall live so myself. Only I should like wilder country, where there is was more game. I have been among the Indians near Apallachicola. I have lived with them. I like your kind of life. Good-day, I wish you success and happiness." They came in troops on Sundays in clean shirts, with washed hands & faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. There appeared in some of these men even at a distance, a genuine magnanimity equal to Greek or Roman, of unexplored and uncontaminated descent—The expression of their grimmed & sunburnt features made me think of Epaminondas of Socrates & Cato. The most famous philosophers & poets seem in some respects infantile beside the easy and successful life of natural men. These faces—homely—hard and scarred like the rocks, but human & wise—embracing Copt, and Mussulman and all tribes & nations. One is a pacha or Sultan—Selim—or Mustapha or Mahmoud in disguise. Circumstances and employment may conceal for a season but they do not essentially alter the finer qualities of our nature. I observe among these men when I meet them on the road an ineradicable refinement & delicacy—as old as the sun & moon.—A fineness which is commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only. There is no more real rudeness in laborers & washer women—than in gentlemen and ladies. Under some ancient wrinkled, almost forlorn visage of an Indian chieftain slumbers all that was ever writ or spoken of man. You can tell a nobleman’s head though he may be shovelling gravel beneath it six rods off in the midst of a gang with a bandana handkerchief tied about it. Such as are to succeed the worthies of history. Their humble occupation which allows them to take no airs upon themselves seems their least disadvantage—Civilization seems to make bright only the superficial film of the eye. Most men are wrecked upon their consciousness.
B: (preceded by two leaves, #99-101, from A that were taken into B and renumbered, #117-119) men, descended from sound bodies, and still transmitting arms and legs and bowels downward from remote days to more remote. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal and a courtesy which I love, thanks to their dear-bought experience. I met them so often in the woods that they began to look upon me at last as one of their kin. One a handsome younger man, a sailor-like Greek-like man, says to me to-day—“Sir, I like your notions, I think I shall live so myself. Only I should like a wilder country where there is more game. I have been among the Indians near Apallachicola. I have lived with them. I like your kind of life. Good-day. I wish you success and happiness." They came in troops on Sundays, in clean shirts with washed hands & faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. Circumstances and employment affect but slowly the finer qualities of our nature. I observe observed in some of these men an inextinguishable and ineradicable refinement and delicacy of nature, older and of more worth than the sun & moon, which are commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only. Sometimes a genuine magnanimity more than Greek or Roman —equal to the least occasion, of unexplored and uncontaminated descent. Greater traits I seem to observe in them methought I noticed in the shortest intercourse, than are recorded of Epaminondas Socrates or Cato, With any of these worthies. They had faces homely, hard and seared like the rocks, but human and wise, embracing Copt and Mussulman, all races & nations. One is a pacha or Sultan—Selim—Mustapha or Mahmoud in disguise. There is no more real rudeness in laborers or washerwomen than in gentlemen & ladies. Under some ancient and wrinkled, almost forlorn visage, as of an Indian chieftan slumbers slumbered the world famous humanities qualities of man. There is the race, and you need look no further. You can tell a nobleman’s head among a thousand—though he may be shovelling gravel six rods off in the midst of a gang with cotton handkerchief tied about it. Such a one as is to succeed the worthies of history. Their humble occupation and that they take no airs upon themselves, are no disadvantage. Civilization makes bright only the superficial film of the eye. Most men are wrecked upon their consciences consciousness. A farmer who lived near the skirts of the wood would pay me a visit, and we took a sober view or even review of the state of the world, & many times we felt that it was good for us to have come together. We consumed many hours endeavoring to crack those old & now dry nuts on which so many philosophers & sour sectarians have left the marks of their teeth, but for the most part we got only the flavor of their shells. Those which are hardest to crack contain no meat & wise squirrels do not meddle with them
E: This passage follows Visitors 14b.

(Ronald Clapper)
I had three chairs in my house; one for solitude, two for friendship, three for society. When visitors came in larger and unexpected numbers there was but the third chair for them all, but they generally economized the room by standing up. It is surprising how many great men and women a small house will contain. I have had twenty-five or thirty souls, and with their with their with their with their with their with their with their with their bodies, at once under my roof, and yet we often parted without being aware that we had come very near to one other another another another another another another another . Our houses generally with their huge halls & garretts & cellars, seem to me extravagantly large for their inhabitants. One would certainly be somewhat astonished, if when the herald blew his summons before the Middle-sex House he should see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse Many of our houses with their innumerable apartments, their huge halls & cellars for the storage of wines & other munitions of peace, seem to me extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast & grim—that the latter appear to be only vermin that infest them. I am frequently astonished when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middle-sex House to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon as it appears slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses both public and private, with their innumerable apartments, their huge halls & cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, seem appear to me extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter appear seem to be only vermin that infest them. I am frequently astonished when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the doorstep Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement .
3
Visitors 3 written: A rewritten: B, E
E: A fair copy was made of only “thoughts to get into sailing trim … we gradually shoved our chairs”.

(Ronald Clapper)
One inconvenience however inconvenience however inconvenience inconvenience inconvenience inconvenience inconvenience inconvenience I sometimes experienced in so small a house, the difficulty of getting to a sufficient distance from my guest when we began to utter the big thoughts in big words. You want room for your thoughts to get into sailing trim and run a course or two before they make their port. The bullet of your thought must have overcome its lateral and ricochet motion and fallen into its last and steady course before it falls into falls into reaches reaches reaches reaches reaches reaches reaches the ear of the hearer, else it may plough out again again again again again again again again through the side of his head. Also, Also, Also, our sentences wanted room to unfold and form their columns in the interval. We need a considerable neutral ground—though it be a disputed territory, for individuals like nations must have suitable broad and natural boundaries even a considerable neutral ground—though it be a disputed territory between them.—The reason why the Kilkenny cats quarrelled and ate each other all up but the tails in that hollow sphere, certainly is that there was not room in that small space for their several spheres to revolve Individuals like nations must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, though it be a disputed territory, between them Individuals like nations must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, though it be a disputed territory, between them Individuals like nations must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, though it be a disputed territory, between them Individuals like nations must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, though it be a disputed territory, between them Individuals, like nations, must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, between them Individuals, like nations, must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, between them Individuals, like nations, must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, between them . I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. or did you ever talk to the sexton across an empty meeting house after the audience had gone? It is easy to be eloquent at such a time In or did you ever talk to the sexton across an empty meeting house after the audience had gone were gone out? It is easy to be eloquent at such a time. In or did you ever talk to the sexton across an empty meeting house after the audience had gone were gone out? It is easy to be eloquent at such a time. In or did you ever talk to the sexton across an empty meeting house after the audience had gone were gone out? It is easy to be eloquent at such a time. In and did you ever talk to the sexton across an empty meeting-house after the audience were gone out? It is easy to be eloquent at such a time and in such a place. In In In In my house we were so near that we could not begin to begin to begin to begin to begin to begin to begin to begin to hear,— and or we could not and we could not and we could not and we could not and we could not nor could we we could not we could not we could not we could not speak low enough to be heard; as when you throw two stones into calm water but so so so so so so so so near that they break each other’s undulations. If we are very very very very very merely merely merely merely loquacious and loud talkers, then indeed then indeed then indeed then indeed then indeed then then then we can afford to stand very near together, cheek by jowl, and shoulder to shoulder shoulder to shoulder, and cheek by jowl, and shoulder to shoulder shoulder to shoulder, and cheek by jowl, and shoulder to shoulder shoulder to shoulder, and cheek by jowl, and shoulder to shoulder shoulder to shoulder, and cheek by jowl cheek by jowl, cheek by jowl, cheek by jowl, and feel each other’s breath; and feel each other’s breath; and feel each other’s breath; and feel each other’s breath; but if we speak reservedly and thoughtfully, we want to be farther apart, But if we would be silent we must commonly be so far apart that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voices in any case & that is what we commonly mean by solitude But Indeed if we would be silent & yet enjoy the most intimate society we must commonly be so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voices in any case, and though this is what men commonly mean by call solitude But Indeed if we would be silent & yet enjoy the most intimate society we must commonly be so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voices in any case, and though this is what men commonly mean by call solitude But Indeed if we would be silent & yet enjoy the most intimate society we must commonly be so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voices in any case, and though this is what men commonly mean by call solitude If we would be silent, and enjoy the most intimate society, we must be that all animal heat and moisture may have a chance to evaporate. If we would enjoy the most intimate society with that in each of us which is without or above being spoken to, we must not only be silent but commonly so far apart bodily, that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voices in any case, though this is what men commonly call solitude. Referred to this standard speech is for the convenience of those who are hard of hearing but there are many fine things which we cannot say if we have to shout that all animal heat and moisture may have a chance to evaporate. If we would enjoy the most intimate society with that in each of us which is without, or above, being spoken to, we must not only be silent, but commonly so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voice in any case. Referred to this standard, speech is for the convenience of those who are hard of hearing; but there are many fine things which we cannot say if we have to shout that all animal heat and moisture may have a chance to evaporate. If we would enjoy the most intimate society with that in each of us which is without, or above, being spoken to, we must not only be silent, but commonly so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voice in any case. Referred to this standard, speech is for the convenience of those who are hard of hearing; but there are many fine things which we cannot say if we have to shout that all animal heat and moisture may have a chance to evaporate. If we would enjoy the most intimate society with that in each of us which is without, or above, being spoken to, we must not only be silent, but commonly so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voice in any case. Referred to this standard, speech is for the convenience of those who are hard of hearing; but there are many fine things which we cannot say if we have to shout . As the conversation began to assume a loftier and grander tone& this was always the case when it was successful tone tone tone tone tone tone tone , we gradually shoved our chairs farther apart till they touched the wall in opposite corners, and then sometimes sometimes commonly commonly commonly commonly commonly commonly there was not room enough. If you do not want the fire to smoke you must not stand too near it, so as to divert the current of the chimney’s inspiration enough. If you do not want the fire to smoke you must not stand too near it, so as to divert the current of the chimney’s inspiration enough enough enough enough enough enough .
4
Visitors 4 written: A rewritten: B

(Ronald Clapper)
My “best" room, however, however, however, however, however, however, however, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, always ready for company, on whose carpet the sun rarely fell, for its green blinds were kept always closed fell, for its green blinds were kept always closed fell fell fell fell fell fell , was the pine wood behind my house. There when distinguished guests came in summer days There in summer days when distinguished guests came in summer days Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, I took them, and Nature was my domestic that Nature was my domestic that a priceless domestic a priceless domestic a priceless domestic a priceless domestic a priceless domestic a priceless domestic swept the floor and dusted the furniture and kept the things in order.
5
Visitors 5 written: A rewritten: B
A: “You need not rest your reputation … never revisit those scenes” is interlined in pencil.
B: A fair copy was made of only “if one guest came … bread enough for two, more than if eating”. A leaf (#109) from A containing the rest of Visitors 5 and the first half of Visitors 6 was taken into B and renumbered (#127).

(Ronald Clapper)
If one guest came to my house came to my house came came came came came came he sometimes partook of my frugal meal, and it was no interruption to conversation to be stirring a hasty-pudding,in the meanwhile hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, or watching the rising and maturing of a loaf of bread in the ashes, in the mean while. But if twenty came and sat in my house there was nothing said about dinner, though there might be bread enough for two, more than if eating were a forsaken habit; but we naturally practised abstinence; and this was never felt to be an offence against hospitality, but the most proper and considerate course. The waste and decay of physical life, which so often needs repair, seemed miraculously retarded in such a case in such a case in such a case in such a case in such a case in such a case in such a case in such a case , and the vital vigor stood its ground. I could entertain thus a thousand as well as twenty; and I am not aware that if if if if if if if if any ever went away disappointed or hungry from my house when they found me at home, they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least . So easy is it, though many housekeepers doubt it, to establish new and better customs in the place of the old. I mention this to show that you You You You You You You You need not rest your reputation on the dinners you give. For my own part, I was never so effectually deterred from frequenting a man’s house, by any kind of Cerberus whatever, as by the parade he made of one made about one made about one made about one made about one made about one made about one made about dining me, which I took to be a very polite and roundabout hint never to trouble him so again. I think I shall never revisit those scenes. To quote the lines I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser which one of my visitors inscribed on a yellow walnut leaf and which may make part of the motto of my house for a card for a card for a card for a card for a card for a card for a card :—
 
“Arrivéd there, the little house they fill,
 
Ne looke for entertainment where none was;
 
Rest is their feast, and all things at their will:
 
The noblest mind the best contentment has."
6
Visitors 6 written: A rewritten: B, C
B & C: Fair copies were made of only “savages’ barbarous singing … no deficiency in this respect”.

(Ronald Clapper)
When Winslow, afterward governor of the Plymouth Colony, went with a companion on a visit of ceremony to Massassoit on foot through the woods, and arrived tired and hungry at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, they were well received by the king, but nothing was said about eating that day. When the night arrived, to quote their own words,—“He laid us on the bed with himself and his wife, they at the one end and we at the other, it being only plank, laid a foot from the ground and a thin mat upon them. Two more of his chief men, for want of room, pressed by and upon us; so that we were worse weary of our lodging than of our journey." At one o’clock the next day Massassoit "brought two fishes that he had shot," about thrice as big as a bream; “these being boiled, there were at least forty looked for a share in them. The most ate of them. This meal only we had in two nights and a day; and had not one of us bought a partridge, we had taken our journey fasting." For fear Fearing that they should be light-headed for want of food & also sleep on account of owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing (for they used to sing themselves asleep)," and for want of food, and that they might get home while they had strength to travel—they departed. The fact was—the Indians had nothing to eat themselves—and they were wiser than to think that apologies & ceremony could supply the place of food to their guests—and so they drew their belts tighter & said nothing about it—As for lodging indeed they were but poorly entertained, but as far as eating was concerned I do not see how the Indians could have done better. This was a time of fasting with them. At another time when Winslow visited them—they he got as much to eat as he got little before savages’ barbarous singing (for they used to sing themselves asleep)," and for want of food and in order that they might get home while they had strength to travel they departed. As for lodging, it must be confessed that the whites were but poorly entertained, but as far as eating was concerned I do not see how the Indians could have done better. The fact was the Indians had nothing to eat themselves, it was a time of involuntary fasting with them and they were wiser than to think that apologies & ceremony could supply the place of food to their guests, and so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. As for lodging, indeed, they were but poorly entertained, but as far as eating was concerned I do not see how the Indians could have done better. This was a time of fasting with them savages’ barbarous singing (for they used to sing themselves asleep)" and in order that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it must be confessed that the whites were but poorly entertained, but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies & ceremony could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter, and said nothing about it Fearing that they would be light-headed for want of food and also sleep, owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing, (for they use to sing themselves asleep,)" and that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it is true they were but poorly entertained, though what they found an inconvenience was no doubt intended for an honor; but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. Another time when Winslow visited them, it being a season of plenty with them, there was no deficiency in this respect Fearing that they would be light-headed for want of food and also sleep, owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing, (for they use to sing themselves asleep,)" and that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it is true they were but poorly entertained, though what they found an inconvenience was no doubt intended for an honor; but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. Another time when Winslow visited them, it being a season of plenty with them, there was no deficiency in this respect Fearing that they would be light-headed for want of food and also sleep, owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing, (for they use to sing themselves asleep,)" and that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it is true they were but poorly entertained, though what they found an inconvenience was no doubt intended for an honor; but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. Another time when Winslow visited them, it being a season of plenty with them, there was no deficiency in this respect Fearing that they would be light-headed for want of food and also sleep, owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing, (for they use to sing themselves asleep,)" and that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it is true they were but poorly entertained, though what they found an inconvenience was no doubt intended for an honor; but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. Another time when Winslow visited them, it being a season of plenty with them, there was no deficiency in this respect Fearing that they would be light-headed for want of food and also sleep, owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing, (for they use to sing themselves asleep,)" and that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it is true they were but poorly entertained, though what they found an inconvenience was no doubt intended for an honor; but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. Another time when Winslow visited them, it being a season of plenty with them, there was no deficiency in this respect .
7
Visitors 7 written: A rewritten: E
A & E: “But fewer came to see me on trivial business … uncultivated continents on the other side” does not appear in the manuscript in A or in the original copying of E but is interlined in pencil in E.

(Ronald Clapper)
As for men, they will hardly fail one any where. I have had more of their society since while have had more of their society since while have had more of their society since while have had more of their society since while had more of their society visitors while had more visitors while had more visitors while had more visitors while I lived in the woods than at any other period in my life; I mean that I had some. I mean that I had some. I mean that I had some. I met many men I met many men I met many men I met many men & I met many several I met several I met several I met several there under more favorable circumstances than I could any where else. Yet Yet Yet Yet Yet But But But fewer came to see me on trivial businessit is true. businessit is true. businessit is true. businessit is true. businessit is true. business. business. business. In this respect, my company was winnowed by my mere distance from town. I had withdrawn so far into within into within into within into within into within within within within the great ocean of solitude, into which the rivers of society empty, that for the most part, so far as my needs were concerned, only the finest sediment was deposited where I was. Also around me. Beside where I was. Also around me. Beside where I was. Also around me. Beside where I was. Also around me. Beside where I was. Also around me. Beside around me. Beside, around me. Beside, around me. Beside, there were wafted to me evidences of unexplored and uncultivated continents on the other side.
8a
Visitors 8a written: A rewritten: E
A: Visitors 8-13 appears in the following order—8a, 10a, 12a, 11b, 8b, 11a, 10b, 13a, 11d, 11f, and 13b.

(Ronald Clapper)
Who should come to my lodge this morning but a true Homeric or Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian or a Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian man,— Alex Therien—(terren, Alexander the Farmer) he calls himself he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, Alex Therien—(terren, Alexander the Farmer) he calls himself he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, Alex Therien—(terren, Alexander the Farmer) he calls himself he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, Alex Therien—(terren, Alexander the Farmer) he calls himself he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, Alex Therien—(terren, Alexander the Farmer) he calls himself he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, —a Canadian, a wood-chopper and post-maker, who can hole fifty posts in a day, who made his last supper on a woodchuck which his dog caught. He, too, has heard of Homer, and, “if it were not for books," would “not know what to do rainy days," though perhaps he has not read one wholly through for many rainy seasons. Some priest who could pronounce the Greek itself taught him to read his verse in the testament at Nicolèt, away by the Trois Riviers once at Nicolèt, away by the Trois Riviers once at Nicolèt, away by the Trois Riviers once at Nicolèt, away by the Trois Riviers once at Nicolèt, away by the Trois Riviers once in his native parish far away in his native parish far away in his native parish far away in his native parish far away ; and now I must translate to him, while he holds the book, Achilles’ reproof to Patroclus for his sad countenance.—“Why are you in tears, Patroclus, like a young girl?"—
 
“Or have you alone heard some news from Phthia?
 
They say that Menœtius lives yet, son of Actor,
 
And Peleus lives, son of Æacus, among the Myrmidons,
 
Either of whom dead having died, having died, having died, having died, having died, having died, having died, having died, we should greatly grieve."
He says, “That’s good." He has a great bundle of white-oak bark under his arm for a sick man, gathered this Sunday morning. “I suppose there’s no harm in going after such a thing to-day," says he. says he. says he. says he. He had heard of Homer. To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about under the sun he did not know. I have since seen Therien many times He had heard of Homer. To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about under the sun he did not know. I have since seen Therien many times He had heard of Homer. To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about under the sun he did not know. I have since seen Therien many times He had heard of Homer. To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about under the sun he did not know. I have since seen Therien many times To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about under the sun he did not know. I have since seen him many times To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about he did not know To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about he did not know To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about he did not know . A more simple and natural man I never saw it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. Vice and disease, which cast such a sombre moral hue over the world, had had had had had appeared to seemed to have seemed to have seemed to have seemed to have hardly any existence for him. He left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years ago to work in the states, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years ago to work in the states, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years ago to work in the states, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years ago to work in the states, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years ago to work in the States, and earn money perhaps to buy a farm with at last in his native country. He was about twenty-eight years old & had left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years before to work in the States, and earn money to buy a farm with at last perhaps in his native country He was about twenty-eight years old, and had left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years before to work in the States, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He was about twenty-eight years old, and had left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years before to work in the States, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He was about twenty-eight years old, and had left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years before to work in the States, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country . 8b
Visitors 8b written: A rewritten: E
A: Visitors 8b follows Visitors 11b.

(Ronald Clapper)
He was about 28 years old—stout & sluggish, with a strong thick fleshy & sunburnt neck & dark bushy hair & dull sleepy & quiet blue eye—breathed hard and smelled of his work He was about 28 years old—stout & sluggish, with a strong thick fleshy & sunburnt neck & dark bushy hair & dull sleepy & quiet blue eye—breathed hard and smelled of his work He was about 28 years old—stout & sluggish, with a strong thick fleshy & sunburnt neck & dark bushy hair & dull sleepy & quiet blue eye—breathed hard and smelled of his work He was about 28 years old—stout & sluggish, with a strong thick fleshy & sunburnt neck & dark bushy hair & dull sleepy & quiet blue eye—breathed hard and smelled of his work He was about twenty-eight years old, cast in the coarsest mould, sluggish and stout of a stout but sluggish body with a strong thick fleshy sunburnt neck, dark bushy hair, and dull sleepy blue eyes, breathed hard and smelled of his work He was cast in the coarsest mould; a stout but sluggish body, yet gracefully carried, with a thick sunburnt neck, dark bushy hair, and dull sleepy blue eyes, which were occasionally lit up with expression He was cast in the coarsest mould; a stout but sluggish body, yet gracefully carried, with a thick sunburnt neck, dark bushy hair, and dull sleepy blue eyes, which were occasionally lit up with expression He was cast in the coarsest mould; a stout but sluggish body, yet gracefully carried, with a thick sunburnt neck, dark bushy hair, and dull sleepy blue eyes, which were occasionally lit up with expression . He wore a flat gray cloth cap, a dingy wool-colored greatcoat which draped and concealed his body greatcoat which draped and concealed his body greatcoat which draped and concealed his body greatcoat which draped and concealed his body greatcoat which draped and concealed his body greatcoat greatcoat greatcoat , and cowhide boots. He was strong-limbed and was was was was was was was a great consumer of meat, usually carrying his dinner to his work a couple of miles past my house,—for he chopped all summer,—in a tin pail; cold meats, often cold woodchucks which his dog had caught woodchucks which his dog had caught woodchucks which his dog had caught woodchucks which his dog had caught woodchucks which his dog had caught woodchucks woodchucks woodchucks , and coffee in a stone bottle which dangled by a string from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; and sometimes he offered me a drink. He came along early, crossing my bean-field, though without any anxiety anxiety anxiety anxiety anxiety anxiety anxiety anxiety or haste to get to his work, such as Yankees exhibit. He wasn’t a-going to hurt himself. He didn’t care if he only earned his board. He wasn’t a-going to hurt himself. He didn’t care if he only earned his board. He wasn’t a-going to hurt himself. He didn’t care if he only earned his board. Frequently he would leave his dinner in the bushes, when his dog had caught a woodchuck by the way, by the way, by the way, by the way, by the way, by the way, by the way, by the way, and go back a mile and a half to dress it and leave it in the cellar of the house where he boarded, after deliberating first first first for half an hour whether he could not sink it in the pond safely till nightfall,—loving to dwell long upon these themes. He would say, as he went by in the morning, “How thick the pigeons are! If working every day were not my trade, I could get all the meat I should want by hunting,—pigeons, woodchucks, rabbits, partridges,—by George gosh gosh gosh gosh gosh gosh gosh gosh ! I could get all I should want for a week in one day."
9
Visitors 9 written: C rewritten: E
C & E: Visitors 9, which was interlined in pencil in C, follows Visitors 10b and precedes Visitors 12a.

(Ronald Clapper)
He was a skilful chopper, and indulged in some flourishes and ornaments in his art. He cut his trees so level so level so level level level level and close to the ground, that a sled could slide over them that a sled could slide over them that a sled could slide over them the stumps, and because the sprouts that came up afterward were the better for it that the sprouts which came up afterward might be more vigorous and a sled might slide over the stumps that the sprouts which came up afterward might be more vigorous and a sled might slide over the stumps that the sprouts which came up afterward might be more vigorous and a sled might slide over the stumps ; and instead of leaving a whole tree to support his corded wood, he would pare it away to a slender stake or splinter which you could break off with your hand at last.
10a
Visitors 10a written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 10a follows Visitors 8a and precedes Visitors 12a.

(Ronald Clapper)
He interested me because he was so happy—so solitary—so quiet quiet & solitary & so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy withal; withal; withal; withal; withal; withal; He was a well He was a well He was a world well He was a world well He was a well a well a well a well of good humor and happiness contentment contentment contentment contentment contentment contentment contentment contentment which overflowed at his eyes. His mirth was without alloy. 10b
Visitors 10b written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 10b follows Visitors 11a and precedes Visitors 13a.

(Ronald Clapper)
Sometimes I saw him at his own his own his own his his his his his work in the woods, felling trees, and he would greet me with a laugh of inexpressible satisfaction, and a salutation in Canadian French, though he spoke English as well, and when I asked him in which he thought now, or if he spoke aloud to himself which language he used—you know we sometimes talk to ourselves—“Yes—some times" answered he—He said it was in English well, and when I asked him in which he thought now, or if he spoke aloud to himself which language he used—you know we sometimes talk to ourselves—“Yes—some times" answered he—He said it was in English well—and when I asked him in which he thought now, or if he spoke aloud to himself, which language he used—you know we sometimes talk to ourselves—Yes, sometimes—he said it was in English well—and when I asked him in which he thought now, or if he spoke aloud to himself, which language he used—you know we sometimes talk to ourselves—Yes, sometimes—he said it was in English well, and when I asked him in which he thought now, or, if he spoke aloud to himself, which language he used, you know we sometimes talk to ourselves, said I—“Yes, sometimes," he would reply—He said it was English well well well . When I approached him he would suspend his work, and with half-suppressed mirth lie along the trunk of a tree which he had felled and peeling off the pine bark, roll it up in tree which he had felled and peeling off the pine bark, roll it up in tree which he had felled, and peeling off the pine bark, roll it up into tree which he had felled, and peeling off the pine bark, roll it up into pine tree which he had felled, and peeling off the bark, roll it up into pine which he had felled, and, peeling off the inner bark, roll it up into pine which he had felled, and, peeling off the inner bark, roll it up into pine which he had felled, and, peeling off the inner bark, roll it up into a ball and chew it while he laughed and talked. Such an exuberance of animal spirits had he that he would sometimes tumble down and roll would sometimes tumble down and roll would sometimes tumble down and roll would sometimes tumble down and roll would sometimes tumble down and roll sometimes tumbled down and rolled sometimes tumbled down and rolled sometimes tumbled down and rolled on the ground with laughter at any thing which made him think and tickled him. Looking round upon the trees he would say exclaim,—By George—I can enjoy myself well enough in the woods here chopping—I want no better sport. Looking round upon the trees he would exclaim,—“By George! I can enjoy myself well enough here chopping; I want no better sport." Looking round upon the trees he would exclaim,—“By George! I can enjoy myself well enough here chopping; I want no better sport." Looking round upon the trees he would exclaim,—“By George! I can enjoy myself well enough here chopping; I want no better sport." Sometimes, when at leisure, he would amuse himself all day in the woods with a little pocket pistol firing salutes of powder to himself at regular intervals as he travelled—and would occasionally steal up behind my house and fire a stout charge—& laugh loudly at my surprise or at his own trick He loved also to frighten his dog when alone with him in the woods—by pointing his pistol at him & firing powder only would amuse himself all day in the woods with a little pocket pistol firing salutes of powder to himself at regular intervals as he travelled—and would occasionally steal up behind my house and fire a stout charge—& laugh loudly at my surprise or at his own trick He loved also to frighten his dog when alone with him in the woods—by pointing his pistol at him & firing powder only would amuse himself all day in the woods with a little pocket pistol firing salutes of powder to himself at regular intervals as he travelled and would occasionally steal up behind my house and fire a stout charge, and laugh loudly at my surprise or at his own trick. He loved also to frighten his dog when alone with him in the woods by pointing his pistol at him and firing powder only would amuse himself all day in the woods with a little pocket pistol firing salutes of powder to himself at regular intervals as he travelled and would occasionally steal up behind my house and fire a stout charge, and laugh loudly at my surprise or at his own trick. He loved also to frighten his dog when alone with him in the woods by pointing his pistol at him and firing powder only would amuse himself all day in the woods with a little pocket pistol firing salutes to himself at regular intervals as he travelled or he would frighten his dog by pointing his pistol at him and firing powder only and would occasionally he would steal up be-hind my house and fire a stout charge, and laugh loudly at my surprise or his own trick. He loved also to frighten his dog when alone with him in his woods by pointing his pistol at him and firing powder only amused himself all day in the woods with a pocket pistol, firing salutes to himself at regular intervals as he walked amused himself all day in the woods with a pocket pistol, firing salutes to himself at regular intervals as he walked amused himself all day in the woods with a pocket pistol, firing salutes to himself at regular intervals as he walked . In winter days when chopping in the woods he had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a tin kettle, and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner. He told me that the chickadees would come round & light on his arm and peck at the potatoe in his fingers, & he added “I like" said that he “liked to have the little fellers about me him. In winter days when chopping in the woods he had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a tin kettle, and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner. He told me that the chickadees would come round & light on his arm and peck at the potatoe in his fingers, & he added “I like" said that he “liked to have the little fellers about me him. In winter he chopped in the woods and had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a tin kettle and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would come round and light on his arm and peck at the potatoe in his fingers, and he said that he “liked to have the little fellers about him." In winter he chopped in the woods and had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a tin kettle and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would come round and light on his arm and peck at the potatoe in his fingers, and he said that he “liked to have the little fellers about him." In the winter he chopped in the woods and had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a tin kettle, and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would sometimes come round and light alight on his arm and peck at the potatoe in his fingers, and he said that he “liked to have the little fellers about him." In the winter he had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a kettle; and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would sometimes come round and alight on his arm and peck at the potato in his fingers; and he said that he “liked to have the little about him." In the winter he had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a kettle; and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would sometimes come round and alight on his arm and peck at the potato in his fingers; and he said that he “liked to have the little about him." In the winter he had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a kettle; and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would sometimes come round and alight on his arm and peck at the potato in his fingers; and he said that he “liked to have the little about him."
11a
Visitors 11a written: A rewritten: B, C, E
A: Visitors 11a follows Visitors 8b and precedes Visitors 10b.
B: Visitors 11a follows Visitors 11e and precedes Visitors 12b.
C: Visitors 11-12 appears in the following order—12a, 12c, 11b, 11c, 11d, 11f, 11a, and 12b.

(Ronald Clapper)
In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. If others had cultivated their intellectual faculties till they astonished him—his physical contentment and endurance—like the a cousin to the pine & the rock was equally astonishing to them If others had cultivated their intellectual faculties till they astonished him, his In physical contentment & endurance like a he was cousin to the pine and the rock was equally astonishing to them in physical contentment & endurance he was cousin to the pine & the rock in physical contentment & endurance he was cousin to the pine & the rock In physical contentment and endurance and contentment he was cousin to the pine and the rock In physical endurance and contentment he was cousin to the pine and the rock In physical endurance and contentment he was cousin to the pine and the rock In physical endurance and contentment he was cousin to the pine and the rock . I asked him once if he was not sometimes tired at night, after working all day; and he answered, with a sincere and serious look, quite truthful look, quite truthful look, quite truthful look, quite truthful look, quite truthful look look look , "Gorrappit, I never was tired in my life." It sounded like the triumph of the physical man It sounded like the triumph of the physical man But the intellectual and spiritual man in him were slumbering like an infant It sounded like the triumph of the physical man. But the intellectual and spiritual man in him were slumbering like as in an infant It sounded like the triumph of the physical man. But the intellectual and spiritual man in him were slumbering like as in an infant It sounded like the triumph of the physical man. But the intellectual and what is called spiritual man in him were slumbering as in an infant But the intellectual and what is called spiritual man in him were slumbering as in an infant But the intellectual and what is called spiritual man in him were slumbering as in an infant But the intellectual and what is called spiritual man in him were slumbering as in an infant . 11b
Visitors 11b written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 11b follows Visitors 12a and precedes Visitors 8b.
C: Visitors 11b follows Visitors 12c.

(Ronald Clapper)
He had been instructed only in that innocent and ineffectual way in which the Catholic priests teach the aborigines, in in in in in by by by by which the pupil is never educated to the degree of consciousness, but only to the degree of trust and reverence, and a child is not made a man, but kept a child. When Nature made him, she gave him contentment for his portion, a strong body and health and propped him, as it were contentment for his portion, a strong body and health and propped him, as it were contentment for his portion, a strong body & contentment for his portion, and propped him a strong body and contentment for his portion, and propped him a strong body and contentment for his portion, and propped him a strong body and contentment for his portion, and propped him a strong body and contentment for his portion, and propped him a strong body and contentment for his portion, and propped him on every side with reverence and reliance, that he might live out his threescore years and ten a child. 11c
Visitors 11c written: B rewritten: C, E
B: Visitors 11c follows Visitors 13b and precedes Visitors 11e.

(Ronald Clapper)
He was so genuine and unsophisticated that He was so genuine and unsophisticated that He was so genuine and unsophisticated that He was so genuine and unsophisticated that He was so genuine and unsophisticated that He was so genuine and unsophisticated that no introduction would serve to introduce him, more than if you introduced a woodchuck to your neighbor. He had got to find him out as you did. He would not play any part, Like all children he lived amused himself chiefly alone, not in society, nor where rumor and fame reach part part part part part part . Men helped to feed & clothe him & paid him his wages for work Men helped to feed & clothe him & paid him his wages for work Men helped to feed & clothe him & paid him his wages for work Men helped to feed & clothe him & paid him his wages for work & so helped to feed & clothe him Men paid him wages for work, and so helped to feed and clothe him Men paid him wages for work, and so helped to feed and clothe him Men paid him wages for work, and so helped to feed and clothe him ; but he never exchanged opinions with them. 11d
Visitors 11d written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 11d follows Visitors 13a and precedes Visitors 11f.

(Ronald Clapper)
He was so simply and naturally humble— if he can be called humble who never aspires if he can be called humble who never aspires if he can be called humble who never aspires if he can be called humble who never aspires —that humility was no distinct quality in him, nor could he conceive of it. Wiser men were demigods to him. 11e
Visitors 11e written: B rewritten: E
B: Visitors 11e follows Visitors 11c and precedes Visitors 11a.
E: Visitors 11e is interlined in pencil in its present position.
B: Visitors 11e appears as follows. He never heard the sound of praise. If I told him that a wise man was coming to see him he did not know nor think how he would behave more than if I told him an archangel were coming—but he did as if he thought that anything so grand would expect nothing of himself but take all the responsibility on itself, and let him be forgotten still

(Ronald Clapper)
If you told him that such a one were were were were was was was coming, he did as if he thought that any thing so grand would expect nothing of himself, but take all the responsibility on itself, and let him be forgotten still. He never heard the sound of praise. 11f
Visitors 11f written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 11f follows Visitors 11d and precedes Visitors 13b.
C: Visitors 11f follows Visitors 11d and precedes Visitors 11a.

(Ronald Clapper)
He particularly reverenced the writer and the preacher. Their performances were miracles. When I told him that I wrote a good deal, a good deal, a good deal considerably, considerably, considerably, considerably, considerably, considerably, he thought for a long time that it was merely the handwriting which which which which which which which which I meant spoke of meant meant meant meant meant meant meant , n
Note: “meant" copied and “spoke of" interlined as a variant. (R. Clapper)
for he could write remarkably well himself, indeed much better than I commonly do for he could write remarkably well himself, indeed much better than I commonly do for he could write remarkably well himself, indeed much better than I commonly do for he could write remarkably well himself, indeed much better than I commonly do for he could write a remarkably good hand himself, much better than I commonly do for he could write a remarkably good hand himself for he could write a remarkably good hand himself for he could write a remarkably good hand himself . I sometimes found the name of his native parish handsomely written in the snow by the highway, with the proper French accent, and knew that he had passed. I sometimes found the name of his native parish handsomely written in the snow by the highway, with the proper French accent, and knew that he had passed. I sometimes found the name of his native parish handsomely written in the snow by the highway, with the proper French accent, and knew that he had passed. I sometimes found the name of his native parish handsomely written in the snow by the highway, with the proper French accent, and knew that he had passed. I asked him if he ever wished to write his thoughts. He said that he had read and written letters for those who could not, but he never tried to write thoughts,—no, he could not, he could not tell what to put first, it would kill him, and then there was spelling to be attended to at the same time!
12a
Visitors 12a written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 12a follows Visitors 10a and precedes Visitors 11b.
C: Visitors 12a follows Visitors 10b and precedes Visitors 12c.

(Ronald Clapper)
I heard that a wise man the chief of all the Reformers wise man the chief of all the Reformers wise man distinguished reformer distinguished wise man & reformer distinguished wise man and reformer distinguished wise man and reformer distinguished wise man and reformer distinguished wise man and reformer distinguished wise man and reformer asked him if he did not want the world to be changed; and and and but but but but but but he answered with a chuckle of surprise in his Canadian accent, not knowing that the question had ever been entertained before, “No, he liked he liked he liked he liked he liked I like I like I like I like it well enough." It would suggest have suggested have suggested have suggested have suggested have suggested have suggested have suggested have suggested many things to a philosopher to have dealings with him Indeed he was himself a philosopher in his way, & could take his own views of things have dealings with him Indeed he was himself a philosopher in his way, & could take his own views of things have dealings with him Indeed he was himself a philosopher in his way, & could take his own views of things have dealings with him Indeed he was himself a philosopher in his way, & could take his own views of things have had dealings with him have dealings with him have dealings with him have dealings with him . 12b
Visitors 12b written: B rewritten: C, E
B: Visitors 12b, 14b and 15a are inserted on the verso of the leaf that contains Visitors 11c, 11e and 11a.
E: A fair copy was made of only “To a stranger he appeared … as wise as Shakspeare, or as simply”.

(Ronald Clapper)
To a stranger he would appear appeared appeared appeared appeared appeared appeared to know nothing of things in general; yet I sometimes saw in him a man whom I had not known seen seen seen seen seen seen before, and I did not know whether he was as wise as Shakspeare or as simply ignorant as a child, whether to suspect him of a fine poetic consciousness or of stupidity. 12c
Visitors 12c written: A rewritten: C
A & C: Visitors 12c, which is interlined in pencil in A, follows Visitors 12a and precedes Visitors 11b.

(Ronald Clapper)
My friends said My friends said One of my friends said A townsman told me A townsman told me A townsman told me A townsman told me A townsman told me that when he met him sauntering through the village in his small close-fitting cap, and whistling to himself, and whistling to himself, and whistling to himself, and whistling to himself, and whistling to himself, and whistling to himself, he reminded him of a prince in disguise.
13a
Visitors 13a written: A rewritten: C
A: Visitors 13a follows Visitors 10b and precedes Visitors 11d.
C: Visitors 13a follows Visitors 12b.

(Ronald Clapper)
His only books were an almanac and an arithmetic, in which last especially he was quite especially he was quite especially he was quite rather he was considerably he was considerably he was considerably he was considerably he was considerably expert. The former was a sort of universal lexicon universal lexicon universal lexicon cyclopædia cyclopædia cyclopædia cyclopædia cyclopædia to him, which he supposed contained to contain to contain to contain to contain to contain to contain to contain an abstract of human knowledge, as indeed it does to a considerable extent. as indeed it does to a considerable extent. as indeed it does to a considerable extent. as indeed it does to a considerable extent. as indeed it does to a considerable extent. I loved to sound him on all the the various the various the various the various the various the various the various reforms of the day, and he rarely rarely rarely never never never never never failed to look at them in the most simple and practical light and as they concerned him light and as they concerned him light and as they concerned him light light light light light . He had never heard of such things before. He allowed that he might dispense with many articles of commerce to advantage Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. He had worn the home-made Vermont gray, he said, he said, he said, he said, he said, he said, he said, and that was good. If I didn’t like factories—was it necessary to send abroad for our drink? Did he ever drink anything beside water which the country afforded? If I didn’t like factories—was it necessary to send abroad for our drink? Did he ever drink anything beside water which the country afforded? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did the country afford any beverage? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did this country afford any beverage beside water? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did this country afford any beverage beside water? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did this country afford any beverage beside water? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did this country afford any beverage beside water? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did this country afford any beverage beside water? He had soaked hemlock leaves in water and drank it in Canada, it in Canada, it in Canada, it, it, it, it, it, and thought thought thought thought thought that was better than water in warm weather. Could he When I asked him once if he could do without money and When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money , he showed the convenience of money in such a way as to suggest and coincide with the most philosophical accounts of the origin of this institution, and the very derivation of the word . If an ox were his property, and he wished to get needles or thread needles and thread needles and thread needles and thread needles and thread needles and thread needles and thread needles and thread at the store, he thought it would be inconvenient and impossible soon to go on mortgaging some fraction portion portion portion portion portion portion portion of the creature each time to that amount. He could defend many institutions better than any philosopher, because, in describing them as they concerned him, he gave the true reason for their prevalence, and speculation had not suggested to him any other. He could defend many institutions better than any philosopher, because, in describing them as they concerned him, he gave the true reason for their prevalence, and speculation had not suggested to him any other. He could defend many institutions better than any philosopher, because, in describing them as they concerned him, he gave the true reason for their prevalence, and speculation had not suggested to him any other. He could defend many institutions better than any philosopher, because, in describing them as they concerned him, he gave the true reason for their prevalence, and speculation had not suggested to him any other. He could defend many institutions better than any philosopher, because, in describing them as they concerned him, he gave the true reason for their prevalence, and speculation had not suggested to him any other. 13b
Visitors 13b written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 13b follows Visitors 11f.
C: Visitors 13b is interlined in pencil in its present order.
E: A fair copy was made of only “without feathers, —and that one exhibited … ”knees“ bent the wrong way”.

(Ronald Clapper)
Speaking of Speaking of Hearing At another time, hearing At another time, hearing At another time, hearing At another time, hearing At another time, hearing Plato’s definition of a man,— one day, he said that the knee of the cock turned the other way from man’s, and that was an important difference a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way . 13c
Visitors 13c written: A rewritten: C, E

(Ronald Clapper)
He would exclaim sometimes after conversing with me several hours sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, “How I love to talk! By George, I could talk all day! You make me think of things I never thought of before day!" day!" day!" day!" day!" day!" day!" 13d
Visitors 13d written: E
E: “He would sometimes ask me … honesty and the like virtues” is interlined in pencil.

(Ronald Clapper)
I asked him one afternoon once once once once when I had not seen him for many months, if he had got a new idea this summer. “Good Lord," says said said said said he, “a man that has to work as I do, if he does not forget the ideas he has had, he will do well. May be the man you hoe with is inclined to race; then, by gorry [Godfrey] n
Note: The preceding brackets are Thoreau’s. (R. Clapper)
gorry, gorry, gorry,
your mind must be there; you think of weeds." He would sometimes ask me first on such occasions, if I had made any improvement. One winter day I asked him once him him him if he was always satisfied with himself, wishing to suggest a substitute for the priest within him employment & an aim for life & some higher motive for living. within him for the priest without, and some higher motive for living. within him for the priest without, and some higher motive for living. within him for the priest without, and some higher motive for living. “Satisfied!" said he; “some men are satisfied with one thing, and some with another. One man, perhaps, if he has got enough, will be satisfied to sit all day with his back to the fire and his belly to the table, by George!" Yet I never, by any manœuvring, could get him to take what is called the spiritual the spiritual the spiritual the spiritual view of things; the highest that he appeared to conceive of was a natural simple expediency which did not imply the moral sentiment simple expediency, such as you might expect an animal to appreciate; and this, practically, is true of most men simple expediency, such as you might expect an animal to appreciate; and this, practically, is true of most men simple expediency, such as you might expect an animal to appreciate; and this, practically, is true of most men . If I suggested any improvement in his own case mode of life mode of life mode of life , he merely answered, without expressing any regret, that it was too late. Yet he thoroughly believed in honesty and the like virtues.
14a
Visitors 14a written: E
E: “Though he hesitated … presentable thought behind” is interlined in pencil.

(Ronald Clapper)
There was a certain positive originality, however slight, to be detected in him, and I occasionally observed that he was thinking for himself and expressing his own opinion, however crude and indistinct opinion opinion opinion , a phenomenon so rare that I would any day walk ten miles to observe it, and it amounted to the re-origination of many of many of many of many of the institutions of society. Though he hesitated, and perhaps failed to express himself distinctly, distinctly, distinctly, he always had a presentable thought behind. Yet his thinking was so primitive and immersed in his animal life, that, though more promising than a merely learned man’s, it never rarely rarely rarely rarely ripened to any thing which can be reported. 14b
Visitors 14b written: B rewritten: C, E
B: Visitors 14b is interlined in pencil.

(Ronald Clapper)
He suggested that there might be men of genius in the lowest grades of life, however permanently humble and illiterate, who have a view of their own always & are not indebted to their neighbors take a view of their own always & are not indebted to their neighbors take a view of their own always & are not indebted to their neighbors who take their own view always and are not indebted to their neighbors take their own view always, or do not pretend to see at all take their own view always, or do not pretend to see at all take their own view always, or do not pretend to see at all ; who are as bottomless as even as even even as even as even as even as even as Walden Pond was thought to be, though they may be dark and muddy. Sometimes there would come half a dozen railroad repairers to my house at once, healthy & sturdy working men, descended from sound bodies & still transmitting arms and legs and bowels downward. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal, and a genuine courtesy which was sweet thanks to their dear bought experience. One a handsome sailor-like young man I remember who had lived among the Indians near Apollachicola, who said to me “Sir, I like your notions," and went away wishing me “success and happiness." They came in troops on Sunday in clean shirts, with washed hands and faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. I observed in some of these men, under faces homely, hard and seared scarred like the rocks, but human & wise still an inextinguishable & ineradicable refinement and delicacy of nature, older & of more worth than the sun & moon which are commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only—Sometimes, I fancied, a genuine magnanimity equal to the least occasion, and of unexplored & uncontaminated descent, greater traits methought I noticed in the shortest intercourse, than are recorded of any of the worthies. Their humble occupation such as I had assigned to the worthies of the world. It was no disadvantage that their occupation was humble and that they took no aims upon themselves were no disadvantage. Our employment affects but slowly the finer qualities of our nature. Of course there is no more real rudeness in laborers & washerwomen than in gentlemen and ladies. Most men are wrecked upon their consciousness. Civilization makes bright only the superficial film of the eye muddy. Sometimes there would come half a dozen railroad repairers to my house at once, healthy & sturdy working men, descended from sound bodies & still transmitting arms and legs and bowels downward. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal, and a genuine courtesy which was sweet thanks to their dear bought experience. One a handsome sailor-like young man I remember who had lived among the Indians near Apollachicola, who said to me “Sir, I like your notions," and went away wishing me “success and happiness." They came in troops on Sunday in clean shirts, with washed hands and faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. I observed in some of these men, under faces homely, hard and seared scarred like the rocks, but human & wise still an inextinguishable & ineradicable refinement and delicacy of nature, older & of more worth than the sun & moon which are commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only—Sometimes, I fancied, a genuine magnanimity equal to the least occasion, and of unexplored & uncontaminated descent, greater traits methought I noticed in the shortest intercourse, than are recorded of any of the worthies. Their humble occupation such as I had assigned to the worthies of the world. It was no disadvantage that their occupation was humble and that they took no aims upon themselves were no disadvantage. Our employment affects but slowly the finer qualities of our nature. Of course there is no more real rudeness in laborers & washerwomen than in gentlemen and ladies. Most men are wrecked upon their consciousness. Civilization makes bright only the superficial film of the eye muddy. Sometimes there would come half a dozen railroad repairers to my house at once, healthy & sturdy working men, descended from sound bodies & still transmitting arms and legs and bowels downward. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal, and a genuine courtesy which was sweet thanks to their dear bought experience. One a handsome sailor-like young man I remember who had lived among the Indians near Apollachicola, who said to me “Sir, I like your notions," and went away wishing me “success and happiness." They came in troops on Sunday in clean shirts, with washed hands and faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. I observed in some of these men, under faces homely, hard and seared scarred like the rocks, but human & wise still an inextinguishable & ineradicable refinement and delicacy of nature, older & of more worth than the sun & moon which are commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only—Sometimes, I fancied, a genuine magnanimity equal to the least occasion, and of unexplored & uncontaminated descent, greater traits methought I noticed in the shortest intercourse, than are recorded of any of the worthies. Their humble occupation such as I had assigned to the worthies of the world. It was no disadvantage that their occupation was humble and that they took no aims upon themselves were no disadvantage. Our employment affects but slowly the finer qualities of our nature. Of course there is no more real rudeness in laborers & washerwomen than in gentlemen and ladies. Most men are wrecked upon their consciousness. Civilization makes bright only the superficial film of the eye muddy. Sometimes there would come half a dozen railroad repairers to my house at once, healthy & sturdy working men, descended from sound bodies & still transmitting arms and legs and bowels downward. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal, and a genuine courtesy which was sweet thanks to their dear bought experience. One a handsome sailor-like young man I remember who had lived among the Indians near Apollachicola, who said to me “Sir, I like your notions," and went away wishing me “success and happiness." They came in troops on Sunday in clean shirts, with washed hands and faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. I observed in some of these men, under faces homely, hard and seared scarred like the rocks, but human & wise still an inextinguishable & ineradicable refinement and delicacy of nature, older & of more worth than the sun & moon which are commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only—Sometimes, I fancied, a genuine magnanimity equal to the least occasion, and of unexplored & uncontaminated descent, greater traits methought I noticed in the shortest intercourse, than are recorded of any of the worthies. Their humble occupation such as I had assigned to the worthies of the world. It was no disadvantage that their occupation was humble and that they took no aims upon themselves were no disadvantage. Our employment affects but slowly the finer qualities of our nature. Of course there is no more real rudeness in laborers & washerwomen than in gentlemen and ladies. Most men are wrecked upon their consciousness. Civilization makes bright only the superficial film of the eye muddy muddy muddy . n
Note: For earlier versions of this passage in A & B, see Visitors 2. (R. Clapper)
15a
Visitors 15a written: B rewritten: D, E
B: Visitors 15a is interlined in pencil.
E: A fair copy was made of only “Many a traveller came out of his way to see”.

(Ronald Clapper)
Many a traveller came out of his way to see me and the inside of my house, and, for as as as as as as as an excuse for calling, asked for a glass of water. I generally told generally told generally told told told told told them that I drank of at at at at at at the pond, and pointed thither, offering to lend them him them them them them them them a dipper. One Sunday two young women strangers borrowed my dipper; but I never saw them nor the dipper again. They thirsted not for water but threw the dipper into the lake perchance. What the lake to them but liquid fire and brimstone! They will never know peace till they have returned the dipper. In all worlds this is decreed. Before this, even while I was first putting my house n
Note: the leaf ends here; after an apparently missing leaf, the next leaf begins: (R. Clapper)
Perhaps he is one of the sect of philosophers, the only one, so simple, so abstracted in his thought and life from his contemporaries that his wisdom is foolishness to them—His very vividness of perception—clear knowledge & insight—have made him dumb—leaving no common consciousness & ground of parlance with mankind. I was not to be deceived by a few stupid words of course, or apparent stolidity. A month or two after this, as I heard, his body was found dead among the brush over back of the hills, so far decomposed that his coffin was carried to it, and it was put into it with pitchforks,—But still in spite of all I cherished I have my doubts still suspicions that he may might have died a Brahmin’s death, dwelling at the roots of trees at last, and been absorbed into the spirit of Brahm
dipper. One Sunday two young women strangers borrowed my dipper; but I never saw them nor the dipper again. They thirsted not for water but threw the dipper into the lake perchance. What the lake to them but liquid fire and brimstone! They will never know peace till they have returned the dipper. In all worlds this is decreed. Before this, even while I was first putting my house n
Note: the leaf ends here; after an apparently missing leaf, the next leaf begins: (R. Clapper)
Perhaps he is one of the sect of philosophers, the only one, so simple, so abstracted in his thought and life from his contemporaries that his wisdom is foolishness to them—His very vividness of perception—clear knowledge & insight—have made him dumb—leaving no common consciousness & ground of parlance with mankind. I was not to be deceived by a few stupid words of course, or apparent stolidity. A month or two after this, as I heard, his body was found dead among the brush over back of the hills, so far decomposed that his coffin was carried to it, and it was put into it with pitchforks,—But still in spite of all I cherished I have my doubts still suspicions that he may might have died a Brahmin’s death, dwelling at the roots of trees at last, and been absorbed into the spirit of Brahm
dipper. One Sunday two young women strangers borrowed my dipper; but I never saw them nor the dipper again. They thirsted not for water but threw the dipper into the lake perchance. What the lake to them but liquid fire and brimstone! They will never know peace till they have returned the dipper. In all worlds this is decreed. Before this, even while I was first putting my house n
Note: the leaf ends here; after an apparently missing leaf, the next leaf begins: (R. Clapper)
Perhaps he is one of the sect of philosophers, the only one, so simple, so abstracted in his thought and life from his contemporaries that his wisdom is foolishness to them—His very vividness of perception—clear knowledge & insight—have made him dumb—leaving no common consciousness & ground of parlance with mankind. I was not to be deceived by a few stupid words of course, or apparent stolidity. A month or two after this, as I heard, his body was found dead among the brush over back of the hills, so far decomposed that his coffin was carried to it, and it was put into it with pitchforks,—But still in spite of all I cherished I have my doubts still suspicions that he may might have died a Brahmin’s death, dwelling at the roots of trees at last, and been absorbed into the spirit of Brahm
dipper dipper dipper dipper
. Far off as I lived, I was not exempted from the annual visitation which occurs, methinks, about the first of April, when every body is on the move; and I had my share of good luck, though there were some curious specimens among my visitors. Far off as I lived, I was not exempted from the annual visitation which occurs, methinks, about the first of April, when every body is on the move; and I had my share of good luck, though there were some curious specimens among my visitors. Far off as I lived, I was not exempted from the annual visitation which occurs, methinks, about the first of April, when every body is on the move; and I had my share of good luck, though there were some curious specimens among my visitors. Half-witted men from the almshouse and elsewhere and elsewhere and elsewhere and elsewhere and elsewhere and elsewhere came to see me; but I made endeavored to make endeavored to make endeavored to make endeavored to make endeavored to make endeavored to make them exercise all the wit they had, and make their confessions to me; in such cases making wit the theme of our conversation; and so was compensated. Indeed, I find find found some of them to be wiser than the so called overseers of the poor and selectmen of the town, and thought it was time that the tables were turned. With respect to wit I found found some of them to be wiser than the so called of the poor and selectmen of the town, and thought it was time that the tables were turned. With respect to wit, I learned found some of them to be wiser than the so called of the poor and selectmen of the town, and thought it was time that the tables were turned. With respect to wit, I learned found some of them to be wiser than the so called of the poor and selectmen of the town, and thought it was time that the tables were turned. With respect to wit, I learned found some of them to be wiser than the so called of the poor and selectmen of the town, and thought it was time that the tables were turned. With respect to wit, I learned that there was not much difference between the half and the whole. 15b
Visitors 15b written: D

(Ronald Clapper)
One day, in particular, in particular, in particular, in particular, in particular, an inoffensive, simple-minded pauper, whom with others I had often seen used as fencing stuff, standing or sitting on a bushel in the fields to keep cattle and himself from straying, visited me, and expressed a wish to live as I did. He told me, with the utmost simplicity and truth, quite superior, or rather , to any thing that is called humility, that he was “deficient in intellect." These were his words. The Lord had made him so, yet he supposed the Lord cared as much for him as for another. “I have always been so," said he, “from my childhood; I never had much mind; I was not like other children; I am weak in the head. It was the Lord’s will, I suppose." And there he was to prove the truth of his words. He was a metaphysical puzzle to me. And there he was to prove the truth of his words. He was a metaphysical puzzle to me. And there he was to prove the truth of his words. He was a metaphysical puzzle to me. And there he was to prove the truth of his words. He was a metaphysical puzzle to me. I have rarely met a fellow-man on such promising ground,—it was so simple and sincere and so true all that he said. I did not know at first but it was the result of a wise policy so to lay the surest foundations for an intercourse, that might come to something. For, true enough, in proportion as he appeared to humble himself he was he exalted And, true enough, in proportion as he appeared to humble himself was he exalted. I did not know at first but it was the result of a wise policy And, true enough, in proportion as he appeared to humble himself was he exalted. I did not know at first but it was the result of a wise policy And, true enough, in proportion as he appeared to humble himself was he exalted. I did not know at first but it was the result of a wise policy And, true enough, in proportion as he appeared to humble himself was he exalted. I did not know at first but it was the result of a wise policy . It seemed that from such a basis of truth and frankness as the poor weak-headed pauper had laid, our intercourse might go forward to something better than the intercourse of sages.
16
Visitors 16 written: D

(Ronald Clapper)
I had some guests from those not reckoned commonly among the town’s poor, but who should be; who are among the world’s poor, at any rate; guests who appeal, not to your hospitality, but to your ; who earnestly wish to be helped, and preface their appeal with the information that they are resolved, for one thing, never to help themselves. I require of a visitor that he be not actually starving, though he may have the very best appetite in the world, however he got it and I will not inquire how he came by it however he got it however he got it however he got it however he got it . Objects of charity are not guests. Men who did not know when their visit had terminated, though I went about my business again, and regarded myself as alone again again again again , answering them from greater and greater remoteness.
 
I’m contented you should stay
 
For ever and aye
 
If you can take yourself away
 
Any day
remoteness. remoteness. remoteness. remoteness.
Men of almost almost almost almost every degree of wit called on me in the migrating season. in the migrating season. in the migrating season. in the migrating season. Some who had more wits than they knew what to do with; runaway slaves with plantation manners, who listened from time to time, like the fox in the fable, as if they heard the hounds a-baying on their track, and looked at me beseechingly, as much as to say, —
 
“O Christian, will you send me back?"
One real runaway slave, among the rest, whom I forwarded helped to forward helped to forward helped to forward helped to forward helped to forward toward the northstar. Men of one idea, like a hen with one chicken, and that a duckling; men of a thousand ideas, and unkempt heads, like those hens which are made to take charge of a hundred chickens, all in pursuit of one bug, a score of them lost in every morning’s dew,— and become frizzled and mangy in consequence; and become frizzled and mangy in consequence; and become frizzled and mangy in consequence; and become frizzled and mangy in consequence; men of ideas instead of legs, a sort of intellectual centipede that made you crawl all over. One man proposed a book in which visitors should write their names, as at the White Mountains; said he would be at the expense of it! As if it were of any significance for a man who had failed to make any impression on you to leave his name. No, I kept a book, it needed only a small one, to put their fames in; I was at the expense of it but, alas! I have too good a memory to make that necessary but, alas! I have too good a memory to make that necessary but, alas! I have too good a memory to make that necessary but, alas! I have too good a memory to make that necessary .
17
Visitors 17 written: B rewritten: E
B & E: “and you would suppose that they would not go … as many risks as he runs” does not appear in the manuscript in B or in the original copying of E but is interlined in E.
E: A fair copy was made of only “that it was not possible to do so much good … feared the men-harriers rather”.

(Ronald Clapper)
I could not help noticing but notice some of the peculiarities in of but notice some of the peculiarities of but notice some of the peculiarities of but notice some of the peculiarities of but notice some of the peculiarities of but notice some of the peculiarities of but notice some of the peculiarities of my visitors. Girls and boys and young women generally seemed glad to be in the woods. They looked in the pond and at the flowers, and improved their time. Men of business, even farmers, even farmers, even farmers, even farmers, even farmers, even farmers, thought only of solitude and employment, and of the great distance at which I dwelt from something or other; and though they said that they loved a ramble in the woods occasionally, it was obvious that they did not. Restless committed men, whose time was all taken up in getting a living or keeping it; or keeping it; or keeping it; or keeping it; or keeping it; or keeping it; ministers who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; doctors, lawyers, conscientious preachers lawyers lawyers lawyers lawyers lawyers lawyers , uneasy housekeepers who pried into my cupboard and bed What right had How came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not the cleanest as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers ? —young men who had ceased to be young, and had concluded that it was safest to follow the beaten track of the professions,— all these all these all these all these all these all these generally said that it was not possible to do so much good in my position. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. The old and infirm and the timid, of whatever age or sex, thought most of sickness, and sudden accident and death; to them life seemed full of danger anywhere, and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position. (What danger is there if you don’t think of any?) danger anywhere, and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position. (What danger is there if you don’t think of any?) danger anywhere, and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position. (What danger is there if you don’t think of any?) Danger anywhere, but what danger of this kind is there if you don’t think of any?— and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position. danger,—what danger is there if you don't think of any? —and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position, danger,—what danger is there if you don't think of any? —and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position, danger,—what danger is there if you don't think of any? —and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position, where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. To them the village was literally a , a league for mutual defence, and you would suppose that they would not go a-huckleberrying without a medicine chest. The amount of it is, if a man is alive, there is always that he may die, though the danger must be allowed to be less in proportion as he makes himself the more makes himself the more makes himself the more makes himself the more is is is dead-and-alive to begin with. A man sits as many risks as he runs, if he did but know it runs, if he did but know it runs, if he did but know it runs, if he did but know it runs runs runs . Finally, there were the self-styled reformers, the greatest bores of all, not to imply that the others were bores at all all, all, all, all, all, all, who thought that I was forever singing,—
 
This is the house that I built;
 
This is the man that lives in the house that I built;
but who who who who they they they did not know that the third line was,
 
These are the folks that worry the man
 
That lives in the house that I built.
I did not fear the hen-harriers, for I kept no chickens; but I feared the men-harriers rather. I did not fear the hen-harriers, for I kept no chickens; but I feared the men-harriers rather. I did not fear the hen-harriers, for I kept no chickens; but I feared the men-harriers rather. I did not fear the hen-harriers, for I kept no chickens; but I feared the men-harriers rather.
18
Visitors 18 written: E
E: Visitors 18 is interlined.

(Ronald Clapper)
But I had more welcome cheering visitors than these last from time to time of whom I shall speak in another place I had more cheering visitors than the last I had more cheering visitors than the last I had more cheering visitors than the last . Children come a-berrying, railroad men taking a Sunday morning walk in clean shirts in clean shirts in clean shirts in clean shirts , fishermen and hunters, —(all in short who really got to the woods and left the woods behind them were welcome) fishers & hunters of men too poets and philosophers poets and philosophers poets and philosophers , in short, all honest pilgrims, who came out to the woods for freedom’s sake, and really left the village behind, I was ready to greet with,—“Welcome, Englishmen! welcome, Englishmen!" for I had had communication with that race.
XVersion
Visitors n
Note: The title “Society" appears in pencil at the top of the leaf containing Visitors 1. (R. Clapper)
1
Visitors 1 written: A rewritten: B, D
A & B: Visitors 1 precedes Solitude 12a.

(Ronald Clapper)
Yet I think Yet I think Yet I think Yet I think I THINK I THINK I THINK I THINK that I love society as much as most, and am apt apt ready ready ready ready ready ready enough to fasten myself like a bloodsucker for the time to any full-blooded man that comes in my way. I am naturally no hermit, but should probably should probably might possibly might possibly might possibly might possibly might possibly might possibly sit out the sturdiest frequenter of the bar-room, if my business called me that way.
 
What do we ask?
 
Some worthy task;
 
Never to run
 
Till that be done,
 
That never done
 
Under the sun.
 
By might & main
 
Health and strength gain,
 
So to give nerve
 
To our slenderness,
 
Yet some mighty pain
 
We would sustain,
 
So to preserve
 
Our tenderness.
 
Strength like the rock
 
To withstand every shock,
 
Yet not be deceived,
 
Of suffering bereaved—
 
Occasion to gain
 
To shed human tears,
 
And to entertain
 
Still demonic fears.
 
Not once for all
 
Forever blest.
 
Still to be cheered
 
Out of the west,
 
Not from our heart
 
To banish all sighs,
 
Still be encouraged
 
By the sun-rise—
 
For earthly pleasures,
 
Celestial pains—
 
Heavenly losses,
 
For earthly gains.
 
Must we still eat
 
The bread we have spurned?
 
Must we rekindle
 
The faggots we’ve burned?
that way that way in that direction thither thither thither thither
.
2
Visitors 2 written: A rewritten: B
A & B: Visitors 2-6 is preceded by Visitors 7-13.
A: [The following passage precedes Visitors 2.] Sometimes there would come half a dozen railroad men to my house at once—healthy and sturdy working men, descended from sound bodies of men, and still transmitting arms & legs & bowels from remote generations to posterity. They had a rude wisdom and courtesy which I love. downward from remote days to more remote. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal and a courtesy which I love thanks to their dear-bought experience. I met them so often in the woods—that they began to look upon me at last as one of their kin. One a handsome younger man a sailor-like—Greek-like man—says to me to-day—“Sir, I like your notions—I think I shall live so myself. Only I should like wilder country, where there is was more game. I have been among the Indians near Apallachicola. I have lived with them. I like your kind of life. Good-day, I wish you success and happiness." They came in troops on Sundays in clean shirts, with washed hands & faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. There appeared in some of these men even at a distance, a genuine magnanimity equal to Greek or Roman, of unexplored and uncontaminated descent—The expression of their grimmed & sunburnt features made me think of Epaminondas of Socrates & Cato. The most famous philosophers & poets seem in some respects infantile beside the easy and successful life of natural men. These faces—homely—hard and scarred like the rocks, but human & wise—embracing Copt, and Mussulman and all tribes & nations. One is a pacha or Sultan—Selim—or Mustapha or Mahmoud in disguise. Circumstances and employment may conceal for a season but they do not essentially alter the finer qualities of our nature. I observe among these men when I meet them on the road an ineradicable refinement & delicacy—as old as the sun & moon.—A fineness which is commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only. There is no more real rudeness in laborers & washer women—than in gentlemen and ladies. Under some ancient wrinkled, almost forlorn visage of an Indian chieftain slumbers all that was ever writ or spoken of man. You can tell a nobleman’s head though he may be shovelling gravel beneath it six rods off in the midst of a gang with a bandana handkerchief tied about it. Such as are to succeed the worthies of history. Their humble occupation which allows them to take no airs upon themselves seems their least disadvantage—Civilization seems to make bright only the superficial film of the eye. Most men are wrecked upon their consciousness.
B: (preceded by two leaves, #99-101, from A that were taken into B and renumbered, #117-119) men, descended from sound bodies, and still transmitting arms and legs and bowels downward from remote days to more remote. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal and a courtesy which I love, thanks to their dear-bought experience. I met them so often in the woods that they began to look upon me at last as one of their kin. One a handsome younger man, a sailor-like Greek-like man, says to me to-day—“Sir, I like your notions, I think I shall live so myself. Only I should like a wilder country where there is more game. I have been among the Indians near Apallachicola. I have lived with them. I like your kind of life. Good-day. I wish you success and happiness." They came in troops on Sundays, in clean shirts with washed hands & faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. Circumstances and employment affect but slowly the finer qualities of our nature. I observe observed in some of these men an inextinguishable and ineradicable refinement and delicacy of nature, older and of more worth than the sun & moon, which are commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only. Sometimes a genuine magnanimity more than Greek or Roman —equal to the least occasion, of unexplored and uncontaminated descent. Greater traits I seem to observe in them methought I noticed in the shortest intercourse, than are recorded of Epaminondas Socrates or Cato, With any of these worthies. They had faces homely, hard and seared like the rocks, but human and wise, embracing Copt and Mussulman, all races & nations. One is a pacha or Sultan—Selim—Mustapha or Mahmoud in disguise. There is no more real rudeness in laborers or washerwomen than in gentlemen & ladies. Under some ancient and wrinkled, almost forlorn visage, as of an Indian chieftan slumbers slumbered the world famous humanities qualities of man. There is the race, and you need look no further. You can tell a nobleman’s head among a thousand—though he may be shovelling gravel six rods off in the midst of a gang with cotton handkerchief tied about it. Such a one as is to succeed the worthies of history. Their humble occupation and that they take no airs upon themselves, are no disadvantage. Civilization makes bright only the superficial film of the eye. Most men are wrecked upon their consciences consciousness. A farmer who lived near the skirts of the wood would pay me a visit, and we took a sober view or even review of the state of the world, & many times we felt that it was good for us to have come together. We consumed many hours endeavoring to crack those old & now dry nuts on which so many philosophers & sour sectarians have left the marks of their teeth, but for the most part we got only the flavor of their shells. Those which are hardest to crack contain no meat & wise squirrels do not meddle with them
E: This passage follows Visitors 14b.

(Ronald Clapper)
I had three chairs in my house; one for solitude, two for friendship, three for society. When visitors came in larger and unexpected numbers there was but the third chair for them all, but they generally economized the room by standing up. It is surprising how many great men and women a small house will contain. I have had twenty-five or thirty souls, and with their with their with their with their with their with their with their with their bodies, at once under my roof, and yet we often parted without being aware that we had come very near to one other another another another another another another another . Our houses generally with their huge halls & garretts & cellars, seem to me extravagantly large for their inhabitants. One would certainly be somewhat astonished, if when the herald blew his summons before the Middle-sex House he should see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse Many of our houses with their innumerable apartments, their huge halls & cellars for the storage of wines & other munitions of peace, seem to me extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast & grim—that the latter appear to be only vermin that infest them. I am frequently astonished when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middle-sex House to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon as it appears slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses both public and private, with their innumerable apartments, their huge halls & cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, seem appear to me extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter appear seem to be only vermin that infest them. I am frequently astonished when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the doorstep Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement Many of our houses, both public and private, with their almost innumerable apartments, their huge halls and their cellars for the storage of wines and other munitions of peace, appear to be extravagantly large for their inhabitants. They are so vast and magnificent that the latter seem to be only vermin which infest them. I am surprised when the herald blows his summons before some Tremont or Astor or Middlesex House, to see come creeping out over the piazza for all inhabitants a ridiculous mouse, which soon again slinks into some hole in the pavement .
3
Visitors 3 written: A rewritten: B, E
E: A fair copy was made of only “thoughts to get into sailing trim … we gradually shoved our chairs”.

(Ronald Clapper)
One inconvenience however inconvenience however inconvenience inconvenience inconvenience inconvenience inconvenience inconvenience I sometimes experienced in so small a house, the difficulty of getting to a sufficient distance from my guest when we began to utter the big thoughts in big words. You want room for your thoughts to get into sailing trim and run a course or two before they make their port. The bullet of your thought must have overcome its lateral and ricochet motion and fallen into its last and steady course before it falls into falls into reaches reaches reaches reaches reaches reaches reaches the ear of the hearer, else it may plough out again again again again again again again again through the side of his head. Also, Also, Also, our sentences wanted room to unfold and form their columns in the interval. We need a considerable neutral ground—though it be a disputed territory, for individuals like nations must have suitable broad and natural boundaries even a considerable neutral ground—though it be a disputed territory between them.—The reason why the Kilkenny cats quarrelled and ate each other all up but the tails in that hollow sphere, certainly is that there was not room in that small space for their several spheres to revolve Individuals like nations must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, though it be a disputed territory, between them Individuals like nations must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, though it be a disputed territory, between them Individuals like nations must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, though it be a disputed territory, between them Individuals like nations must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, though it be a disputed territory, between them Individuals, like nations, must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, between them Individuals, like nations, must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, between them Individuals, like nations, must have suitable broad and natural boundaries, even a considerable neutral ground, between them . I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. I have found it a singular luxury to talk across the pond to a companion on the opposite side. or did you ever talk to the sexton across an empty meeting house after the audience had gone? It is easy to be eloquent at such a time In or did you ever talk to the sexton across an empty meeting house after the audience had gone were gone out? It is easy to be eloquent at such a time. In or did you ever talk to the sexton across an empty meeting house after the audience had gone were gone out? It is easy to be eloquent at such a time. In or did you ever talk to the sexton across an empty meeting house after the audience had gone were gone out? It is easy to be eloquent at such a time. In and did you ever talk to the sexton across an empty meeting-house after the audience were gone out? It is easy to be eloquent at such a time and in such a place. In In In In my house we were so near that we could not begin to begin to begin to begin to begin to begin to begin to begin to hear,— and or we could not and we could not and we could not and we could not and we could not nor could we we could not we could not we could not we could not speak low enough to be heard; as when you throw two stones into calm water but so so so so so so so so near that they break each other’s undulations. If we are very very very very very merely merely merely merely loquacious and loud talkers, then indeed then indeed then indeed then indeed then indeed then then then we can afford to stand very near together, cheek by jowl, and shoulder to shoulder shoulder to shoulder, and cheek by jowl, and shoulder to shoulder shoulder to shoulder, and cheek by jowl, and shoulder to shoulder shoulder to shoulder, and cheek by jowl, and shoulder to shoulder shoulder to shoulder, and cheek by jowl cheek by jowl, cheek by jowl, cheek by jowl, and feel each other’s breath; and feel each other’s breath; and feel each other’s breath; and feel each other’s breath; but if we speak reservedly and thoughtfully, we want to be farther apart, But if we would be silent we must commonly be so far apart that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voices in any case & that is what we commonly mean by solitude But Indeed if we would be silent & yet enjoy the most intimate society we must commonly be so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voices in any case, and though this is what men commonly mean by call solitude But Indeed if we would be silent & yet enjoy the most intimate society we must commonly be so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voices in any case, and though this is what men commonly mean by call solitude But Indeed if we would be silent & yet enjoy the most intimate society we must commonly be so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voices in any case, and though this is what men commonly mean by call solitude If we would be silent, and enjoy the most intimate society, we must be that all animal heat and moisture may have a chance to evaporate. If we would enjoy the most intimate society with that in each of us which is without or above being spoken to, we must not only be silent but commonly so far apart bodily, that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voices in any case, though this is what men commonly call solitude. Referred to this standard speech is for the convenience of those who are hard of hearing but there are many fine things which we cannot say if we have to shout that all animal heat and moisture may have a chance to evaporate. If we would enjoy the most intimate society with that in each of us which is without, or above, being spoken to, we must not only be silent, but commonly so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voice in any case. Referred to this standard, speech is for the convenience of those who are hard of hearing; but there are many fine things which we cannot say if we have to shout that all animal heat and moisture may have a chance to evaporate. If we would enjoy the most intimate society with that in each of us which is without, or above, being spoken to, we must not only be silent, but commonly so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voice in any case. Referred to this standard, speech is for the convenience of those who are hard of hearing; but there are many fine things which we cannot say if we have to shout that all animal heat and moisture may have a chance to evaporate. If we would enjoy the most intimate society with that in each of us which is without, or above, being spoken to, we must not only be silent, but commonly so far apart bodily that we cannot possibly hear each other’s voice in any case. Referred to this standard, speech is for the convenience of those who are hard of hearing; but there are many fine things which we cannot say if we have to shout . As the conversation began to assume a loftier and grander tone& this was always the case when it was successful tone tone tone tone tone tone tone , we gradually shoved our chairs farther apart till they touched the wall in opposite corners, and then sometimes sometimes commonly commonly commonly commonly commonly commonly there was not room enough. If you do not want the fire to smoke you must not stand too near it, so as to divert the current of the chimney’s inspiration enough. If you do not want the fire to smoke you must not stand too near it, so as to divert the current of the chimney’s inspiration enough enough enough enough enough enough .
4
Visitors 4 written: A rewritten: B

(Ronald Clapper)
My “best" room, however, however, however, however, however, however, however, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, my withdrawing room, always ready for company, on whose carpet the sun rarely fell, for its green blinds were kept always closed fell, for its green blinds were kept always closed fell fell fell fell fell fell , was the pine wood behind my house. There when distinguished guests came in summer days There in summer days when distinguished guests came in summer days Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, Thither in summer days, when distinguished guests came, I took them, and Nature was my domestic that Nature was my domestic that a priceless domestic a priceless domestic a priceless domestic a priceless domestic a priceless domestic a priceless domestic swept the floor and dusted the furniture and kept the things in order.
5
Visitors 5 written: A rewritten: B
A: “You need not rest your reputation … never revisit those scenes” is interlined in pencil.
B: A fair copy was made of only “if one guest came … bread enough for two, more than if eating”. A leaf (#109) from A containing the rest of Visitors 5 and the first half of Visitors 6 was taken into B and renumbered (#127).

(Ronald Clapper)
If one guest came to my house came to my house came came came came came came he sometimes partook of my frugal meal, and it was no interruption to conversation to be stirring a hasty-pudding,in the meanwhile hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, hasty-pudding, or watching the rising and maturing of a loaf of bread in the ashes, in the mean while. But if twenty came and sat in my house there was nothing said about dinner, though there might be bread enough for two, more than if eating were a forsaken habit; but we naturally practised abstinence; and this was never felt to be an offence against hospitality, but the most proper and considerate course. The waste and decay of physical life, which so often needs repair, seemed miraculously retarded in such a case in such a case in such a case in such a case in such a case in such a case in such a case in such a case , and the vital vigor stood its ground. I could entertain thus a thousand as well as twenty; and I am not aware that if if if if if if if if any ever went away disappointed or hungry from my house when they found me at home, they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least they may depend upon it that I sympathized with them at least . So easy is it, though many housekeepers doubt it, to establish new and better customs in the place of the old. I mention this to show that you You You You You You You You need not rest your reputation on the dinners you give. For my own part, I was never so effectually deterred from frequenting a man’s house, by any kind of Cerberus whatever, as by the parade he made of one made about one made about one made about one made about one made about one made about one made about dining me, which I took to be a very polite and roundabout hint never to trouble him so again. I think I shall never revisit those scenes. To quote the lines I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser I should be proud to have for the motto of my cabin those lines of Spenser which one of my visitors inscribed on a yellow walnut leaf and which may make part of the motto of my house for a card for a card for a card for a card for a card for a card for a card :—
 
“Arrivéd there, the little house they fill,
 
Ne looke for entertainment where none was;
 
Rest is their feast, and all things at their will:
 
The noblest mind the best contentment has."
6
Visitors 6 written: A rewritten: B, C
B & C: Fair copies were made of only “savages’ barbarous singing … no deficiency in this respect”.

(Ronald Clapper)
When Winslow, afterward governor of the Plymouth Colony, went with a companion on a visit of ceremony to Massassoit on foot through the woods, and arrived tired and hungry at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, at his lodge, they were well received by the king, but nothing was said about eating that day. When the night arrived, to quote their own words,—“He laid us on the bed with himself and his wife, they at the one end and we at the other, it being only plank, laid a foot from the ground and a thin mat upon them. Two more of his chief men, for want of room, pressed by and upon us; so that we were worse weary of our lodging than of our journey." At one o’clock the next day Massassoit "brought two fishes that he had shot," about thrice as big as a bream; “these being boiled, there were at least forty looked for a share in them. The most ate of them. This meal only we had in two nights and a day; and had not one of us bought a partridge, we had taken our journey fasting." For fear Fearing that they should be light-headed for want of food & also sleep on account of owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing (for they used to sing themselves asleep)," and for want of food, and that they might get home while they had strength to travel—they departed. The fact was—the Indians had nothing to eat themselves—and they were wiser than to think that apologies & ceremony could supply the place of food to their guests—and so they drew their belts tighter & said nothing about it—As for lodging indeed they were but poorly entertained, but as far as eating was concerned I do not see how the Indians could have done better. This was a time of fasting with them. At another time when Winslow visited them—they he got as much to eat as he got little before savages’ barbarous singing (for they used to sing themselves asleep)," and for want of food and in order that they might get home while they had strength to travel they departed. As for lodging, it must be confessed that the whites were but poorly entertained, but as far as eating was concerned I do not see how the Indians could have done better. The fact was the Indians had nothing to eat themselves, it was a time of involuntary fasting with them and they were wiser than to think that apologies & ceremony could supply the place of food to their guests, and so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. As for lodging, indeed, they were but poorly entertained, but as far as eating was concerned I do not see how the Indians could have done better. This was a time of fasting with them savages’ barbarous singing (for they used to sing themselves asleep)" and in order that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it must be confessed that the whites were but poorly entertained, but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies & ceremony could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter, and said nothing about it Fearing that they would be light-headed for want of food and also sleep, owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing, (for they use to sing themselves asleep,)" and that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it is true they were but poorly entertained, though what they found an inconvenience was no doubt intended for an honor; but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. Another time when Winslow visited them, it being a season of plenty with them, there was no deficiency in this respect Fearing that they would be light-headed for want of food and also sleep, owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing, (for they use to sing themselves asleep,)" and that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it is true they were but poorly entertained, though what they found an inconvenience was no doubt intended for an honor; but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. Another time when Winslow visited them, it being a season of plenty with them, there was no deficiency in this respect Fearing that they would be light-headed for want of food and also sleep, owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing, (for they use to sing themselves asleep,)" and that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it is true they were but poorly entertained, though what they found an inconvenience was no doubt intended for an honor; but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. Another time when Winslow visited them, it being a season of plenty with them, there was no deficiency in this respect Fearing that they would be light-headed for want of food and also sleep, owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing, (for they use to sing themselves asleep,)" and that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it is true they were but poorly entertained, though what they found an inconvenience was no doubt intended for an honor; but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. Another time when Winslow visited them, it being a season of plenty with them, there was no deficiency in this respect Fearing that they would be light-headed for want of food and also sleep, owing to “the savages’ barbarous singing, (for they use to sing themselves asleep,)" and that they might get home while they had strength to travel, they departed. As for lodging, it is true they were but poorly entertained, though what they found an inconvenience was no doubt intended for an honor; but as far as eating was concerned, I do not see how the Indians could have done better. They had nothing to eat themselves, and they were wiser than to think that apologies could supply the place of food to their guests; so they drew their belts tighter and said nothing about it. Another time when Winslow visited them, it being a season of plenty with them, there was no deficiency in this respect .
7
Visitors 7 written: A rewritten: E
A & E: “But fewer came to see me on trivial business … uncultivated continents on the other side” does not appear in the manuscript in A or in the original copying of E but is interlined in pencil in E.

(Ronald Clapper)
As for men, they will hardly fail one any where. I have had more of their society since while have had more of their society since while have had more of their society since while have had more of their society since while had more of their society visitors while had more visitors while had more visitors while had more visitors while I lived in the woods than at any other period in my life; I mean that I had some. I mean that I had some. I mean that I had some. I met many men I met many men I met many men I met many men & I met many several I met several I met several I met several there under more favorable circumstances than I could any where else. Yet Yet Yet Yet Yet But But But fewer came to see me on trivial businessit is true. businessit is true. businessit is true. businessit is true. businessit is true. business. business. business. In this respect, my company was winnowed by my mere distance from town. I had withdrawn so far into within into within into within into within into within within within within the great ocean of solitude, into which the rivers of society empty, that for the most part, so far as my needs were concerned, only the finest sediment was deposited where I was. Also around me. Beside where I was. Also around me. Beside where I was. Also around me. Beside where I was. Also around me. Beside where I was. Also around me. Beside around me. Beside, around me. Beside, around me. Beside, there were wafted to me evidences of unexplored and uncultivated continents on the other side.
8a
Visitors 8a written: A rewritten: E
A: Visitors 8-13 appears in the following order—8a, 10a, 12a, 11b, 8b, 11a, 10b, 13a, 11d, 11f, and 13b.

(Ronald Clapper)
Who should come to my lodge this morning but a true Homeric or Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian or a Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian or Paphlagonian man,— Alex Therien—(terren, Alexander the Farmer) he calls himself he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, Alex Therien—(terren, Alexander the Farmer) he calls himself he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, Alex Therien—(terren, Alexander the Farmer) he calls himself he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, Alex Therien—(terren, Alexander the Farmer) he calls himself he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, Alex Therien—(terren, Alexander the Farmer) he calls himself he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, he had so suitable and poetic a name that I am sorry I cannot print it here, —a Canadian, a wood-chopper and post-maker, who can hole fifty posts in a day, who made his last supper on a woodchuck which his dog caught. He, too, has heard of Homer, and, “if it were not for books," would “not know what to do rainy days," though perhaps he has not read one wholly through for many rainy seasons. Some priest who could pronounce the Greek itself taught him to read his verse in the testament at Nicolèt, away by the Trois Riviers once at Nicolèt, away by the Trois Riviers once at Nicolèt, away by the Trois Riviers once at Nicolèt, away by the Trois Riviers once at Nicolèt, away by the Trois Riviers once in his native parish far away in his native parish far away in his native parish far away in his native parish far away ; and now I must translate to him, while he holds the book, Achilles’ reproof to Patroclus for his sad countenance.—“Why are you in tears, Patroclus, like a young girl?"—
 
“Or have you alone heard some news from Phthia?
 
They say that Menœtius lives yet, son of Actor,
 
And Peleus lives, son of Æacus, among the Myrmidons,
 
Either of whom dead having died, having died, having died, having died, having died, having died, having died, having died, we should greatly grieve."
He says, “That’s good." He has a great bundle of white-oak bark under his arm for a sick man, gathered this Sunday morning. “I suppose there’s no harm in going after such a thing to-day," says he. says he. says he. says he. He had heard of Homer. To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about under the sun he did not know. I have since seen Therien many times He had heard of Homer. To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about under the sun he did not know. I have since seen Therien many times He had heard of Homer. To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about under the sun he did not know. I have since seen Therien many times He had heard of Homer. To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about under the sun he did not know. I have since seen Therien many times To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about under the sun he did not know. I have since seen him many times To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about he did not know To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about he did not know To him Homer was a great writer, though what his writing was about he did not know . A more simple and natural man I never saw it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. it would be hard to find. Vice and disease, which cast such a sombre moral hue over the world, had had had had had appeared to seemed to have seemed to have seemed to have seemed to have hardly any existence for him. He left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years ago to work in the states, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years ago to work in the states, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years ago to work in the states, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years ago to work in the states, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years ago to work in the States, and earn money perhaps to buy a farm with at last in his native country. He was about twenty-eight years old & had left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years before to work in the States, and earn money to buy a farm with at last perhaps in his native country He was about twenty-eight years old, and had left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years before to work in the States, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He was about twenty-eight years old, and had left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years before to work in the States, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country He was about twenty-eight years old, and had left Canada and his father’s house a dozen years before to work in the States, and earn money to buy a farm with at last, perhaps in his native country . 8b
Visitors 8b written: A rewritten: E
A: Visitors 8b follows Visitors 11b.

(Ronald Clapper)
He was about 28 years old—stout & sluggish, with a strong thick fleshy & sunburnt neck & dark bushy hair & dull sleepy & quiet blue eye—breathed hard and smelled of his work He was about 28 years old—stout & sluggish, with a strong thick fleshy & sunburnt neck & dark bushy hair & dull sleepy & quiet blue eye—breathed hard and smelled of his work He was about 28 years old—stout & sluggish, with a strong thick fleshy & sunburnt neck & dark bushy hair & dull sleepy & quiet blue eye—breathed hard and smelled of his work He was about 28 years old—stout & sluggish, with a strong thick fleshy & sunburnt neck & dark bushy hair & dull sleepy & quiet blue eye—breathed hard and smelled of his work He was about twenty-eight years old, cast in the coarsest mould, sluggish and stout of a stout but sluggish body with a strong thick fleshy sunburnt neck, dark bushy hair, and dull sleepy blue eyes, breathed hard and smelled of his work He was cast in the coarsest mould; a stout but sluggish body, yet gracefully carried, with a thick sunburnt neck, dark bushy hair, and dull sleepy blue eyes, which were occasionally lit up with expression He was cast in the coarsest mould; a stout but sluggish body, yet gracefully carried, with a thick sunburnt neck, dark bushy hair, and dull sleepy blue eyes, which were occasionally lit up with expression He was cast in the coarsest mould; a stout but sluggish body, yet gracefully carried, with a thick sunburnt neck, dark bushy hair, and dull sleepy blue eyes, which were occasionally lit up with expression . He wore a flat gray cloth cap, a dingy wool-colored greatcoat which draped and concealed his body greatcoat which draped and concealed his body greatcoat which draped and concealed his body greatcoat which draped and concealed his body greatcoat which draped and concealed his body greatcoat greatcoat greatcoat , and cowhide boots. He was strong-limbed and was was was was was was was a great consumer of meat, usually carrying his dinner to his work a couple of miles past my house,—for he chopped all summer,—in a tin pail; cold meats, often cold woodchucks which his dog had caught woodchucks which his dog had caught woodchucks which his dog had caught woodchucks which his dog had caught woodchucks which his dog had caught woodchucks woodchucks woodchucks , and coffee in a stone bottle which dangled by a string from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; from his belt; and sometimes he offered me a drink. He came along early, crossing my bean-field, though without any anxiety anxiety anxiety anxiety anxiety anxiety anxiety anxiety or haste to get to his work, such as Yankees exhibit. He wasn’t a-going to hurt himself. He didn’t care if he only earned his board. He wasn’t a-going to hurt himself. He didn’t care if he only earned his board. He wasn’t a-going to hurt himself. He didn’t care if he only earned his board. Frequently he would leave his dinner in the bushes, when his dog had caught a woodchuck by the way, by the way, by the way, by the way, by the way, by the way, by the way, by the way, and go back a mile and a half to dress it and leave it in the cellar of the house where he boarded, after deliberating first first first for half an hour whether he could not sink it in the pond safely till nightfall,—loving to dwell long upon these themes. He would say, as he went by in the morning, “How thick the pigeons are! If working every day were not my trade, I could get all the meat I should want by hunting,—pigeons, woodchucks, rabbits, partridges,—by George gosh gosh gosh gosh gosh gosh gosh gosh ! I could get all I should want for a week in one day."
9
Visitors 9 written: C rewritten: E
C & E: Visitors 9, which was interlined in pencil in C, follows Visitors 10b and precedes Visitors 12a.

(Ronald Clapper)
He was a skilful chopper, and indulged in some flourishes and ornaments in his art. He cut his trees so level so level so level level level level and close to the ground, that a sled could slide over them that a sled could slide over them that a sled could slide over them the stumps, and because the sprouts that came up afterward were the better for it that the sprouts which came up afterward might be more vigorous and a sled might slide over the stumps that the sprouts which came up afterward might be more vigorous and a sled might slide over the stumps that the sprouts which came up afterward might be more vigorous and a sled might slide over the stumps ; and instead of leaving a whole tree to support his corded wood, he would pare it away to a slender stake or splinter which you could break off with your hand at last.
10a
Visitors 10a written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 10a follows Visitors 8a and precedes Visitors 12a.

(Ronald Clapper)
He interested me because he was so happy—so solitary—so quiet quiet & solitary & so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy quiet and solitary and so happy withal; withal; withal; withal; withal; withal; He was a well He was a well He was a world well He was a world well He was a well a well a well a well of good humor and happiness contentment contentment contentment contentment contentment contentment contentment contentment which overflowed at his eyes. His mirth was without alloy. 10b
Visitors 10b written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 10b follows Visitors 11a and precedes Visitors 13a.

(Ronald Clapper)
Sometimes I saw him at his own his own his own his his his his his work in the woods, felling trees, and he would greet me with a laugh of inexpressible satisfaction, and a salutation in Canadian French, though he spoke English as well, and when I asked him in which he thought now, or if he spoke aloud to himself which language he used—you know we sometimes talk to ourselves—“Yes—some times" answered he—He said it was in English well, and when I asked him in which he thought now, or if he spoke aloud to himself which language he used—you know we sometimes talk to ourselves—“Yes—some times" answered he—He said it was in English well—and when I asked him in which he thought now, or if he spoke aloud to himself, which language he used—you know we sometimes talk to ourselves—Yes, sometimes—he said it was in English well—and when I asked him in which he thought now, or if he spoke aloud to himself, which language he used—you know we sometimes talk to ourselves—Yes, sometimes—he said it was in English well, and when I asked him in which he thought now, or, if he spoke aloud to himself, which language he used, you know we sometimes talk to ourselves, said I—“Yes, sometimes," he would reply—He said it was English well well well . When I approached him he would suspend his work, and with half-suppressed mirth lie along the trunk of a tree which he had felled and peeling off the pine bark, roll it up in tree which he had felled and peeling off the pine bark, roll it up in tree which he had felled, and peeling off the pine bark, roll it up into tree which he had felled, and peeling off the pine bark, roll it up into pine tree which he had felled, and peeling off the bark, roll it up into pine which he had felled, and, peeling off the inner bark, roll it up into pine which he had felled, and, peeling off the inner bark, roll it up into pine which he had felled, and, peeling off the inner bark, roll it up into a ball and chew it while he laughed and talked. Such an exuberance of animal spirits had he that he would sometimes tumble down and roll would sometimes tumble down and roll would sometimes tumble down and roll would sometimes tumble down and roll would sometimes tumble down and roll sometimes tumbled down and rolled sometimes tumbled down and rolled sometimes tumbled down and rolled on the ground with laughter at any thing which made him think and tickled him. Looking round upon the trees he would say exclaim,—By George—I can enjoy myself well enough in the woods here chopping—I want no better sport. Looking round upon the trees he would exclaim,—“By George! I can enjoy myself well enough here chopping; I want no better sport." Looking round upon the trees he would exclaim,—“By George! I can enjoy myself well enough here chopping; I want no better sport." Looking round upon the trees he would exclaim,—“By George! I can enjoy myself well enough here chopping; I want no better sport." Sometimes, when at leisure, he would amuse himself all day in the woods with a little pocket pistol firing salutes of powder to himself at regular intervals as he travelled—and would occasionally steal up behind my house and fire a stout charge—& laugh loudly at my surprise or at his own trick He loved also to frighten his dog when alone with him in the woods—by pointing his pistol at him & firing powder only would amuse himself all day in the woods with a little pocket pistol firing salutes of powder to himself at regular intervals as he travelled—and would occasionally steal up behind my house and fire a stout charge—& laugh loudly at my surprise or at his own trick He loved also to frighten his dog when alone with him in the woods—by pointing his pistol at him & firing powder only would amuse himself all day in the woods with a little pocket pistol firing salutes of powder to himself at regular intervals as he travelled and would occasionally steal up behind my house and fire a stout charge, and laugh loudly at my surprise or at his own trick. He loved also to frighten his dog when alone with him in the woods by pointing his pistol at him and firing powder only would amuse himself all day in the woods with a little pocket pistol firing salutes of powder to himself at regular intervals as he travelled and would occasionally steal up behind my house and fire a stout charge, and laugh loudly at my surprise or at his own trick. He loved also to frighten his dog when alone with him in the woods by pointing his pistol at him and firing powder only would amuse himself all day in the woods with a little pocket pistol firing salutes to himself at regular intervals as he travelled or he would frighten his dog by pointing his pistol at him and firing powder only and would occasionally he would steal up be-hind my house and fire a stout charge, and laugh loudly at my surprise or his own trick. He loved also to frighten his dog when alone with him in his woods by pointing his pistol at him and firing powder only amused himself all day in the woods with a pocket pistol, firing salutes to himself at regular intervals as he walked amused himself all day in the woods with a pocket pistol, firing salutes to himself at regular intervals as he walked amused himself all day in the woods with a pocket pistol, firing salutes to himself at regular intervals as he walked . In winter days when chopping in the woods he had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a tin kettle, and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner. He told me that the chickadees would come round & light on his arm and peck at the potatoe in his fingers, & he added “I like" said that he “liked to have the little fellers about me him. In winter days when chopping in the woods he had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a tin kettle, and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner. He told me that the chickadees would come round & light on his arm and peck at the potatoe in his fingers, & he added “I like" said that he “liked to have the little fellers about me him. In winter he chopped in the woods and had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a tin kettle and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would come round and light on his arm and peck at the potatoe in his fingers, and he said that he “liked to have the little fellers about him." In winter he chopped in the woods and had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a tin kettle and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would come round and light on his arm and peck at the potatoe in his fingers, and he said that he “liked to have the little fellers about him." In the winter he chopped in the woods and had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a tin kettle, and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would sometimes come round and light alight on his arm and peck at the potatoe in his fingers, and he said that he “liked to have the little fellers about him." In the winter he had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a kettle; and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would sometimes come round and alight on his arm and peck at the potato in his fingers; and he said that he “liked to have the little about him." In the winter he had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a kettle; and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would sometimes come round and alight on his arm and peck at the potato in his fingers; and he said that he “liked to have the little about him." In the winter he had a fire by which at noon he warmed his coffee in a kettle; and as he sat on a log to eat his dinner the chickadees would sometimes come round and alight on his arm and peck at the potato in his fingers; and he said that he “liked to have the little about him."
11a
Visitors 11a written: A rewritten: B, C, E
A: Visitors 11a follows Visitors 8b and precedes Visitors 10b.
B: Visitors 11a follows Visitors 11e and precedes Visitors 12b.
C: Visitors 11-12 appears in the following order—12a, 12c, 11b, 11c, 11d, 11f, 11a, and 12b.

(Ronald Clapper)
In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. In him the animal man chiefly was developed. If others had cultivated their intellectual faculties till they astonished him—his physical contentment and endurance—like the a cousin to the pine & the rock was equally astonishing to them If others had cultivated their intellectual faculties till they astonished him, his In physical contentment & endurance like a he was cousin to the pine and the rock was equally astonishing to them in physical contentment & endurance he was cousin to the pine & the rock in physical contentment & endurance he was cousin to the pine & the rock In physical contentment and endurance and contentment he was cousin to the pine and the rock In physical endurance and contentment he was cousin to the pine and the rock In physical endurance and contentment he was cousin to the pine and the rock In physical endurance and contentment he was cousin to the pine and the rock . I asked him once if he was not sometimes tired at night, after working all day; and he answered, with a sincere and serious look, quite truthful look, quite truthful look, quite truthful look, quite truthful look, quite truthful look look look , "Gorrappit, I never was tired in my life." It sounded like the triumph of the physical man It sounded like the triumph of the physical man But the intellectual and spiritual man in him were slumbering like an infant It sounded like the triumph of the physical man. But the intellectual and spiritual man in him were slumbering like as in an infant It sounded like the triumph of the physical man. But the intellectual and spiritual man in him were slumbering like as in an infant It sounded like the triumph of the physical man. But the intellectual and what is called spiritual man in him were slumbering as in an infant But the intellectual and what is called spiritual man in him were slumbering as in an infant But the intellectual and what is called spiritual man in him were slumbering as in an infant But the intellectual and what is called spiritual man in him were slumbering as in an infant . 11b
Visitors 11b written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 11b follows Visitors 12a and precedes Visitors 8b.
C: Visitors 11b follows Visitors 12c.

(Ronald Clapper)
He had been instructed only in that innocent and ineffectual way in which the Catholic priests teach the aborigines, in in in in in by by by by which the pupil is never educated to the degree of consciousness, but only to the degree of trust and reverence, and a child is not made a man, but kept a child. When Nature made him, she gave him contentment for his portion, a strong body and health and propped him, as it were contentment for his portion, a strong body and health and propped him, as it were contentment for his portion, a strong body & contentment for his portion, and propped him a strong body and contentment for his portion, and propped him a strong body and contentment for his portion, and propped him a strong body and contentment for his portion, and propped him a strong body and contentment for his portion, and propped him a strong body and contentment for his portion, and propped him on every side with reverence and reliance, that he might live out his threescore years and ten a child. 11c
Visitors 11c written: B rewritten: C, E
B: Visitors 11c follows Visitors 13b and precedes Visitors 11e.

(Ronald Clapper)
He was so genuine and unsophisticated that He was so genuine and unsophisticated that He was so genuine and unsophisticated that He was so genuine and unsophisticated that He was so genuine and unsophisticated that He was so genuine and unsophisticated that no introduction would serve to introduce him, more than if you introduced a woodchuck to your neighbor. He had got to find him out as you did. He would not play any part, Like all children he lived amused himself chiefly alone, not in society, nor where rumor and fame reach part part part part part part . Men helped to feed & clothe him & paid him his wages for work Men helped to feed & clothe him & paid him his wages for work Men helped to feed & clothe him & paid him his wages for work Men helped to feed & clothe him & paid him his wages for work & so helped to feed & clothe him Men paid him wages for work, and so helped to feed and clothe him Men paid him wages for work, and so helped to feed and clothe him Men paid him wages for work, and so helped to feed and clothe him ; but he never exchanged opinions with them. 11d
Visitors 11d written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 11d follows Visitors 13a and precedes Visitors 11f.

(Ronald Clapper)
He was so simply and naturally humble— if he can be called humble who never aspires if he can be called humble who never aspires if he can be called humble who never aspires if he can be called humble who never aspires —that humility was no distinct quality in him, nor could he conceive of it. Wiser men were demigods to him. 11e
Visitors 11e written: B rewritten: E
B: Visitors 11e follows Visitors 11c and precedes Visitors 11a.
E: Visitors 11e is interlined in pencil in its present position.
B: Visitors 11e appears as follows. He never heard the sound of praise. If I told him that a wise man was coming to see him he did not know nor think how he would behave more than if I told him an archangel were coming—but he did as if he thought that anything so grand would expect nothing of himself but take all the responsibility on itself, and let him be forgotten still

(Ronald Clapper)
If you told him that such a one were were were were was was was coming, he did as if he thought that any thing so grand would expect nothing of himself, but take all the responsibility on itself, and let him be forgotten still. He never heard the sound of praise. 11f
Visitors 11f written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 11f follows Visitors 11d and precedes Visitors 13b.
C: Visitors 11f follows Visitors 11d and precedes Visitors 11a.

(Ronald Clapper)
He particularly reverenced the writer and the preacher. Their performances were miracles. When I told him that I wrote a good deal, a good deal, a good deal considerably, considerably, considerably, considerably, considerably, considerably, he thought for a long time that it was merely the handwriting which which which which which which which which I meant spoke of meant meant meant meant meant meant meant , n
Note: “meant" copied and “spoke of" interlined as a variant. (R. Clapper)
for he could write remarkably well himself, indeed much better than I commonly do for he could write remarkably well himself, indeed much better than I commonly do for he could write remarkably well himself, indeed much better than I commonly do for he could write remarkably well himself, indeed much better than I commonly do for he could write a remarkably good hand himself, much better than I commonly do for he could write a remarkably good hand himself for he could write a remarkably good hand himself for he could write a remarkably good hand himself . I sometimes found the name of his native parish handsomely written in the snow by the highway, with the proper French accent, and knew that he had passed. I sometimes found the name of his native parish handsomely written in the snow by the highway, with the proper French accent, and knew that he had passed. I sometimes found the name of his native parish handsomely written in the snow by the highway, with the proper French accent, and knew that he had passed. I sometimes found the name of his native parish handsomely written in the snow by the highway, with the proper French accent, and knew that he had passed. I asked him if he ever wished to write his thoughts. He said that he had read and written letters for those who could not, but he never tried to write thoughts,—no, he could not, he could not tell what to put first, it would kill him, and then there was spelling to be attended to at the same time!
12a
Visitors 12a written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 12a follows Visitors 10a and precedes Visitors 11b.
C: Visitors 12a follows Visitors 10b and precedes Visitors 12c.

(Ronald Clapper)
I heard that a wise man the chief of all the Reformers wise man the chief of all the Reformers wise man distinguished reformer distinguished wise man & reformer distinguished wise man and reformer distinguished wise man and reformer distinguished wise man and reformer distinguished wise man and reformer distinguished wise man and reformer asked him if he did not want the world to be changed; and and and but but but but but but he answered with a chuckle of surprise in his Canadian accent, not knowing that the question had ever been entertained before, “No, he liked he liked he liked he liked he liked I like I like I like I like it well enough." It would suggest have suggested have suggested have suggested have suggested have suggested have suggested have suggested have suggested many things to a philosopher to have dealings with him Indeed he was himself a philosopher in his way, & could take his own views of things have dealings with him Indeed he was himself a philosopher in his way, & could take his own views of things have dealings with him Indeed he was himself a philosopher in his way, & could take his own views of things have dealings with him Indeed he was himself a philosopher in his way, & could take his own views of things have had dealings with him have dealings with him have dealings with him have dealings with him . 12b
Visitors 12b written: B rewritten: C, E
B: Visitors 12b, 14b and 15a are inserted on the verso of the leaf that contains Visitors 11c, 11e and 11a.
E: A fair copy was made of only “To a stranger he appeared … as wise as Shakspeare, or as simply”.

(Ronald Clapper)
To a stranger he would appear appeared appeared appeared appeared appeared appeared to know nothing of things in general; yet I sometimes saw in him a man whom I had not known seen seen seen seen seen seen before, and I did not know whether he was as wise as Shakspeare or as simply ignorant as a child, whether to suspect him of a fine poetic consciousness or of stupidity. 12c
Visitors 12c written: A rewritten: C
A & C: Visitors 12c, which is interlined in pencil in A, follows Visitors 12a and precedes Visitors 11b.

(Ronald Clapper)
My friends said My friends said One of my friends said A townsman told me A townsman told me A townsman told me A townsman told me A townsman told me that when he met him sauntering through the village in his small close-fitting cap, and whistling to himself, and whistling to himself, and whistling to himself, and whistling to himself, and whistling to himself, and whistling to himself, he reminded him of a prince in disguise.
13a
Visitors 13a written: A rewritten: C
A: Visitors 13a follows Visitors 10b and precedes Visitors 11d.
C: Visitors 13a follows Visitors 12b.

(Ronald Clapper)
His only books were an almanac and an arithmetic, in which last especially he was quite especially he was quite especially he was quite rather he was considerably he was considerably he was considerably he was considerably he was considerably expert. The former was a sort of universal lexicon universal lexicon universal lexicon cyclopædia cyclopædia cyclopædia cyclopædia cyclopædia to him, which he supposed contained to contain to contain to contain to contain to contain to contain to contain an abstract of human knowledge, as indeed it does to a considerable extent. as indeed it does to a considerable extent. as indeed it does to a considerable extent. as indeed it does to a considerable extent. as indeed it does to a considerable extent. I loved to sound him on all the the various the various the various the various the various the various the various reforms of the day, and he rarely rarely rarely never never never never never failed to look at them in the most simple and practical light and as they concerned him light and as they concerned him light and as they concerned him light light light light light . He had never heard of such things before. He allowed that he might dispense with many articles of commerce to advantage Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. Could he do without factories? I asked. He had worn the home-made Vermont gray, he said, he said, he said, he said, he said, he said, he said, and that was good. If I didn’t like factories—was it necessary to send abroad for our drink? Did he ever drink anything beside water which the country afforded? If I didn’t like factories—was it necessary to send abroad for our drink? Did he ever drink anything beside water which the country afforded? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did the country afford any beverage? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did this country afford any beverage beside water? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did this country afford any beverage beside water? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did this country afford any beverage beside water? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did this country afford any beverage beside water? Could he dispense with tea and coffee? Did this country afford any beverage beside water? He had soaked hemlock leaves in water and drank it in Canada, it in Canada, it in Canada, it, it, it, it, it, and thought thought thought thought thought that was better than water in warm weather. Could he When I asked him once if he could do without money and When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money When I asked him if he could do without money , he showed the convenience of money in such a way as to suggest and coincide with the most philosophical accounts of the origin of this institution, and the very derivation of the word . If an ox were his property, and he wished to get needles or thread needles and thread needles and thread needles and thread needles and thread needles and thread needles and thread needles and thread at the store, he thought it would be inconvenient and impossible soon to go on mortgaging some fraction portion portion portion portion portion portion portion of the creature each time to that amount. He could defend many institutions better than any philosopher, because, in describing them as they concerned him, he gave the true reason for their prevalence, and speculation had not suggested to him any other. He could defend many institutions better than any philosopher, because, in describing them as they concerned him, he gave the true reason for their prevalence, and speculation had not suggested to him any other. He could defend many institutions better than any philosopher, because, in describing them as they concerned him, he gave the true reason for their prevalence, and speculation had not suggested to him any other. He could defend many institutions better than any philosopher, because, in describing them as they concerned him, he gave the true reason for their prevalence, and speculation had not suggested to him any other. He could defend many institutions better than any philosopher, because, in describing them as they concerned him, he gave the true reason for their prevalence, and speculation had not suggested to him any other. 13b
Visitors 13b written: A rewritten: C, E
A: Visitors 13b follows Visitors 11f.
C: Visitors 13b is interlined in pencil in its present order.
E: A fair copy was made of only “without feathers, —and that one exhibited … ”knees“ bent the wrong way”.

(Ronald Clapper)
Speaking of Speaking of Hearing At another time, hearing At another time, hearing At another time, hearing At another time, hearing At another time, hearing Plato’s definition of a man,— one day, he said that the knee of the cock turned the other way from man’s, and that was an important difference a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way a biped without feathers,—and that one exhibited a cock plucked and called it Plato’s man, he thought it an important difference that the bent the wrong way . 13c
Visitors 13c written: A rewritten: C, E

(Ronald Clapper)
He would exclaim sometimes after conversing with me several hours sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, sometimes exclaim, “How I love to talk! By George, I could talk all day! You make me think of things I never thought of before day!" day!" day!" day!" day!" day!" day!" 13d
Visitors 13d written: E
E: “He would sometimes ask me … honesty and the like virtues” is interlined in pencil.

(Ronald Clapper)
I asked him one afternoon once once once once when I had not seen him for many months, if he had got a new idea this summer. “Good Lord," says said said said said he, “a man that has to work as I do, if he does not forget the ideas he has had, he will do well. May be the man you hoe with is inclined to race; then, by gorry [Godfrey] n
Note: The preceding brackets are Thoreau’s. (R. Clapper)
gorry, gorry, gorry,
your mind must be there; you think of weeds." He would sometimes ask me first on such occasions, if I had made any improvement. One winter day I asked him once him him him if he was always satisfied with himself, wishing to suggest a substitute for the priest within him employment & an aim for life & some higher motive for living. within him for the priest without, and some higher motive for living. within him for the priest without, and some higher motive for living. within him for the priest without, and some higher motive for living. “Satisfied!" said he; “some men are satisfied with one thing, and some with another. One man, perhaps, if he has got enough, will be satisfied to sit all day with his back to the fire and his belly to the table, by George!" Yet I never, by any manœuvring, could get him to take what is called the spiritual the spiritual the spiritual the spiritual view of things; the highest that he appeared to conceive of was a natural simple expediency which did not imply the moral sentiment simple expediency, such as you might expect an animal to appreciate; and this, practically, is true of most men simple expediency, such as you might expect an animal to appreciate; and this, practically, is true of most men simple expediency, such as you might expect an animal to appreciate; and this, practically, is true of most men . If I suggested any improvement in his own case mode of life mode of life mode of life , he merely answered, without expressing any regret, that it was too late. Yet he thoroughly believed in honesty and the like virtues.
14a
Visitors 14a written: E
E: “Though he hesitated … presentable thought behind” is interlined in pencil.

(Ronald Clapper)
There was a certain positive originality, however slight, to be detected in him, and I occasionally observed that he was thinking for himself and expressing his own opinion, however crude and indistinct opinion opinion opinion , a phenomenon so rare that I would any day walk ten miles to observe it, and it amounted to the re-origination of many of many of many of many of the institutions of society. Though he hesitated, and perhaps failed to express himself distinctly, distinctly, distinctly, he always had a presentable thought behind. Yet his thinking was so primitive and immersed in his animal life, that, though more promising than a merely learned man’s, it never rarely rarely rarely rarely ripened to any thing which can be reported. 14b
Visitors 14b written: B rewritten: C, E
B: Visitors 14b is interlined in pencil.

(Ronald Clapper)
He suggested that there might be men of genius in the lowest grades of life, however permanently humble and illiterate, who have a view of their own always & are not indebted to their neighbors take a view of their own always & are not indebted to their neighbors take a view of their own always & are not indebted to their neighbors who take their own view always and are not indebted to their neighbors take their own view always, or do not pretend to see at all take their own view always, or do not pretend to see at all take their own view always, or do not pretend to see at all ; who are as bottomless as even as even even as even as even as even as even as Walden Pond was thought to be, though they may be dark and muddy. Sometimes there would come half a dozen railroad repairers to my house at once, healthy & sturdy working men, descended from sound bodies & still transmitting arms and legs and bowels downward. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal, and a genuine courtesy which was sweet thanks to their dear bought experience. One a handsome sailor-like young man I remember who had lived among the Indians near Apollachicola, who said to me “Sir, I like your notions," and went away wishing me “success and happiness." They came in troops on Sunday in clean shirts, with washed hands and faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. I observed in some of these men, under faces homely, hard and seared scarred like the rocks, but human & wise still an inextinguishable & ineradicable refinement and delicacy of nature, older & of more worth than the sun & moon which are commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only—Sometimes, I fancied, a genuine magnanimity equal to the least occasion, and of unexplored & uncontaminated descent, greater traits methought I noticed in the shortest intercourse, than are recorded of any of the worthies. Their humble occupation such as I had assigned to the worthies of the world. It was no disadvantage that their occupation was humble and that they took no aims upon themselves were no disadvantage. Our employment affects but slowly the finer qualities of our nature. Of course there is no more real rudeness in laborers & washerwomen than in gentlemen and ladies. Most men are wrecked upon their consciousness. Civilization makes bright only the superficial film of the eye muddy. Sometimes there would come half a dozen railroad repairers to my house at once, healthy & sturdy working men, descended from sound bodies & still transmitting arms and legs and bowels downward. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal, and a genuine courtesy which was sweet thanks to their dear bought experience. One a handsome sailor-like young man I remember who had lived among the Indians near Apollachicola, who said to me “Sir, I like your notions," and went away wishing me “success and happiness." They came in troops on Sunday in clean shirts, with washed hands and faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. I observed in some of these men, under faces homely, hard and seared scarred like the rocks, but human & wise still an inextinguishable & ineradicable refinement and delicacy of nature, older & of more worth than the sun & moon which are commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only—Sometimes, I fancied, a genuine magnanimity equal to the least occasion, and of unexplored & uncontaminated descent, greater traits methought I noticed in the shortest intercourse, than are recorded of any of the worthies. Their humble occupation such as I had assigned to the worthies of the world. It was no disadvantage that their occupation was humble and that they took no aims upon themselves were no disadvantage. Our employment affects but slowly the finer qualities of our nature. Of course there is no more real rudeness in laborers & washerwomen than in gentlemen and ladies. Most men are wrecked upon their consciousness. Civilization makes bright only the superficial film of the eye muddy. Sometimes there would come half a dozen railroad repairers to my house at once, healthy & sturdy working men, descended from sound bodies & still transmitting arms and legs and bowels downward. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal, and a genuine courtesy which was sweet thanks to their dear bought experience. One a handsome sailor-like young man I remember who had lived among the Indians near Apollachicola, who said to me “Sir, I like your notions," and went away wishing me “success and happiness." They came in troops on Sunday in clean shirts, with washed hands and faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. I observed in some of these men, under faces homely, hard and seared scarred like the rocks, but human & wise still an inextinguishable & ineradicable refinement and delicacy of nature, older & of more worth than the sun & moon which are commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only—Sometimes, I fancied, a genuine magnanimity equal to the least occasion, and of unexplored & uncontaminated descent, greater traits methought I noticed in the shortest intercourse, than are recorded of any of the worthies. Their humble occupation such as I had assigned to the worthies of the world. It was no disadvantage that their occupation was humble and that they took no aims upon themselves were no disadvantage. Our employment affects but slowly the finer qualities of our nature. Of course there is no more real rudeness in laborers & washerwomen than in gentlemen and ladies. Most men are wrecked upon their consciousness. Civilization makes bright only the superficial film of the eye muddy. Sometimes there would come half a dozen railroad repairers to my house at once, healthy & sturdy working men, descended from sound bodies & still transmitting arms and legs and bowels downward. Some of them had got a rude wisdom withal, and a genuine courtesy which was sweet thanks to their dear bought experience. One a handsome sailor-like young man I remember who had lived among the Indians near Apollachicola, who said to me “Sir, I like your notions," and went away wishing me “success and happiness." They came in troops on Sunday in clean shirts, with washed hands and faces, and fresh twigs in their hands. I observed in some of these men, under faces homely, hard and seared scarred like the rocks, but human & wise still an inextinguishable & ineradicable refinement and delicacy of nature, older & of more worth than the sun & moon which are commonly thought to adorn the drawing rooms only—Sometimes, I fancied, a genuine magnanimity equal to the least occasion, and of unexplored & uncontaminated descent, greater traits methought I noticed in the shortest intercourse, than are recorded of any of the worthies. Their humble occupation such as I had assigned to the worthies of the world. It was no disadvantage that their occupation was humble and that they took no aims upon themselves were no disadvantage. Our employment affects but slowly the finer qualities of our nature. Of course there is no more real rudeness in laborers & washerwomen than in gentlemen and ladies. Most men are wrecked upon their consciousness. Civilization makes bright only the superficial film of the eye muddy muddy muddy . n
Note: For earlier versions of this passage in A & B, see Visitors 2. (R. Clapper)
15a
Visitors 15a written: B rewritten: D, E
B: Visitors 15a is interlined in pencil.
E: A fair copy was made of only “Many a traveller came out of his way to see”.

(Ronald Clapper)
Many a traveller came out of his way to see me and the inside of my house, and, for as as as as as as as an excuse for calling, asked for a glass of water. I generally told generally told generally told told told told told them that I drank of at at at at at at the pond, and pointed thither, offering to lend them him them them them them them them a dipper. One Sunday two young women strangers borrowed my dipper; but I never saw them nor the dipper again. They thirsted not for water but threw the dipper into the lake perchance. What the lake to them but liquid fire and brimstone! They will never know peace till they have returned the dipper. In all worlds this is decreed. Before this, even while I was first putting my house n
Note: the leaf ends here; after an apparently missing leaf, the next leaf begins: (R. Clapper)
Perhaps he is one of the sect of philosophers, the only one, so simple, so abstracted in his thought and life from his contemporaries that his wisdom is foolishness to them—His very vividness of perception—clear knowledge & insight—have made him dumb—leaving no common consciousness & ground of parlance with mankind. I was not to be deceived by a few stupid words of course, or apparent stolidity. A month or two after this, as I heard, his body was found dead among the brush over back of the hills, so far decomposed that his coffin was carried to it, and it was put into it with pitchforks,—But still in spite of all I cherished I have my doubts still suspicions that he may might have died a Brahmin’s death, dwelling at the roots of trees at last, and been absorbed into the spirit of Brahm
dipper. One Sunday two young women strangers borrowed my dipper; but I never saw them nor the dipper again. They thirsted not for water but threw the dipper into the lake perchance. What the lake to them but liquid fire and brimstone! They will never know peace till they have returned the dipper. In all worlds this is decreed. Before this, even while I was first putting my house n
Note: the leaf ends here; after an apparently missing leaf, the next leaf begins: (R. Clapper)
Perhaps he is one of the sect of philosophers, the only one, so simple, so abstracted in his thought and life from his contemporaries that his wisdom is foolishness to them—His very vividness of perception—clear knowledge & insight—have made him dumb—leaving no common consciousness & ground of parlance with mankind. I was not to be deceived by a few stupid words of course, or apparent stolidity. A month or two after this, as I heard, his body was found dead among the brush over back of the hills, so far decomposed that his coffin was carried to it, and it was put into it with pitchforks,—But still in spite of all I cherished I have my doubts still suspicions that he may might have died a Brahmin’s death, dwelling at the roots of trees at last, and been absorbed into the spirit of Brahm
dipper. One Sunday two young women strangers borrowed my dipper; but I never saw them nor the dipper again. They thirsted not for water but threw the dipper into the lake perchance. What the lake to them but liquid fire and brimstone! They will never know peace till they have returned the dipper. In all worlds this is decreed. Before this, even while I was first putting my house n
Note: the leaf ends here; after an apparently missing leaf, the next leaf begins: (R. Clapper)
Perhaps he is one of the sect of philosophers, the only one, so simple, so abstracted in his thought and life from his contemporaries that his wisdom is foolishness to them—His very vividness of perception—clear knowledge & insight—have made him dumb—leaving no common consciousness & ground of parlance with mankind. I was not to be deceived by a few stupid words of course, or apparent stolidity. A month or two after this, as I heard, his body was found dead among the brush over back of the hills, so far decomposed that his coffin was carried to it, and it was put into it with pitchforks,—But still in spite of all I cherished I have my doubts still suspicions that he may might have died a Brahmin’s death, dwelling at the roots of trees at last, and been absorbed into the spirit of Brahm
dipper dipper dipper dipper
. Far off as I lived, I was not exempted from the annual visitation which occurs, methinks, about the first of April, when every body is on the move; and I had my share of good luck, though there were some curious specimens among my visitors. Far off as I lived, I was not exempted from the annual visitation which occurs, methinks, about the first of April, when every body is on the move; and I had my share of good luck, though there were some curious specimens among my visitors. Far off as I lived, I was not exempted from the annual visitation which occurs, methinks, about the first of April, when every body is on the move; and I had my share of good luck, though there were some curious specimens among my visitors. Half-witted men from the almshouse and elsewhere and elsewhere and elsewhere and elsewhere and elsewhere and elsewhere came to see me; but I made endeavored to make endeavored to make endeavored to make endeavored to make endeavored to make endeavored to make them exercise all the wit they had, and make their confessions to me; in such cases making wit the theme of our conversation; and so was compensated. Indeed, I find find found some of them to be wiser than the so called overseers of the poor and selectmen of the town, and thought it was time that the tables were turned. With respect to wit I found found some of them to be wiser than the so called of the poor and selectmen of the town, and thought it was time that the tables were turned. With respect to wit, I learned found some of them to be wiser than the so called of the poor and selectmen of the town, and thought it was time that the tables were turned. With respect to wit, I learned found some of them to be wiser than the so called of the poor and selectmen of the town, and thought it was time that the tables were turned. With respect to wit, I learned found some of them to be wiser than the so called of the poor and selectmen of the town, and thought it was time that the tables were turned. With respect to wit, I learned that there was not much difference between the half and the whole. 15b
Visitors 15b written: D

(Ronald Clapper)
One day, in particular, in particular, in particular, in particular, in particular, an inoffensive, simple-minded pauper, whom with others I had often seen used as fencing stuff, standing or sitting on a bushel in the fields to keep cattle and himself from straying, visited me, and expressed a wish to live as I did. He told me, with the utmost simplicity and truth, quite superior, or rather , to any thing that is called humility, that he was “deficient in intellect." These were his words. The Lord had made him so, yet he supposed the Lord cared as much for him as for another. “I have always been so," said he, “from my childhood; I never had much mind; I was not like other children; I am weak in the head. It was the Lord’s will, I suppose." And there he was to prove the truth of his words. He was a metaphysical puzzle to me. And there he was to prove the truth of his words. He was a metaphysical puzzle to me. And there he was to prove the truth of his words. He was a metaphysical puzzle to me. And there he was to prove the truth of his words. He was a metaphysical puzzle to me. I have rarely met a fellow-man on such promising ground,—it was so simple and sincere and so true all that he said. I did not know at first but it was the result of a wise policy so to lay the surest foundations for an intercourse, that might come to something. For, true enough, in proportion as he appeared to humble himself he was he exalted And, true enough, in proportion as he appeared to humble himself was he exalted. I did not know at first but it was the result of a wise policy And, true enough, in proportion as he appeared to humble himself was he exalted. I did not know at first but it was the result of a wise policy And, true enough, in proportion as he appeared to humble himself was he exalted. I did not know at first but it was the result of a wise policy And, true enough, in proportion as he appeared to humble himself was he exalted. I did not know at first but it was the result of a wise policy . It seemed that from such a basis of truth and frankness as the poor weak-headed pauper had laid, our intercourse might go forward to something better than the intercourse of sages.
16
Visitors 16 written: D

(Ronald Clapper)
I had some guests from those not reckoned commonly among the town’s poor, but who should be; who are among the world’s poor, at any rate; guests who appeal, not to your hospitality, but to your ; who earnestly wish to be helped, and preface their appeal with the information that they are resolved, for one thing, never to help themselves. I require of a visitor that he be not actually starving, though he may have the very best appetite in the world, however he got it and I will not inquire how he came by it however he got it however he got it however he got it however he got it . Objects of charity are not guests. Men who did not know when their visit had terminated, though I went about my business again, and regarded myself as alone again again again again , answering them from greater and greater remoteness.
 
I’m contented you should stay
 
For ever and aye
 
If you can take yourself away
 
Any day
remoteness. remoteness. remoteness. remoteness.
Men of almost almost almost almost every degree of wit called on me in the migrating season. in the migrating season. in the migrating season. in the migrating season. Some who had more wits than they knew what to do with; runaway slaves with plantation manners, who listened from time to time, like the fox in the fable, as if they heard the hounds a-baying on their track, and looked at me beseechingly, as much as to say, —
 
“O Christian, will you send me back?"
One real runaway slave, among the rest, whom I forwarded helped to forward helped to forward helped to forward helped to forward helped to forward toward the northstar. Men of one idea, like a hen with one chicken, and that a duckling; men of a thousand ideas, and unkempt heads, like those hens which are made to take charge of a hundred chickens, all in pursuit of one bug, a score of them lost in every morning’s dew,— and become frizzled and mangy in consequence; and become frizzled and mangy in consequence; and become frizzled and mangy in consequence; and become frizzled and mangy in consequence; men of ideas instead of legs, a sort of intellectual centipede that made you crawl all over. One man proposed a book in which visitors should write their names, as at the White Mountains; said he would be at the expense of it! As if it were of any significance for a man who had failed to make any impression on you to leave his name. No, I kept a book, it needed only a small one, to put their fames in; I was at the expense of it but, alas! I have too good a memory to make that necessary but, alas! I have too good a memory to make that necessary but, alas! I have too good a memory to make that necessary but, alas! I have too good a memory to make that necessary .
17
Visitors 17 written: B rewritten: E
B & E: “and you would suppose that they would not go … as many risks as he runs” does not appear in the manuscript in B or in the original copying of E but is interlined in E.
E: A fair copy was made of only “that it was not possible to do so much good … feared the men-harriers rather”.

(Ronald Clapper)
I could not help noticing but notice some of the peculiarities in of but notice some of the peculiarities of but notice some of the peculiarities of but notice some of the peculiarities of but notice some of the peculiarities of but notice some of the peculiarities of but notice some of the peculiarities of my visitors. Girls and boys and young women generally seemed glad to be in the woods. They looked in the pond and at the flowers, and improved their time. Men of business, even farmers, even farmers, even farmers, even farmers, even farmers, even farmers, thought only of solitude and employment, and of the great distance at which I dwelt from something or other; and though they said that they loved a ramble in the woods occasionally, it was obvious that they did not. Restless committed men, whose time was all taken up in getting a living or keeping it; or keeping it; or keeping it; or keeping it; or keeping it; or keeping it; ministers who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; who spoke of God as if they enjoyed a monopoly of the subject, who could not bear all kinds of opinions; doctors, lawyers, conscientious preachers lawyers lawyers lawyers lawyers lawyers lawyers , uneasy housekeepers who pried into my cupboard and bed What right had How came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not the cleanest as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers when I was out,—how came Mrs. —— to know that my sheets were not as clean as hers ? —young men who had ceased to be young, and had concluded that it was safest to follow the beaten track of the professions,— all these all these all these all these all these all these generally said that it was not possible to do so much good in my position. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. Ay! there was the rub. The old and infirm and the timid, of whatever age or sex, thought most of sickness, and sudden accident and death; to them life seemed full of danger anywhere, and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position. (What danger is there if you don’t think of any?) danger anywhere, and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position. (What danger is there if you don’t think of any?) danger anywhere, and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position. (What danger is there if you don’t think of any?) Danger anywhere, but what danger of this kind is there if you don’t think of any?— and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position. danger,—what danger is there if you don't think of any? —and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position, danger,—what danger is there if you don't think of any? —and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position, danger,—what danger is there if you don't think of any? —and they thought that a prudent man would carefully select the safest position, where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. where Dr. B. might be on hand at a moment’s warning. To them the village was literally a , a league for mutual defence, and you would suppose that they would not go a-huckleberrying without a medicine chest. The amount of it is, if a man is alive, there is always that he may die, though the danger must be allowed to be less in proportion as he makes himself the more makes himself the more makes himself the more makes himself the more is is is dead-and-alive to begin with. A man sits as many risks as he runs, if he did but know it runs, if he did but know it runs, if he did but know it runs, if he did but know it runs runs runs . Finally, there were the self-styled reformers, the greatest bores of all, not to imply that the others were bores at all all, all, all, all, all, all, who thought that I was forever singing,—
 
This is the house that I built;
 
This is the man that lives in the house that I built;
but who who who who they they they did not know that the third line was,
 
These are the folks that worry the man
 
That lives in the house that I built.
I did not fear the hen-harriers, for I kept no chickens; but I feared the men-harriers rather. I did not fear the hen-harriers, for I kept no chickens; but I feared the men-harriers rather. I did not fear the hen-harriers, for I kept no chickens; but I feared the men-harriers rather. I did not fear the hen-harriers, for I kept no chickens; but I feared the men-harriers rather.
18
Visitors 18 written: E
E: Visitors 18 is interlined.

(Ronald Clapper)
But I had more welcome cheering visitors than these last from time to time of whom I shall speak in another place I had more cheering visitors than the last I had more cheering visitors than the last I had more cheering visitors than the last . Children come a-berrying, railroad men taking a Sunday morning walk in clean shirts in clean shirts in clean shirts in clean shirts , fishermen and hunters, —(all in short who really got to the woods and left the woods behind them were welcome) fishers & hunters of men too poets and philosophers poets and philosophers poets and philosophers , in short, all honest pilgrims, who came out to the woods for freedom’s sake, and really left the village behind, I was ready to greet with,—“Welcome, Englishmen! welcome, Englishmen!" for I had had communication with that race.

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