Walden: Higher Laws

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Walden: Higher Laws

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  • Princeton_Ed: Princeton Ed. of Walden
  • Version_A: Walden, Version A (1847)
  • Version_B: Walden, Version B (1849)
  • Version_C: Walden, Version C (1849)
  • Version_D: Walden, Version D (1852)
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XVersion
Higher Laws n
Note: The title “Animal Food” is inserted at the top of the leaf containing Higher Laws 1a. (R. Clapper)
1a
Higher Laws 1a written: E rewritten: F

(Ronald Clapper)
AS I came home through the woods with my string of fish, trailing my polealong, pole along pole, pole, it being now quite dark, I caught a glimpse of a woodchuck stealing across my path, and felt a strange thrill as it were thrill as it were thrill thrill of savage delight, and was strongly tempted to seize and devour him raw; not that I was hungry but for that wildness which he represented. not that I was hungry then, except for that wildness which he represented. not that I was hungry then, except for that wildness which he represented. not that I was hungry then, except for that wildness which he represented. Once or twice, however, while I lived at the pond, I found myself ranging the woods, like a half-starved hound, with a strange abandonment, seeking some kind of venison which I might devour, and no morsel could have been too savage for me. Once or twice, however, while I lived at the pond, I found myself ranging the woods, like a half-starved hound, with a strange abandonment, seeking some kind of venison which I might devour, and no morsel could have been too savage for me. Once or twice, however, while I lived at the pond, I found myself ranging the woods, like a half-starved hound, with a strange abandonment, seeking some kind of venison which I might devour, and no morsel could have been too savage for me. The wildest scenes had become unaccountably familiar to me. Indeed I find familiar to me. Indeed I find I found familiar. I found familiar. I found in myself, and still find, and still find, and still find, an instinct toward a higher, what is called you may call is called moral life,— I use the word with hesitation, because though we have the idea, we have not the reality,— and also or what is called moral spiritual life, as do most men and or, as it is named, spiritual life, as do most men, and or, as it is named, spiritual life, as do most men, and another toward a primitive rank and savage one, and I reverence them both. Some would say that the one impulse was directly from God, the other through nature both. both. both. I love the wild not less than the good. 1b
Higher Laws 1b written: A rewritten: E, F
A: Higher Laws 1b follows Higher Laws 3a and precedes Higher Laws 3b. The order of the material in A is as follows: 5a, 1c, 3a, 1b, 3b, 1d, 3d, 5b.
A: [Higher Laws 1b appears as follows. I love sometimes to take rank hold on life, and spend my day more as the animals do. The novelty and adventure that are in this pursuit recommend it to me.

(Ronald Clapper)
The novelty novelty novelty novelty novelty novelty wildness wildness wildness and adventure that are in fishing recommend recommended recommend recommended recommend recommended recommend recommended recommend recommended still recommended still recommended still recommended it to me. I love love love love love love like like sometimes to take rank hold on life and spend my day more as the animals do. Perhaps I have owed to this employment and to hunting, when quite young, when quite young, when quite young, my closest acquaintance with Nature. 1c
Higher Laws 1c written: A rewritten: E, F
A: Higher Laws 1c follows Higher Laws 5a and precedes Higher Laws 3a.
A: Higher Laws 1c appears as follows. It tempts me continually because perhaps, if I attempt to analyze my motive perhaps, if I can analyze my motive it is a means of becoming acquainted with nature—not only merely with fishes—but with night and water—and the scenery—which I should not otherwise see under the same aspects. It introduces me to the night & to the wildest scenes & detains me there. The best way to become acquainted with any scenery is to follow some pursuit in it which harmonizes with it. Fishermen & hunters see nature at an advantage which the philosopher never enjoys. She is not afraid to exhibit herself to them
E: Higher Laws 1c appears as follows. They introduced me early to the wildest scenes and detained me there. The best way to become acquainted with any scenery is to engage in some pursuit in it which harmonizes with it. Fishermen & hunters see nature under some advantages which poets and philosophers do not enjoy. She is not afraid to exhibit herself to them.
F: Higher Laws 1c appears as follows. They introduced me early to the wildest scenes and detained me there. The best way to become acquainted with any scenery is to engage in some pursuit in it which harmonizes with it. Fishermen and hunters see nature under some advantages which poets and philosophers do not enjoy Fishermen, hunters, woodchoppers & the like—spending their lives in her midst as a part of herself—in the intervals of their pursuits are in a more favorable mood for observing her than philosophers or poets even who approach her with expectation. She is not afraid to exhibit herself to them.

(Ronald Clapper)
They early introduce us to and detain us in scenery with which otherwise, at that age, we should have little acquaintance. Fishermen, hunters, woodchoppers, and others, spending their lives in the fields and woods, in a peculiar sense a part of Nature themselves, are often in a more favorable mood for observing her, in the intervals of their pursuits, than philosophers or poets even, who approach her with expectation. She is not afraid to exhibit herself to them. 1d
Higher Laws 1d written: A rewritten: E, F
A: Higher Laws 1d follows Higher Laws 3b and precedes Higher Laws 3d.
A: Higher Laws 1d appears as follows. But the ramble by the river and meadow seems to be is otherwise incomplete, and to want wants a sufficient aim for itself without this purpose. The traveller of the prairie is a hunter—of the head-waters of the Missouri & Columbia—a trapper. Those who go to the Falls of St. Mary are fishermen. The traveller who is only a traveller learns things by the halves, and at 2 hand—and is poor authority.

(Ronald Clapper)
The traveller on the prairie is naturally a hunter, on the head waters of the Missouri and Columbia a trapper, and at the Falls of St. Mary a fisherman. The ramble by the river and meadow seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry a fish-pole,—I sold my gun long before I went to the woods. The traveller The ramble by the river and meadow seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry a fish-pole,—I sold my gun long before I went to the woods. The traveller The ramble by the river and meadow seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry a fish-pole,—I sold my gun long before I went to the woods. The traveller The ramble by the river and meadow seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry a fish-pole,—I sold my gun long before I went to the woods. The traveller The ramble by the river and meadow seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry a fish-pole,—I sold my gun long before I went to the woods. The traveller The ramble by the river and meadow might have seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry had not carried a fish-pole. The traveller He He who is only a traveller learns things at second-hand and by the halves, and is poor authority. We are most interested when science reports what those men already know—for this is some human life in those scenes We are most interested when science reports what those men already know practically or instinctively, for that alone is a true , or account of human experience. We are most interested when science reports what those men already know practically or instinctively, for that alone is a true , or account of human experience.
2
Higher Laws 2 written: E rewritten: E
E: Higher Laws 2 and Higher Laws 3c were added to the manuscript after Higher Laws 3b and before Higher Laws 3d. A fair copy of Higher Laws 2 was made in its present order.

(Ronald Clapper)
They mistake who assert that the Yankee has few amusements, because he has not so many public holidays, and men and boys do not play r
Revision note: E1: as
as so
so so so
many games as they do in England, for here the more primitive but solitary amusements of hunting fishing, r
Revision note: E1: nutting &c.
nutting &c. & the like
and the like and the like and the like
have not yet given place to the former. r
Revision note: E1: I remember when almost
As Even I remember when almost
Almost Almost Almost
every New England boy r
Revision note: E1:
among my contemporaries
among my contemporaries among my contemporaries among my contemporaries
shouldered his a a a a fowling piece between the ages of ten and fourteen; and his hunting and fishing r
Revision note: E1: ground was
ground was grounds were
grounds were grounds were grounds were
not limited like the preserves of an English nobleman, but r
Revision note: E1:
were
were were were
more boundless r
Revision note: E1:
even
even even even
than those of a savage. No wonder, then, that he did not oftener oftener oftener oftener stay to play on the common. But already a change is taking place, owing, not to an increased humanity, but to an increased scarcity of r
Revision note: E1: large game. A distinction was made by my compeers between blackbirds and robins, and often that boy lost cast who was known to have killed one of the latter
large game. A distinction was made by my compeers between blackbirds and robins, and often that boy lost cast who was known to have killed one of the latter Yet perhaps the hunter is the greatest friend of the animals hunted not excepting the humane society
game, for perhaps the hunter is the greatest friend of the animals hunted, not excepting the Humane Society. game, for perhaps the hunter is the greatest friend of the animals hunted, not excepting the Humane Society. game, for perhaps the hunter is the greatest friend of the animals hunted, not excepting the Humane Society.
3a
Higher Laws 3a written: A rewritten: E, E, E

(Ronald Clapper)
—and occasionally, though not so often, because I wish to add fish to my fare for variety—I actually fish sometimes as naturally—and from the same kind of necessity—as the first fishermen did. Moreover, when at the pond, I wished sometimes to add fish to my fare for variety. I have actually fished from the same kind of necessity that the first fishers did. 3b
Higher Laws 3b written: A rewritten: E, E, E
A: Higher Laws 3b follows Higher Laws 1b and precedes Higher Laws 1d.
A: Higher Laws 3b appears as follows. Whatever humanity I may conjure up against it is all factitious, & concerns my philosophy more than my actual feelings—not that I am less humane than others—but I do not perceive that these are affected very much my feelings are much affected. I do not pity the fishes nor the worms. This is habit.

(Ronald Clapper)
Whatever humanity I might conjure up against it was all factitious, and concerned my philosophy more than my r
Revision note: E1: actual feelings
actual feelings
r
Revision note: E1: actual feelings
actual feelings
r
Revision note: E1: actual feelings
actual feelings
r
Revision note: E1: actual feelings
actual feelings
r
Revision note: E1: actual feelings
actual feelings
feelings. feelings. feelings.
r
Revision note: E1: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now for I had long felt differently about it gunning
E2: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about gunning fowling
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling—and sold my gun before I went to the woods
r
Revision note: E1: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now for I had long felt differently about it gunning
E2: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about gunning fowling
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling—and sold my gun before I went to the woods
r
Revision note: E1: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now for I had long felt differently about it gunning
E2: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about gunning fowling
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling—and sold my gun before I went to the woods
r
Revision note: E1: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now for I had long felt differently about it gunning
E2: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about gunning fowling
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling—and sold my gun before I went to the woods
r
Revision note: E1: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now for I had long felt differently about it gunning
E2: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about gunning fowling
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling—and sold my gun before I went to the woods
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods.
Not that I am less humane than others, but I did not perceive that my feelings were much affected. I did not pity the fishes nor the worms. This was habit. 3c
Higher Laws 3c written: E rewritten: E
E: Higher Laws 2 and 3c were added to the manuscript between Higher Laws 3b and 3d. A fair copy of only “As for fowling, during the last years … I have been willing to omit the gun” was made when Higher Laws 2 was copied in its present order.

(Ronald Clapper)
r
Revision note: E1: In after years
In after years In later years As for fowling during the last years that I carried a gun
As for fowling, during the last years that I carried a gun As for fowling, during the last years that I carried a gun As for fowling, during the last years that I carried a gun
my excuse was that I was studying ornithology, and r
Revision note: E1: I sought
I sought
sought sought sought
only new or rare birds. But I r
Revision note: E1: now
now confess that I am now inclined to
confess that I am now inclined to confess that I am now inclined to confess that I am now inclined to
think that there is a finer way of studying ornithology than this. It requires so much closer attention to the habits of the birds, that, if for that reason only, I r
Revision note: E1: am
am have been
have been have been have been
willing to omit the gun. But Yet Yet Yet notwithstanding the objection on the score of humanity, I am compelled to doubt if equally valuable sports are ever substituted for these; 3d
Higher Laws 3d written: A rewritten: E
A: [Higher Laws 3d follows Higher Laws 1d and precedes Higher Laws 5b.
A: Higher Laws 3d appears as follows. When some of my friends have asked me anxiously about their boys—whether they should let them hunt or not—I have answered yes—remembering that it was the best part of my education. Aye, make them hunters of such skill & tenacity & enterprise that at last they shall not find game large enough for them in these woods

(Ronald Clapper)
When When When When When and when and when and when some of my friends have asked me anxiously about their boys, whether they should let them hunt, I have answered, yes,—remembering that it was one of the best parts of my education,— them hunters, though sportsmen only at first, if possible, mighty hunters at last, so that they shall not find game large enough for them in these woods, or in these woods, or in these woods, or in these woods, or in these woods, or in this or this or this or any vegetable wilderness,— hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. 3e
Higher Laws 3e written: E

(Ronald Clapper)
Thus far I am of the opinion of Chaucer’s nun, who
 
“yave not of the text a pulled hen
 
That saith that hunters ben not holy men.”
There is a period in the history of the individual, as of the race, when the hunters are the “best men,” as the Algonquins called them. We cannot but pity the boy who has never fired a gun; he is no more humane, while his education is has been sadly incomplete has been sadly neglected. has been sadly neglected. has been sadly neglected. This was my answer with respect to those youths who were bent on this pursuit, trusting that they would soon outgrow it. This was my answer with respect to those youths who were bent on this pursuit, trusting that they would soon outgrow it. This was my answer with respect to those youths who were bent on this pursuit, trusting that they would soon outgrow it. This was my answer with respect to those youths who were bent on this pursuit, trusting that they would soon outgrow it. 3f
Higher Laws 3f written: A rewritten: E
G: Higher Laws 3f is interlined.

(Ronald Clapper)
No humane being, past the thoughtless age of boyhood, will wantonly murder any creature, which holds its life by the same tenure that he does. The hare in its extremity cries like a child. I warn you, mothers, that my sympathies do not always make the usual phil- distinctions.
4
Higher Laws 4 written: F rewritten: G
G: A fair copy was made of only “know nothing about the hook of hooks … the hunter stage of development”.

(Ronald Clapper)
Such is oftenest the young man’s introduction to the forest, and wild, and to and and the most original part of himself. He goes thither at first as a hunter and fisher, until at last, the poet or naturalist in him distinguishes his proper object if he has the seeds of a better life in him he distinguishes his proper objects, as a poet or naturalist perhaps if he has the seeds of a better life in him, he distinguishes his proper objects, as a poet or naturalist it may be, if he has the seeds of a better life in him, he distinguishes his proper objects, as a poet or naturalist it may be, and leaves the gun and fish-pole behind. The mass of men are still and always young in this respect. In some countries a hunting person is no uncommon sight who is death to the foxes that steal his parishioners’ mutton, but has never trained himself to destroy the wolf that harries his own flock, the parishioners themselves In some countries a hunting parson is no uncommon sight. Such a one might make a good shepherd’s dog, but is far from being the Good Shepherd. In some countries a hunting parson is no uncommon sight. Such a one might make a good shepherd’s dog, but is far from being the Good Shepherd. I have been surprised to consider that the only obvious employment, except wood-chopping, ice-cutting, or the like wood-chopping, ice-cutting, or the like wood-chopping, ice-cutting, or the like business, which ever to my knowledge detained at Walden Pond for a whole half day any of my fellow-citizens, whether fathers or children of the town, with just one exception, was fishing. Commonly Commonly Commonly they did not think that they were lucky, or well paid for their time, unless they got a long string of fish, though they had the opportunity of seeing the pond all the while. They measured their success by the length of a string of fish. while. while. They might go there a thousand times before the sediment of fishing would sink to the bottom and leave their purpose pure; but no doubt such a clarifying process would be going on all the while. but no doubt such a clarifying process would be going on all the while. but no doubt such a clarifying process would be going on all the while. The governor and his council faintly remember the pond, for they went a-fishing there when they were boys; but now they are too old and dignified to go a-fishing, and so they know it no more forever. Yet even they expect to go to heaven at last. Yet even they expect to go to heaven at last. Yet even they expect to go to heaven at last. If the legislature regards it, it is chiefly to regulate the number of hooks to be used in fishing used used there; but they know nothing about the book of hooks with which to angle for the pond itself, impaling the legislature for a bait. Thus, even in civilized society societies communities communities, the embryo man passes through the hunter stage of development.
5a
Higher Laws 5a written: A rewritten: E, G

(Ronald Clapper)
I have found repeatedly, of late years, that I cannot fish without falling a little in self-respect. I have tried it again and again. I have skill at it, and, as I have said as I have said as I have said as I have said as I have said as I have said as I have said like many of my fellows like many of my fellows, a certain instinct for it, which revives from time to time, but always when I have done I feel that it would have been better if I had not fished. I think I am not mistaken I am not mistaken I am not mistaken I am not mistaken I am not mistaken I am not mistaken that I am not mistaken do not mistake that I do not mistake. It is a faint intimation, yet so are the first streaks of morning. 5b
Higher Laws 5b written: A rewritten: E, E, G
A: Higher Laws 5b follows Higher Laws 3d and precedes a missing leaf (#153). The next leaf (#155) contains Higher Laws 7.
E: A second fair copy was made of only “kind. It is a significant fact … abdomens betray them”.
G: A fair copy was made of only “There is unquestionably this instinct … at present I am no fisherman at all”.
A: Higher Laws 5b appears as follows. There is unquestionably this instinct in me which belongs to the lower order of creation. Yet with every year I am less a fisherman, though without more humanity or even wisdom. When I have caught my fish & cooked them, I have gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost

(Ronald Clapper)
There is unquestionably this instinct in me which belongs to the lower orders of creation; yet with every year I am less a fisherman, though without more humanity or even wisdom; in fact, at present in fact, at present in fact, at present in fact, at present in fact, at present in fact, at present in fact, at present at present I am no fisherman at all. But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest.though but I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to be a fisherman become a fisher and hunter in earnest But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest.though but I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to be a fisherman become a fisher and hunter in earnest But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest.though but I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to be a fisherman become a fisher and hunter in earnest But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest.though but I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to be a fisherman become a fisher and hunter in earnest But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest.though but I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to be a fisherman become a fisher and hunter in earnest But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest. But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest. But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest. When I have had caught my fish and cooked them, I have had gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost rather. There When I have had caught my fish and cooked them, I have had gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost rather. There When I have had caught my fish and cooked them, I have had gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost rather. There When I have had caught my fish and cooked them, I have had gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost rather. There When I have had caught my fish and cooked them, I have had gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost rather. There Beside, there Beside, there Beside, there is something essentially unclean about this diet and all flesh, and I began to see where housework commences, and whence the endeavor, which costs so much, to wear a tidy and respectable appearance each day, to keep the house sweet and free from all ill odors and sights. Being Being Being Being Being Having been Having been Having been my own butcher and scullion and cook, as well as the gentleman for whom the dishes are are are are are were were were served up, I can speak from an unusually complete experience. The practical objection to animal food in my case was its uncleanness; and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, when I had caught and cleaned and cooked and eaten my fish, they seemed not to have fed me essentially. It was insignificant and unnecessary, after all. It was always to pay too dear for your whistle after all. It was always to pay too dear for your whistle after all. It was always to pay too dear for your whistle after all. It was always to pay too dear for your whistle after all. It was always to pay too dear for your whistle and cost more than it came to. and cost more than it came to. and cost more than it came to. A little bread or a few potatoes would have done as well, with less trouble and filth. Like many of my contemporaries, I had rarely for many years used animal food, or tea, or coffee, &c.; not so much because of any ill effects which I had traced to them in my own case, though I had my theories on that subject them in my own case, though I had my theories on that subject them in my own case, though I had my theories on that subject them in my own case, though I had my theories on that subject them in my own case, though I had my theories on that subject them, them, them, as because they were not agreeable to my imagination. The repugnance to animal food is not the effect of experience, but is an instinct. It appeared more beautiful to live low and fare hard in many respects; and though I never did so, I went far enough to please my imagination. I believe that every man since Adam, and including him, man since Adam, and including him, man since Adam, and including him, man since Adam, and including him, man since Adam, and including him, man man man who has ever been earnest to preserve his higher or poetic faculties in the best condition has been particularly inclined to abstain from animal food, and from much food of any kind. It is a significant fact, r
Revision note: E1: affirmed
affirmed stated
r
Revision note: E1: affirmed
affirmed stated
r
Revision note: E1: affirmed
affirmed stated
r
Revision note: E1: affirmed
affirmed stated
r
Revision note: E1: affirmed
affirmed stated
stated stated stated
by entomologists, r
Revision note: E1:
I find it in Kirby and Spence,
r
Revision note: E1:
I find it in Kirby and Spence,
r
Revision note: E1:
I find it in Kirby and Spence,
r
Revision note: E1:
I find it in Kirby and Spence,
r
Revision note: E1:
I find it in Kirby and Spence,
I find it in Kirby and Spence, I find it in Kirby and Spence, I find it in Kirby and Spence,
that “some insects in their perfect state, though furnished with organs of feeding, make no use of them , and consume no food whatever them , and consume no food whatever them , and consume no food whatever them , and consume no food whatever them , and consume no food whatever them; them; them; and they say, “it may be laid lay it say, “it may be laid lay it say, “it may be laid lay it say, “it may be laid lay it say, “it may be laid lay it lay it lay it lay it down as “a general rule, that almost all insects in this state eat much less than in that of larvæ. The voracious caterpillar when transformed into a butterfly needs only a small quantity of honey butterfly needs only a small quantity of honey butterfly needs only a small quantity of honey butterfly needs only a small quantity of honey butterfly needs only a small quantity of honey butterfly,” butterfly,” butterfly,” . . “and the gluttonous maggot when become a fly,” contents itself content themselves contents itself content themselves contents itself content themselves contents itself content themselves contents itself content themselves content themselves content themselves content themselves with a drop or two of any honey or some other any honey or some other any honey or some other any honey or some other any honey or some other honey or some other honey or some other honey or some other sweet liquid. r
Revision note: E1: The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition. The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly still represents the larva. This is the tidbit that tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition . The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it nations without fancy or imagination whose vast abdomens betray them By a certain portion of Christendom the custom of doing without meat at certain seasons, which no doubt has a higher origin & significance than they are aware of, is made synonomous with fasting
r
Revision note: E1: The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition. The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly still represents the larva. This is the tidbit that tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition . The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it nations without fancy or imagination whose vast abdomens betray them By a certain portion of Christendom the custom of doing without meat at certain seasons, which no doubt has a higher origin & significance than they are aware of, is made synonomous with fasting
r
Revision note: E1: The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition. The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly still represents the larva. This is the tidbit that tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition . The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it nations without fancy or imagination whose vast abdomens betray them By a certain portion of Christendom the custom of doing without meat at certain seasons, which no doubt has a higher origin & significance than they are aware of, is made synonomous with fasting
r
Revision note: E1: The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition. The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly still represents the larva. This is the tidbit that tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition . The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it nations without fancy or imagination whose vast abdomens betray them By a certain portion of Christendom the custom of doing without meat at certain seasons, which no doubt has a higher origin & significance than they are aware of, is made synonomous with fasting
r
Revision note: E1: The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition. The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly still represents the larva. This is the tidbit that tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition . The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it nations without fancy or imagination whose vast abdomens betray them By a certain portion of Christendom the custom of doing without meat at certain seasons, which no doubt has a higher origin & significance than they are aware of, is made synonomous with fasting
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly stir represents the larva. This is the tid-bit which tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state; and there are whole nations in that condition, nations without fancy or imagination, whose vast abdomens betray them. The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly stir represents the larva. This is the tid-bit which tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state; and there are whole nations in that condition, nations without fancy or imagination, whose vast abdomens betray them. The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly stir represents the larva. This is the tid-bit which tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state; and there are whole nations in that condition, nations without fancy or imagination, whose vast abdomens betray them.
6
Higher Laws 6 written: E rewritten: E
E: A fair copy was made of only “It is hard to provide and cook … True, he can and does live, in a great measure”.

(Ronald Clapper)
r
Revision note: E1: Indeed it is hard in practice
Indeed it is hard in practice
It is hard It is hard It is hard
to provide and cook so simple and clean a diet as will not offend the imagination; r
Revision note: E1: and
and but
but but but
this, I think, is to be fed when we feed the body; they should both sit down at the same table. Yet r
Revision note: E1: perchance
perchance perhaps
perhaps perhaps perhaps
this may be done. The fruits eaten temperately need not make us ashamed of our appetites, nor interrupt the worthiest pursuits. But put an extra condiment into your dish, and it will poison you. It r
Revision note: E1: seems
seems is
is is is
not worth the while to live by r
Revision note: E1:
rich
rich rich rich
cookery. Most men would feel shame if caught preparing with their own hands precisely such a dinner, whether of animal or vegetable food, as is every day r
Revision note: E1: provided
provided prepared
prepared prepared prepared
for them by others. Yet till this is otherwise we are not civilized, and, if gentlemen and ladies, r
Revision note: E1: we are
we are
are are are
not true men and women. This certainly suggests what change is to be made. It may be vain to ask why the imagination will not be reconciled to flesh and fat. It is obvious I am satisfied I am satisfied I am satisfied I am satisfied that it is not. Is it not a reproach that man is a carnivorous r
Revision note: E1: animal? I speak now while I am bringing home a string of fish, or a partridge or rabbit which I have snared, or if you prefer it a lamb which I have slaughtered
animal? I speak now while I am bringing home a string of fish, or a partridge or rabbit which I have snared, or if you prefer it a lamb which I have slaughtered.
animal? animal? animal?
True, he can and does live, in a great measure, by preying on other animals; but this is a miserable way of sustaining himself way, way, way, as any one who will go to snaring rabbits, or slaughtering lambs, may learn, as any one who will go to snaring rabbits, or slaughtering lambs, may learn, as any one who will go to snaring rabbits, or slaughtering lambs, may learn, as any one who will go to snaring rabbits, or slaughtering lambs, may learn, —and he will be regarded as a benefactor of his race , along with Prometheus and Christ together with Prometheus and Christ race race race who shall teach man to confine himself to to confine himself to to confine himself to to confine himself to a more innocent and wholesome diet. Whatever my own practice may be, I have no doubt that it is a part of the destiny of the human race, in its gradual improvement, to leave off eating animals, as surely as the savage tribes have left off eating each other when they came in contact with the more civilized. Whatever my own practice may be, I have no doubt that it is a part of the destiny of the human race, in its gradual improvement, to leave off eating animals, as surely as the savage tribes have left off eating each other when they came in contact with the more civilized. Whatever my own practice may be, I have no doubt that it is a part of the destiny of the human race, in its gradual improvement, to leave off eating animals, as surely as the savage tribes have left off eating each other when they came in contact with the more civilized. Whatever my own practice may be, I have no doubt that it is a part of the destiny of the human race, in its gradual improvement, to leave off eating animals, as surely as the savage tribes have left off eating each other when they came in contact with the more civilized.
7
Higher Laws 7 written: A rewritten: E
A: Higher Laws 7 follows a missing leaf (#153).

(Ronald Clapper)
If I listen to the faintest but constant suggestions of my genius which are certainly true I see not to what extremes or even insanity it would lead me—and yet that way as I grow more resolute and faithful my road lies If I listen to the faintest but constant suggestions of my genius which are certainly true I see not to what extremes or even insanity it would lead me—and yet that way as I grow more resolute and faithful my road lies If I listen to the faintest but constant suggestions of my genius which are certainly true I see not to what extremes or even insanity it would lead me—and yet that way as I grow more resolute and faithful my road lies If I listen to the faintest but constant suggestions of my genius which are certainly true I see not to what extremes or even insanity it would lead me—and yet that way as I grow more resolute and faithful my road lies If I listen one listens to the faintest but constant suggestions of my his genius, which are certainly true, I see he sees not to what extremes or even insanity it would lead me may lead him and yet that way as I grow he grows more resolute and faithful my his road lies If one listens to the faintest but constant suggestions of his genius, which are certainly true, he sees not to what extremes, or even insanity, it may lead him; and yet that way, as he grows more resolute and faithful, his road lies. If one listens to the faintest but constant suggestions of his genius, which are certainly true, he sees not to what extremes, or even insanity, it may lead him; and yet that way, as he grows more resolute and faithful, his road lies. If one listens to the faintest but constant suggestions of his genius, which are certainly true, he sees not to what extremes, or even insanity, it may lead him; and yet that way, as he grows more resolute and faithful, his road lies. The faintest assured objection which one healthy man feels will at length prevail over the arguments and customs of mankind. No man ever followed his genius till it misled him. Though the result were bodily weakness, yet no man perhaps no man perhaps no man perhaps no man perhaps no man one perhaps perhaps no one perhaps no one perhaps no one can say that the consequences were to be regretted, for these were a life in conformity to higher principles. If the day and the night are such that you greet them with joy, and life emits a fragrance like flowers and sweet-scented herbs, is more is more is more is more is more is more is more elastic, more starry, more immortal,— that is your success. All nature is your congratulation, and you have cause momentarily to bless yourself. The greatest gains and values are farthest from being appreciated. We can easily easily easily easily easily easily easily easily come to doubt if they exist. We soon forget them. They are the highest reality. Perhaps Perhaps Perhaps Perhaps the facts most astounding and most real are never communicated by man to man. The true harvest of my daily life is somewhat as intangible and indescribable as the tints of morning or evening. It is a little star-dust caught, It is a segment a segment a segment a segment a segment a segment a segment a segment of the rainbow which I have clutched But practically I am but only half-converted by my own arguments for I still fish clutched. clutched. clutched. clutched. clutched. clutched. clutched.
8
Higher Laws 8 written: E

(Ronald Clapper)
Yet, for my own part for my part, for my part, for my part, I was never unusually squeamish I assure you squeamish; squeamish; squeamish; I could sometimes eat a fried rat with a good relish, if it were necessary. I am glad to have drunk water so long, for the same reason that I prefer the natural sky to an opium-eater’s heaven. I would fain keep sober always; and there are infinite degrees of drunkenness. I believe that it water water water water is the only drink for a wise man; wine is not so noble a liquor if it is to drink, and wine is not so noble a liquor; and wine is not so noble a liquor; and wine is not so noble a liquor; and think of dashing the hopes of a morning with a cup of warm coffee, or of an evening with a dish of tea! Ah how low I fell when I was tempted by them Ah, how low I fall when I am tempted by them! Ah, how low I fall when I am tempted by them! Ah, how low I fall when I am tempted by them! Even music may be intoxicating. Such apparently slight causes destroyed Greece and Rome, and will destroy England and America. Of all ebriosity, I who does not prefer to be intoxicated on the air I breathe he breathes who does not prefer to be intoxicated by the air he breathes? who does not prefer to be intoxicated by the air he breathes? who does not prefer to be intoxicated by the air he breathes? I have found it to be the most serious objection to coarse labors long continued, that they compelled me to eat and drink coarsely also. I have found it to be the most serious objection to coarse labors long continued, that they compelled me to eat and drink coarsely also. I have found it to be the most serious objection to coarse labors long continued, that they compelled me to eat and drink coarsely also. But to tell the truth, I find myself at present somewhat less particular in these respects. I carry less religion to the table, ask no blessing; not because I am wiser than I was, but, I am obliged to confess, because, however much it is to be regretted, with years I have grown more coarse and indifferent. However, I do not regard Perhaps these questions are entertained only in youth, as most believe of poetry. My practice is “nowhere,” my opinion is here. Nevertheless I am far from regarding Perhaps these questions are entertained only in youth, as most believe of poetry. My practice is “nowhere,” my opinion is here. Nevertheless I am far from regarding Perhaps these questions are entertained only in youth, as most believe of poetry. My practice is “nowhere,” my opinion is here. Nevertheless I am far from regarding myself as one of those privileged ones to whom the Ved refers when it says, that “he who has true faith in the Omnipresent Supreme Being may eat all that exists,” that is, is not bound to inquire what is his food, or who prepares it; and even in their case it is to be observed, as Rammohun Roy a Hindoo commentator a Hindoo commentator a Hindoo commentator has remarked, that the Vedant limits this privilege to “the time of distress.”
9
Higher Laws 9 written: E

(Ronald Clapper)
Who has not sometimes derived an inexpressible satisfaction from his food in which appetite had no share? I have been thrilled to think that I owed a mental perception to the commonly gross sense of taste, that I have been inspired through the palate, that some berries which I had eaten on a hill-side had fed my brain, my fancy and imagination genius genius. genius. genius. “The soul not being mistress of herself,” says Thseng-tseu, “one looks, and one does not see; one listens, and one does not hear; one eats, and one does not know the savor of food.” And his master Confucius says says Confucius “Of all men there is no one who does not eat and drink, but very few among them know how to distinguish savors.” food.” food.” food.” He who distinguishes the true savor of his food can never be a glutton; he who does not cannot be otherwise. I have seen a puritan A puritan may a puritan may a puritan may a puritan may go to his brown-bread crust with as gross an appetite as ever an alderman to his turtle. I need not look beyond myself for my examples turtle. turtle. turtle. Not that food which entereth into the mouth defileth a man, but the appetite with which it is eaten. It is neither the quality nor the quantity, but the devotion to sensual savors; when that which is eaten is not a viand which sustains our peculiar human life but food for the worms that possess us when that which is eaten is not a viand to sustain our animal, or inspire our spiritual life, but food for the worms that possess us. when that which is eaten is not a viand to sustain our animal, or inspire our spiritual life, but food for the worms that possess us. when that which is eaten is not a viand to sustain our animal, or inspire our spiritual life, but food for the worms that possess us. If the hunter has a taste for mud-turtles, muskrats, and other such savage tid-bits, the fine lady indulges a taste for some form of potted cheese, or jelly jelly jelly jelly made of a calf’s foot, or for sardines from over the sea, and they are even. He goes to the mill-pond, she to her preserve-pot. The wonder is how they, how you and you and you and you and I, can live this slimy beastly life, eating and drinking. Though We are wont to attribute to woman a finer and more sibylline nature than to man, but I am struck with the fact that so many of the most refined young women are so intolerant of these reforms, and that the philosopher but I am struck with the fact that in these respects she is rarely a reformer is so intolerant of reform and that the philosopher I am not sure but he who seeks most faithfully to refine and ennoble life in these respects, will after all find more sympathy in the intellect & philosophy of man, than in the refinement and delicacy of woman. Can it be that woman yields a more implicit obedience to her animal instincts than man,—or are the harshness & crudity of all reform more repugnant to her taste & to her easy conforming nature? drinking. drinking. drinking.
10
Higher Laws 10 written: F

(Ronald Clapper)
How wonderfully moral is our whole life Our whole life is startlingly moral Our whole life is startlingly moral. Our whole life is startlingly moral. There is never an instant’s truce between virtue and vice. Goodness is the only investment that never fails. In the harp music music of the harp music of the harp music of the harp which trembles round the world it is the insisting on this which thrills us. The harp is the travelling patterer for the Universe’s Insurance Company, recommending its laws, and our little goodness is all the assessment that we pay. Though the youth at last grows indifferent, the laws of the universe are not indifferent, but are forever on the side of the most sensitive. Listen to every zephyr for some reproof, for it is surely there, and he is unfortunate who does not hear it. for sure it is surely there, & fortunate is he that hears it unfortunate is he that does not hear it for it is surely there, and he is unfortunate who does not hear it. for it is surely there, and he is unfortunate who does not hear it. We cannot touch a string or make a sound move a stop move a stop move a stop but the charming moral transfixes us. Many an irksome noise, go a long way off, is heard as music, a proud sweet satire on the meanness of our life lives lives. lives.
11a
Higher Laws 11a written: E rewritten: G

(Ronald Clapper)
I am conscious in myself of an animal nature which awakens when the spirit my intellectual nature slumbers, but while the spirit this is awake is inactive I am conscious in myself of an animal nature which awakens when the spirit my intellectual nature slumbers, but while the spirit this is awake is inactive We are conscious in ourselves of an animal in us which awakens in proportion as our intellectual higher nature slumbers We are conscious of an animal in us, which awakens in proportion as our higher nature slumbers. It is reptile and sensual, and perhaps cannot wholly be wholly be wholly be be wholly expelled; like the worms which, even in life and health, occupy our bodies. It feeds and drinks, and reposes, and would fain gratify the most sensual appetite, in spite of the spirit intellect. It would seem as if I might withdraw from it, but could Possibly we may withdraw from it, but Possibly we may withdraw from it, but Possibly we may withdraw from it, but never change its nature. I fear that it may even may may may enjoy a certain health of its own; that we may be well, yet not pure. I picked up the other day The other day I picked up The other day I picked up The other day I picked up the lower jaw of a hog, with white and sound teeth and tusks, which suggested that there was an animal health and vigor distinct from the spiritualas it is called spiritualas it is called spiritual as it is called spiritual. This creature succeeded by other means than temperance and purity. “That in which men differ from brute beasts,” says Mencius, “is a thing very inconsiderable; the common herd lose it very soon; superior men preserve it carefully.” I do not know how it is with other men, but I find it very difficult to be chaste. Methinks I can be chaste in my relation to persons, and yet I do not find myself clean. I have frequent cause to be ashamed of myself. I am well, but I am not pure. What other sort of life would result if I were I cannot say Who knows what sort of life would result if we had attained to purity? Who knows what sort of life would result if we had attained to purity? Who knows what sort of life would result if we had attained to purity? If I knew so wise a man as could teach me purity I would go to seek him forthwith. “A command over our passions, and over the external senses of the body, and good acts, are declared by the Ved to be indispensable in the mind’s approximation to God.” Yet I have experienced that the spirit can Yet the spirit can for the time Yet the spirit can for the time Yet the spirit can for the time pervade and control every member and function of the body, and transmute what in form may be the lowest and is the is the is the grossest sensuality into 11b
Higher Laws 11b written: D rewritten: E, G
D: Higher Laws 11b follows a missing leaf. “Perhaps there is none … and made them worse” was added to the manuscript on a separate leaf.
G: A fair copy was made of only “purity and devotion. The generative … allied to beasts, the creatures of”.

(Ronald Clapper)
inspiration inspiration purity purity purity and devotion. The divine liquors divine liquors vital energies divine liquors vital energies vital energies generative energy generative energy, which, when we are loose, and profligate and dissipated, defile and make us unclean & bestial and debauched, defile and make us unclean and bestial and debauched, defile and make us unclean and bestial dissipates and makes us unclean and bestial dissipates and makes us unclean, when we are continent and chaste, inspire and invigorate us and chaste, inspire and invigorate us invigorates and inspires us invigorates and inspires us. invigorates and inspires us. invigorates and inspires us. A heroic and chaste man tastes his vigor sweet in his mouth. Chastity which includes all temperance and purity is the secret of genius A heroic and chaste man tastes his vigor sweet in his mouth. Chastity which includes all temperance and purity is the secret of genius A heroic and chaste man tastes his vigor sweet in his mouth. Chastity which includes all temperance and purity is the secret of genius A heroic man tastes his vigor sweet in his mouth. Chastity is the secret of genius. Chastity is the flowering of man & what are called Genius—Heroism—Holiness and the like, are the but various fruits which succeed it Chastity is the flowering of man; and what are called Genius, Heroism, Holiness, and the like, are but various fruits which succeed it. Man flows at once to God as soon as the channel of purity, physical intellectual and moral as soon as the channel of purity, physical and moral when the channel of purity when the channel of purity when the channel of purity when the channel of purity is open. By turns my purity has inspired me and my impurity has cast me my purity has inspired me and my impurity cast me our purity inspires and our impurity casts us our purity inspires and our impurity casts us our purity inspires and our impurity casts us our purity inspires and our impurity casts us down. He is a happy man a happy man blessed blessed blessed blessed who is assured that the animal is dying out in him day by day, and the spiritual spiritual man divine divine divine divine being established. Perhaps there is no man no man no human being none none none none but has cause for shame on account of the inferior and brutish nature to which he is allied, though his superior divine nature be not subjected to it allied, though his superior divine nature be not subjected to it allied. allied. allied. We Perhaps I fear We I fear that we I fear that we I fear that we are such gods or demigods only as fauns and satyrs, the divine allied to beasts, the creatures of instinct and appetite, and instinct and appetite, and instinct and appetite, and instinct and appetite, and that appetite, and that, to some extent, our very life is our disgrace.—
 
“How happy’s he who hath due place assigned
 
To his beasts and disafforested his mind!
* * *
 
Can use this horse, goat, wolf, and ev’ry beast,
 
And is not ass himself to all the rest!
 
Else man not only is the herd of swine,
 
But he’s those devils too which did incline
 
Them to a headlong rage, and made them worse.”
12
Higher Laws 12 written: D rewritten: E, E
D: “In the student sensuality is … performance of rites merely” does not appear in the manuscript.
E: A second fair copy was made of only “If you would be chaste … performance of rites merely”.

(Ronald Clapper)
All sensuality is one, though it takes many forms; all spirituality spirituality purity purity purity purity is one. It is the same thing whether we same thing whether we same whether a man same whether a man same whether a man eat, or drink, or cohabit, or sleep sensually. They are but one appetite, and we only need to see a person do any one of these things to know how great a sensualist he is, and how he might do any other is , and how he might do any other is. is. is. The impure can neither stand nor sit with purity; the pure cannot eat nor drink nor cohabit with impurity purity ; the pure cannot eat, nor drink nor drink nor cohabit with impurity purity. purity. purity. When the reptile is attacked at one mouth of his burrow, he shows himself at another. It is therefore vain to watch, or to pour water to drown him out at one alone, when he may be far out in the clover field by another another. It is therefore vain to watch, or to pour water to drown him out at one alone, when he may be far out in the clover field by another another. another. another. If you would be chaste, you must be temperate. What is chastity? How shall a man know if he is chaste? He shall not know it. We have heard of this virtue, but we know not what it is. We speak conformably to the rumor which we have heard. From exertion come wisdom and purity; from sloth ignorance and r
Revision note: E1: sensuality. If you seek the warmth even of affection from a similar motive to that from which cats & dogs & slothful persons hug the fire, you are on the downward road. Better the cold affection of the sun, reflected from fields of ice & snow or his warmth in some still
a leaf is missing attain to. We may love and not elevate one another. The love that takes us as it finds us, degrades us. What watch we must keep over the fairest & finest of our affections lest there be some taint about them. May we so love as never to have occasion to repent of our love
sensuality. Go not to a warm latitude in order to live a simple and pure life. It will be harder there than it is here. If you migrate let it be to a colder and more stubborn soil still. Be a highlander, a mountaineer in virtue. Virtue was not born under a palm tree
r
Revision note: E1: sensuality. If you seek the warmth even of affection from a similar motive to that from which cats & dogs & slothful persons hug the fire, you are on the downward road. Better the cold affection of the sun, reflected from fields of ice & snow or his warmth in some still
a leaf is missing attain to. We may love and not elevate one another. The love that takes us as it finds us, degrades us. What watch we must keep over the fairest & finest of our affections lest there be some taint about them. May we so love as never to have occasion to repent of our love
sensuality. Go not to a warm latitude in order to live a simple and pure life. It will be harder there than it is here. If you migrate let it be to a colder and more stubborn soil still. Be a highlander, a mountaineer in virtue. Virtue was not born under a palm tree
sensuality. sensuality. sensuality.
r
Revision note: E1:
In the student sensuality is a sluggish habit of mind.
r
Revision note: E1:
In the student sensuality is a sluggish habit of mind.
In the student sensuality is a sluggish habit of mind. In the student sensuality is a sluggish habit of mind. In the student sensuality is a sluggish habit of mind.
An unclean person is r
Revision note: E1:
universally
r
Revision note: E1:
universally
universally universally universally
a slothful one, one who sits r
Revision note: E1: astride of a stove; who remains in bed after the light-bringer has awakened him
astride of a stove; who remains in bed after the light-bringer has awakened him
r
Revision note: E1: astride of a stove; who remains in bed after the light-bringer has awakened him
astride of a stove; who remains in bed after the light-bringer has awakened him
by a stove, by a stove, by a stove,
whom the sun shines on prostrate, who reposes without being fatigued. If you would avoid r
Revision note: E1: uncleanness, impurity
uncleanness, impurity
r
Revision note: E1: uncleanness, impurity
uncleanness, impurity
uncleanness, uncleanness, uncleanness,
and all the sins, work r
Revision note: E1: earnestly and industriously
earnestly and industriously
r
Revision note: E1: earnestly and industriously
earnestly and industriously
earnestly, earnestly, earnestly,
though it be at cleaning a stable. Nature r
Revision note: E1: And considering the state of the worker, how can his work be other than cleaning a stable? It is the first job he will find to do. Ah! nature
And considering the state of the worker, how can his work be other than cleaning a stable? It This is the first job work he will find to do. Though it is made an important object with some reformers to put their washing out & get it done by the community—but they will find at last that they have got to take it further in—their washing and their purifying Ah! nature
r
Revision note: E1: And considering the state of the worker, how can his work be other than cleaning a stable? It is the first job he will find to do. Ah! nature
And considering the state of the worker, how can his work be other than cleaning a stable? It This is the first job work he will find to do. Though it is made an important object with some reformers to put their washing out & get it done by the community—but they will find at last that they have got to take it further in—their washing and their purifying Ah! nature
Nature Nature Nature
is hard to be overcome, but she must be overcome. What avails it that you are Christian, if you are not r
Revision note: E1: more pure
more pure purer
r
Revision note: E1: more pure
more pure purer
purer purer purer
than the heathen, if you deny yourself no more, if you are not more religious? I know of many systems of religion esteemed heathenish whose precepts fill the reader with shame, and provoke him to new endeavors, though it be to the performance of rites merely.
13
Higher Laws 13 written: D rewritten: E, G
G: A fair copy was made of only “however offensive it may be … calling these things trifles”.

(Ronald Clapper)
I hesitate to say these things, but it is not because of the subject,— but because I cannot speak of them without betraying my impurity but because I cannot speak of them without betraying my impurity. I am not afraid that my words will be obscene—nobody is—I am only afraid that you will think me obscene— because I I care not how obscene my are,—but because I cannot speak of them without betraying my impurity. I care not how obscene my are,—but because I cannot speak of them without betraying my impurity. I care not how obscene my are,—but because I cannot speak of them without betraying my impurity. We discourse freely without shame of one form of sensuality, and are silent about another. We are so degraded that we cannot speak simply of the necessary functions of human nature. In earlier ages, every function was reverently spoken of and regulated by law. In earlier ages, in some countries, every function was reverently spoken of and regulated by law. In earlier ages, in some countries, every function was reverently spoken of and regulated by law. In earlier ages, in some countries, every function was reverently spoken of and regulated by law. In earlier ages, in some countries, every function was reverently spoken of and regulated by law. Nothing is was was was was was too trivial or offensive to modern taste for the Hindoo lawgiver or however offensive to modern taste for the Hindoo lawgiver or however offensive to modern taste for the Hindoo lawgiver however offensive to modern taste for the Hindoo lawgiver however offensive it may be to modern taste for the Hindoo lawgiver, however offensive it may be to modern taste. He teaches how to eat, drink, cohabit, void excrement and urine, sleep, &c., &c. sleep, &c., &c. and the like and the like, and the like, and the like, elevating what is mean, and does not falsely excuse himself by calling these things trifles.
14
Higher Laws 14 written: E rewritten: G
E: “Every man is the builder … by hammering marble instead” is interlined.
E: “We are all sculptors and painters … sensuality to imbrute them” does not appear in the manuscript in E or in the original copying of G but is interlined in pencil in G.

(Ronald Clapper)
Every man is the builder of a temple, called his body, to the god he worships, after a style, neither Egyptian nor Grecian, nor Gothic—but style, neither Egyptian nor Grecian, nor Gothic—but style , neither Egyptian, nor Grecian, nor Gothic, but style purely his own, nor can he get off by hammering marble instead. Who can doubt the influence of the character on the bodily features? We Who can doubt the influence of the character on the bodily features? We Who can doubt the influence of the character on the bodily features? We We are all sculptors and painters, and our material is our own flesh and blood and bones. Any nobleness begins at once to refine a man’s features, any meanness or sensuality to imbrute them.
15
Higher Laws 15 written: D rewritten: E, G
G: A fair copy was made of only “John Farmer set at his door … Those same stars twinkle over other fields”.

(Ronald Clapper)
John Spaulding Spaulding Spaulding Spaulding Farmer sat at his door one evening in September evening in September September evening September evening, September evening, September evening, after a hard day’s work, his mind still running on his work work labor labor labor labor more or less. Having bathed, he sat down to recreate his intellectual man. had sat down to think a quiet thought, and recreate his intellectual part had sat down to think a quiet thought, and recreate his intellectual part man had sat down to think a quiet thought, and recreate his intellectual part man sat down to think a quiet thought, and recreate his intellectual man sat down to recreate his intellectual man It was a rather cool evening, and some of his neighbors were apprehending a frost. but his instinct Genius apprehended something else frost. but his instinct Genius apprehended something else frost. but his instinct Genius apprehended something else frost —but his Genius was apprehending something else frost. He had not attended to the train of his thoughts long when he heard some one playing on a flute, and that sound harmonized with his mood. one of his neighbors playing on his flute and that was a sound which harmonized with his mood one of his neighbors playing on his flute, and that was a sound which harmonized with his mood some one playing on a flute, and that sound guided him back toward a path he had lost in the morning one of his neighbors playing on his flute, and that was a sound which harmonized with his mood some one playing on a flute, and that sound guided him back toward a path he had lost in the morning some one playing on a flute, and that sound guided him back toward a path he had lost harmonized with his mood some one playing on a flute, and that sound harmonized with his mood Still Still Still Still Still he thought of his work at first work; work; work; work; but the burden of his thought was, but the burden of his thought was, but the burden of his thought was, but the burden of his thought was, but the burden of his thought was, that though it it this it this his work this this kept running in his head, and he found himself planning and contriving it against his will, yet how little it concerned him how little it concerned him very little it concerned him very little. it concerned him very little. it concerned him very little. It was no more than the scurf of his skin, which was constantly shuffled off —or rather by this effort he cast his slough from time to time off —or rather by this effort he cast his slough from time to time off —or rather by this effort he cast his slough from time to time off —or rather by this effort he cast his slough from time to time off. But the notes of the flute came home to his ears out of a different sphere from that he worked in, or his neighbors lived in & they or his neighbors lived in, and they or his neighbors lived in, and they or his neighbors lived in, and and suggested work for certain faculties which slumbered in him. They gently did away with the street, and the village, and the state in which he lived. A voice seemed to say seemed to say seemed to say seemed to say said said to him,—Why do you stay here and live this mean dusty mean dusty mean mean mean moiling life, when a worthy and glorious worthy and glorious glorious glorious glorious existence is possible for you? Those same stars twinkle over other fields than this this these. these. these. —But how to come out of this condition condition condition and actually migrate thither? All that he could think of was to practise some new austerity, to let his mind descend into his body and redeem it, and treat himself with ever increasing respect.
XVersion
Higher Laws n
Note: The title “Animal Food” is inserted at the top of the leaf containing Higher Laws 1a. (R. Clapper)
1a
Higher Laws 1a written: E rewritten: F

(Ronald Clapper)
AS I came home through the woods with my string of fish, trailing my polealong, pole along pole, pole, it being now quite dark, I caught a glimpse of a woodchuck stealing across my path, and felt a strange thrill as it were thrill as it were thrill thrill of savage delight, and was strongly tempted to seize and devour him raw; not that I was hungry but for that wildness which he represented. not that I was hungry then, except for that wildness which he represented. not that I was hungry then, except for that wildness which he represented. not that I was hungry then, except for that wildness which he represented. Once or twice, however, while I lived at the pond, I found myself ranging the woods, like a half-starved hound, with a strange abandonment, seeking some kind of venison which I might devour, and no morsel could have been too savage for me. Once or twice, however, while I lived at the pond, I found myself ranging the woods, like a half-starved hound, with a strange abandonment, seeking some kind of venison which I might devour, and no morsel could have been too savage for me. Once or twice, however, while I lived at the pond, I found myself ranging the woods, like a half-starved hound, with a strange abandonment, seeking some kind of venison which I might devour, and no morsel could have been too savage for me. The wildest scenes had become unaccountably familiar to me. Indeed I find familiar to me. Indeed I find I found familiar. I found familiar. I found in myself, and still find, and still find, and still find, an instinct toward a higher, what is called you may call is called moral life,— I use the word with hesitation, because though we have the idea, we have not the reality,— and also or what is called moral spiritual life, as do most men and or, as it is named, spiritual life, as do most men, and or, as it is named, spiritual life, as do most men, and another toward a primitive rank and savage one, and I reverence them both. Some would say that the one impulse was directly from God, the other through nature both. both. both. I love the wild not less than the good. 1b
Higher Laws 1b written: A rewritten: E, F
A: Higher Laws 1b follows Higher Laws 3a and precedes Higher Laws 3b. The order of the material in A is as follows: 5a, 1c, 3a, 1b, 3b, 1d, 3d, 5b.
A: [Higher Laws 1b appears as follows. I love sometimes to take rank hold on life, and spend my day more as the animals do. The novelty and adventure that are in this pursuit recommend it to me.

(Ronald Clapper)
The novelty novelty novelty novelty novelty novelty wildness wildness wildness and adventure that are in fishing recommend recommended recommend recommended recommend recommended recommend recommended recommend recommended still recommended still recommended still recommended it to me. I love love love love love love like like sometimes to take rank hold on life and spend my day more as the animals do. Perhaps I have owed to this employment and to hunting, when quite young, when quite young, when quite young, my closest acquaintance with Nature. 1c
Higher Laws 1c written: A rewritten: E, F
A: Higher Laws 1c follows Higher Laws 5a and precedes Higher Laws 3a.
A: Higher Laws 1c appears as follows. It tempts me continually because perhaps, if I attempt to analyze my motive perhaps, if I can analyze my motive it is a means of becoming acquainted with nature—not only merely with fishes—but with night and water—and the scenery—which I should not otherwise see under the same aspects. It introduces me to the night & to the wildest scenes & detains me there. The best way to become acquainted with any scenery is to follow some pursuit in it which harmonizes with it. Fishermen & hunters see nature at an advantage which the philosopher never enjoys. She is not afraid to exhibit herself to them
E: Higher Laws 1c appears as follows. They introduced me early to the wildest scenes and detained me there. The best way to become acquainted with any scenery is to engage in some pursuit in it which harmonizes with it. Fishermen & hunters see nature under some advantages which poets and philosophers do not enjoy. She is not afraid to exhibit herself to them.
F: Higher Laws 1c appears as follows. They introduced me early to the wildest scenes and detained me there. The best way to become acquainted with any scenery is to engage in some pursuit in it which harmonizes with it. Fishermen and hunters see nature under some advantages which poets and philosophers do not enjoy Fishermen, hunters, woodchoppers & the like—spending their lives in her midst as a part of herself—in the intervals of their pursuits are in a more favorable mood for observing her than philosophers or poets even who approach her with expectation. She is not afraid to exhibit herself to them.

(Ronald Clapper)
They early introduce us to and detain us in scenery with which otherwise, at that age, we should have little acquaintance. Fishermen, hunters, woodchoppers, and others, spending their lives in the fields and woods, in a peculiar sense a part of Nature themselves, are often in a more favorable mood for observing her, in the intervals of their pursuits, than philosophers or poets even, who approach her with expectation. She is not afraid to exhibit herself to them. 1d
Higher Laws 1d written: A rewritten: E, F
A: Higher Laws 1d follows Higher Laws 3b and precedes Higher Laws 3d.
A: Higher Laws 1d appears as follows. But the ramble by the river and meadow seems to be is otherwise incomplete, and to want wants a sufficient aim for itself without this purpose. The traveller of the prairie is a hunter—of the head-waters of the Missouri & Columbia—a trapper. Those who go to the Falls of St. Mary are fishermen. The traveller who is only a traveller learns things by the halves, and at 2 hand—and is poor authority.

(Ronald Clapper)
The traveller on the prairie is naturally a hunter, on the head waters of the Missouri and Columbia a trapper, and at the Falls of St. Mary a fisherman. The ramble by the river and meadow seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry a fish-pole,—I sold my gun long before I went to the woods. The traveller The ramble by the river and meadow seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry a fish-pole,—I sold my gun long before I went to the woods. The traveller The ramble by the river and meadow seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry a fish-pole,—I sold my gun long before I went to the woods. The traveller The ramble by the river and meadow seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry a fish-pole,—I sold my gun long before I went to the woods. The traveller The ramble by the river and meadow seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry a fish-pole,—I sold my gun long before I went to the woods. The traveller The ramble by the river and meadow might have seemed sometimes incomplete, and without a sufficient purpose, if I did not carry had not carried a fish-pole. The traveller He He who is only a traveller learns things at second-hand and by the halves, and is poor authority. We are most interested when science reports what those men already know—for this is some human life in those scenes We are most interested when science reports what those men already know practically or instinctively, for that alone is a true , or account of human experience. We are most interested when science reports what those men already know practically or instinctively, for that alone is a true , or account of human experience.
2
Higher Laws 2 written: E rewritten: E
E: Higher Laws 2 and Higher Laws 3c were added to the manuscript after Higher Laws 3b and before Higher Laws 3d. A fair copy of Higher Laws 2 was made in its present order.

(Ronald Clapper)
They mistake who assert that the Yankee has few amusements, because he has not so many public holidays, and men and boys do not play r
Revision note: E1: as
as so
so so so
many games as they do in England, for here the more primitive but solitary amusements of hunting fishing, r
Revision note: E1: nutting &c.
nutting &c. & the like
and the like and the like and the like
have not yet given place to the former. r
Revision note: E1: I remember when almost
As Even I remember when almost
Almost Almost Almost
every New England boy r
Revision note: E1:
among my contemporaries
among my contemporaries among my contemporaries among my contemporaries
shouldered his a a a a fowling piece between the ages of ten and fourteen; and his hunting and fishing r
Revision note: E1: ground was
ground was grounds were
grounds were grounds were grounds were
not limited like the preserves of an English nobleman, but r
Revision note: E1:
were
were were were
more boundless r
Revision note: E1:
even
even even even
than those of a savage. No wonder, then, that he did not oftener oftener oftener oftener stay to play on the common. But already a change is taking place, owing, not to an increased humanity, but to an increased scarcity of r
Revision note: E1: large game. A distinction was made by my compeers between blackbirds and robins, and often that boy lost cast who was known to have killed one of the latter
large game. A distinction was made by my compeers between blackbirds and robins, and often that boy lost cast who was known to have killed one of the latter Yet perhaps the hunter is the greatest friend of the animals hunted not excepting the humane society
game, for perhaps the hunter is the greatest friend of the animals hunted, not excepting the Humane Society. game, for perhaps the hunter is the greatest friend of the animals hunted, not excepting the Humane Society. game, for perhaps the hunter is the greatest friend of the animals hunted, not excepting the Humane Society.
3a
Higher Laws 3a written: A rewritten: E, E, E

(Ronald Clapper)
—and occasionally, though not so often, because I wish to add fish to my fare for variety—I actually fish sometimes as naturally—and from the same kind of necessity—as the first fishermen did. Moreover, when at the pond, I wished sometimes to add fish to my fare for variety. I have actually fished from the same kind of necessity that the first fishers did. 3b
Higher Laws 3b written: A rewritten: E, E, E
A: Higher Laws 3b follows Higher Laws 1b and precedes Higher Laws 1d.
A: Higher Laws 3b appears as follows. Whatever humanity I may conjure up against it is all factitious, & concerns my philosophy more than my actual feelings—not that I am less humane than others—but I do not perceive that these are affected very much my feelings are much affected. I do not pity the fishes nor the worms. This is habit.

(Ronald Clapper)
Whatever humanity I might conjure up against it was all factitious, and concerned my philosophy more than my r
Revision note: E1: actual feelings
actual feelings
r
Revision note: E1: actual feelings
actual feelings
r
Revision note: E1: actual feelings
actual feelings
r
Revision note: E1: actual feelings
actual feelings
r
Revision note: E1: actual feelings
actual feelings
feelings. feelings. feelings.
r
Revision note: E1: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now for I had long felt differently about it gunning
E2: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about gunning fowling
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling—and sold my gun before I went to the woods
r
Revision note: E1: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now for I had long felt differently about it gunning
E2: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about gunning fowling
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling—and sold my gun before I went to the woods
r
Revision note: E1: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now for I had long felt differently about it gunning
E2: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about gunning fowling
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling—and sold my gun before I went to the woods
r
Revision note: E1: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now for I had long felt differently about it gunning
E2: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about gunning fowling
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling—and sold my gun before I went to the woods
r
Revision note: E1: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now for I had long felt differently about it gunning
E2: I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about gunning fowling
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling—and sold my gun before I went to the woods
I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods. I speak of fishing only now, for I had long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods.
Not that I am less humane than others, but I did not perceive that my feelings were much affected. I did not pity the fishes nor the worms. This was habit. 3c
Higher Laws 3c written: E rewritten: E
E: Higher Laws 2 and 3c were added to the manuscript between Higher Laws 3b and 3d. A fair copy of only “As for fowling, during the last years … I have been willing to omit the gun” was made when Higher Laws 2 was copied in its present order.

(Ronald Clapper)
r
Revision note: E1: In after years
In after years In later years As for fowling during the last years that I carried a gun
As for fowling, during the last years that I carried a gun As for fowling, during the last years that I carried a gun As for fowling, during the last years that I carried a gun
my excuse was that I was studying ornithology, and r
Revision note: E1: I sought
I sought
sought sought sought
only new or rare birds. But I r
Revision note: E1: now
now confess that I am now inclined to
confess that I am now inclined to confess that I am now inclined to confess that I am now inclined to
think that there is a finer way of studying ornithology than this. It requires so much closer attention to the habits of the birds, that, if for that reason only, I r
Revision note: E1: am
am have been
have been have been have been
willing to omit the gun. But Yet Yet Yet notwithstanding the objection on the score of humanity, I am compelled to doubt if equally valuable sports are ever substituted for these; 3d
Higher Laws 3d written: A rewritten: E
A: [Higher Laws 3d follows Higher Laws 1d and precedes Higher Laws 5b.
A: Higher Laws 3d appears as follows. When some of my friends have asked me anxiously about their boys—whether they should let them hunt or not—I have answered yes—remembering that it was the best part of my education. Aye, make them hunters of such skill & tenacity & enterprise that at last they shall not find game large enough for them in these woods

(Ronald Clapper)
When When When When When and when and when and when some of my friends have asked me anxiously about their boys, whether they should let them hunt, I have answered, yes,—remembering that it was one of the best parts of my education,— them hunters, though sportsmen only at first, if possible, mighty hunters at last, so that they shall not find game large enough for them in these woods, or in these woods, or in these woods, or in these woods, or in these woods, or in this or this or this or any vegetable wilderness,— hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. hunters as well as fishers of men. 3e
Higher Laws 3e written: E

(Ronald Clapper)
Thus far I am of the opinion of Chaucer’s nun, who
 
“yave not of the text a pulled hen
 
That saith that hunters ben not holy men.”
There is a period in the history of the individual, as of the race, when the hunters are the “best men,” as the Algonquins called them. We cannot but pity the boy who has never fired a gun; he is no more humane, while his education is has been sadly incomplete has been sadly neglected. has been sadly neglected. has been sadly neglected. This was my answer with respect to those youths who were bent on this pursuit, trusting that they would soon outgrow it. This was my answer with respect to those youths who were bent on this pursuit, trusting that they would soon outgrow it. This was my answer with respect to those youths who were bent on this pursuit, trusting that they would soon outgrow it. This was my answer with respect to those youths who were bent on this pursuit, trusting that they would soon outgrow it. 3f
Higher Laws 3f written: A rewritten: E
G: Higher Laws 3f is interlined.

(Ronald Clapper)
No humane being, past the thoughtless age of boyhood, will wantonly murder any creature, which holds its life by the same tenure that he does. The hare in its extremity cries like a child. I warn you, mothers, that my sympathies do not always make the usual phil- distinctions.
4
Higher Laws 4 written: F rewritten: G
G: A fair copy was made of only “know nothing about the hook of hooks … the hunter stage of development”.

(Ronald Clapper)
Such is oftenest the young man’s introduction to the forest, and wild, and to and and the most original part of himself. He goes thither at first as a hunter and fisher, until at last, the poet or naturalist in him distinguishes his proper object if he has the seeds of a better life in him he distinguishes his proper objects, as a poet or naturalist perhaps if he has the seeds of a better life in him, he distinguishes his proper objects, as a poet or naturalist it may be, if he has the seeds of a better life in him, he distinguishes his proper objects, as a poet or naturalist it may be, and leaves the gun and fish-pole behind. The mass of men are still and always young in this respect. In some countries a hunting person is no uncommon sight who is death to the foxes that steal his parishioners’ mutton, but has never trained himself to destroy the wolf that harries his own flock, the parishioners themselves In some countries a hunting parson is no uncommon sight. Such a one might make a good shepherd’s dog, but is far from being the Good Shepherd. In some countries a hunting parson is no uncommon sight. Such a one might make a good shepherd’s dog, but is far from being the Good Shepherd. I have been surprised to consider that the only obvious employment, except wood-chopping, ice-cutting, or the like wood-chopping, ice-cutting, or the like wood-chopping, ice-cutting, or the like business, which ever to my knowledge detained at Walden Pond for a whole half day any of my fellow-citizens, whether fathers or children of the town, with just one exception, was fishing. Commonly Commonly Commonly they did not think that they were lucky, or well paid for their time, unless they got a long string of fish, though they had the opportunity of seeing the pond all the while. They measured their success by the length of a string of fish. while. while. They might go there a thousand times before the sediment of fishing would sink to the bottom and leave their purpose pure; but no doubt such a clarifying process would be going on all the while. but no doubt such a clarifying process would be going on all the while. but no doubt such a clarifying process would be going on all the while. The governor and his council faintly remember the pond, for they went a-fishing there when they were boys; but now they are too old and dignified to go a-fishing, and so they know it no more forever. Yet even they expect to go to heaven at last. Yet even they expect to go to heaven at last. Yet even they expect to go to heaven at last. If the legislature regards it, it is chiefly to regulate the number of hooks to be used in fishing used used there; but they know nothing about the book of hooks with which to angle for the pond itself, impaling the legislature for a bait. Thus, even in civilized society societies communities communities, the embryo man passes through the hunter stage of development.
5a
Higher Laws 5a written: A rewritten: E, G

(Ronald Clapper)
I have found repeatedly, of late years, that I cannot fish without falling a little in self-respect. I have tried it again and again. I have skill at it, and, as I have said as I have said as I have said as I have said as I have said as I have said as I have said like many of my fellows like many of my fellows, a certain instinct for it, which revives from time to time, but always when I have done I feel that it would have been better if I had not fished. I think I am not mistaken I am not mistaken I am not mistaken I am not mistaken I am not mistaken I am not mistaken that I am not mistaken do not mistake that I do not mistake. It is a faint intimation, yet so are the first streaks of morning. 5b
Higher Laws 5b written: A rewritten: E, E, G
A: Higher Laws 5b follows Higher Laws 3d and precedes a missing leaf (#153). The next leaf (#155) contains Higher Laws 7.
E: A second fair copy was made of only “kind. It is a significant fact … abdomens betray them”.
G: A fair copy was made of only “There is unquestionably this instinct … at present I am no fisherman at all”.
A: Higher Laws 5b appears as follows. There is unquestionably this instinct in me which belongs to the lower order of creation. Yet with every year I am less a fisherman, though without more humanity or even wisdom. When I have caught my fish & cooked them, I have gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost

(Ronald Clapper)
There is unquestionably this instinct in me which belongs to the lower orders of creation; yet with every year I am less a fisherman, though without more humanity or even wisdom; in fact, at present in fact, at present in fact, at present in fact, at present in fact, at present in fact, at present in fact, at present at present I am no fisherman at all. But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest.though but I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to be a fisherman become a fisher and hunter in earnest But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest.though but I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to be a fisherman become a fisher and hunter in earnest But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest.though but I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to be a fisherman become a fisher and hunter in earnest But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest.though but I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to be a fisherman become a fisher and hunter in earnest But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest.though but I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to be a fisherman become a fisher and hunter in earnest But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest. But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest. But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted to become a fisher and hunter in earnest. When I have had caught my fish and cooked them, I have had gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost rather. There When I have had caught my fish and cooked them, I have had gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost rather. There When I have had caught my fish and cooked them, I have had gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost rather. There When I have had caught my fish and cooked them, I have had gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost rather. There When I have had caught my fish and cooked them, I have had gained nothing by it, but perhaps lost rather. There Beside, there Beside, there Beside, there is something essentially unclean about this diet and all flesh, and I began to see where housework commences, and whence the endeavor, which costs so much, to wear a tidy and respectable appearance each day, to keep the house sweet and free from all ill odors and sights. Being Being Being Being Being Having been Having been Having been my own butcher and scullion and cook, as well as the gentleman for whom the dishes are are are are are were were were served up, I can speak from an unusually complete experience. The practical objection to animal food in my case was its uncleanness; and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, and, besides, when I had caught and cleaned and cooked and eaten my fish, they seemed not to have fed me essentially. It was insignificant and unnecessary, after all. It was always to pay too dear for your whistle after all. It was always to pay too dear for your whistle after all. It was always to pay too dear for your whistle after all. It was always to pay too dear for your whistle after all. It was always to pay too dear for your whistle and cost more than it came to. and cost more than it came to. and cost more than it came to. A little bread or a few potatoes would have done as well, with less trouble and filth. Like many of my contemporaries, I had rarely for many years used animal food, or tea, or coffee, &c.; not so much because of any ill effects which I had traced to them in my own case, though I had my theories on that subject them in my own case, though I had my theories on that subject them in my own case, though I had my theories on that subject them in my own case, though I had my theories on that subject them in my own case, though I had my theories on that subject them, them, them, as because they were not agreeable to my imagination. The repugnance to animal food is not the effect of experience, but is an instinct. It appeared more beautiful to live low and fare hard in many respects; and though I never did so, I went far enough to please my imagination. I believe that every man since Adam, and including him, man since Adam, and including him, man since Adam, and including him, man since Adam, and including him, man since Adam, and including him, man man man who has ever been earnest to preserve his higher or poetic faculties in the best condition has been particularly inclined to abstain from animal food, and from much food of any kind. It is a significant fact, r
Revision note: E1: affirmed
affirmed stated
r
Revision note: E1: affirmed
affirmed stated
r
Revision note: E1: affirmed
affirmed stated
r
Revision note: E1: affirmed
affirmed stated
r
Revision note: E1: affirmed
affirmed stated
stated stated stated
by entomologists, r
Revision note: E1:
I find it in Kirby and Spence,
r
Revision note: E1:
I find it in Kirby and Spence,
r
Revision note: E1:
I find it in Kirby and Spence,
r
Revision note: E1:
I find it in Kirby and Spence,
r
Revision note: E1:
I find it in Kirby and Spence,
I find it in Kirby and Spence, I find it in Kirby and Spence, I find it in Kirby and Spence,
that “some insects in their perfect state, though furnished with organs of feeding, make no use of them , and consume no food whatever them , and consume no food whatever them , and consume no food whatever them , and consume no food whatever them , and consume no food whatever them; them; them; and they say, “it may be laid lay it say, “it may be laid lay it say, “it may be laid lay it say, “it may be laid lay it say, “it may be laid lay it lay it lay it lay it down as “a general rule, that almost all insects in this state eat much less than in that of larvæ. The voracious caterpillar when transformed into a butterfly needs only a small quantity of honey butterfly needs only a small quantity of honey butterfly needs only a small quantity of honey butterfly needs only a small quantity of honey butterfly needs only a small quantity of honey butterfly,” butterfly,” butterfly,” . . “and the gluttonous maggot when become a fly,” contents itself content themselves contents itself content themselves contents itself content themselves contents itself content themselves contents itself content themselves content themselves content themselves content themselves with a drop or two of any honey or some other any honey or some other any honey or some other any honey or some other any honey or some other honey or some other honey or some other honey or some other sweet liquid. r
Revision note: E1: The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition. The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly still represents the larva. This is the tidbit that tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition . The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it nations without fancy or imagination whose vast abdomens betray them By a certain portion of Christendom the custom of doing without meat at certain seasons, which no doubt has a higher origin & significance than they are aware of, is made synonomous with fasting
r
Revision note: E1: The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition. The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly still represents the larva. This is the tidbit that tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition . The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it nations without fancy or imagination whose vast abdomens betray them By a certain portion of Christendom the custom of doing without meat at certain seasons, which no doubt has a higher origin & significance than they are aware of, is made synonomous with fasting
r
Revision note: E1: The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition. The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly still represents the larva. This is the tidbit that tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition . The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it nations without fancy or imagination whose vast abdomens betray them By a certain portion of Christendom the custom of doing without meat at certain seasons, which no doubt has a higher origin & significance than they are aware of, is made synonomous with fasting
r
Revision note: E1: The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition. The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly still represents the larva. This is the tidbit that tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition . The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it nations without fancy or imagination whose vast abdomens betray them By a certain portion of Christendom the custom of doing without meat at certain seasons, which no doubt has a higher origin & significance than they are aware of, is made synonomous with fasting
r
Revision note: E1: The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition. The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly still represents the larva. This is the tidbit that tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state, and there are whole nations in that condition . The abdomen of the butterfly still represents it nations without fancy or imagination whose vast abdomens betray them By a certain portion of Christendom the custom of doing without meat at certain seasons, which no doubt has a higher origin & significance than they are aware of, is made synonomous with fasting
The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly stir represents the larva. This is the tid-bit which tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state; and there are whole nations in that condition, nations without fancy or imagination, whose vast abdomens betray them. The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly stir represents the larva. This is the tid-bit which tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state; and there are whole nations in that condition, nations without fancy or imagination, whose vast abdomens betray them. The abdomen under the wings of the butterfly stir represents the larva. This is the tid-bit which tempts his insectivorous fate. The gross feeder is a man in the larva state; and there are whole nations in that condition, nations without fancy or imagination, whose vast abdomens betray them.
6
Higher Laws 6 written: E rewritten: E
E: A fair copy was made of only “It is hard to provide and cook … True, he can and does live, in a great measure”.

(Ronald Clapper)
r
Revision note: E1: Indeed it is hard in practice
Indeed it is hard in practice
It is hard It is hard It is hard
to provide and cook so simple and clean a diet as will not offend the imagination; r
Revision note: E1: and
and but
but but but
this, I think, is to be fed when we feed the body; they should both sit down at the same table. Yet r
Revision note: E1: perchance
perchance perhaps
perhaps perhaps perhaps
this may be done. The fruits eaten temperately need not make us ashamed of our appetites, nor interrupt the worthiest pursuits. But put an extra condiment into your dish, and it will poison you. It r
Revision note: E1: seems
seems is
is is is
not worth the while to live by r
Revision note: E1:
rich
rich rich rich
cookery. Most men would feel shame if caught preparing with their own hands precisely such a dinner, whether of animal or vegetable food, as is every day r
Revision note: E1: provided
provided prepared
prepared prepared prepared
for them by others. Yet till this is otherwise we are not civilized, and, if gentlemen and ladies, r
Revision note: E1: we are
we are
are are are
not true men and women. This certainly suggests what change is to be made. It may be vain to ask why the imagination will not be reconciled to flesh and fat. It is obvious I am satisfied I am satisfied I am satisfied I am satisfied that it is not. Is it not a reproach that man is a carnivorous r
Revision note: E1: animal? I speak now while I am bringing home a string of fish, or a partridge or rabbit which I have snared, or if you prefer it a lamb which I have slaughtered
animal? I speak now while I am bringing home a string of fish, or a partridge or rabbit which I have snared, or if you prefer it a lamb which I have slaughtered.
animal? animal? animal?
True, he can and does live, in a great measure, by preying on other animals; but this is a miserable way of sustaining himself way, way, way, as any one who will go to snaring rabbits, or slaughtering lambs, may learn, as any one who will go to snaring rabbits, or slaughtering lambs, may learn, as any one who will go to snaring rabbits, or slaughtering lambs, may learn, as any one who will go to snaring rabbits, or slaughtering lambs, may learn, —and he will be regarded as a benefactor of his race , along with Prometheus and Christ together with Prometheus and Christ race race race who shall teach man to confine himself to to confine himself to to confine himself to to confine himself to a more innocent and wholesome diet. Whatever my own practice may be, I have no doubt that it is a part of the destiny of the human race, in its gradual improvement, to leave off eating animals, as surely as the savage tribes have left off eating each other when they came in contact with the more civilized. Whatever my own practice may be, I have no doubt that it is a part of the destiny of the human race, in its gradual improvement, to leave off eating animals, as surely as the savage tribes have left off eating each other when they came in contact with the more civilized. Whatever my own practice may be, I have no doubt that it is a part of the destiny of the human race, in its gradual improvement, to leave off eating animals, as surely as the savage tribes have left off eating each other when they came in contact with the more civilized. Whatever my own practice may be, I have no doubt that it is a part of the destiny of the human race, in its gradual improvement, to leave off eating animals, as surely as the savage tribes have left off eating each other when they came in contact with the more civilized.
7
Higher Laws 7 written: A rewritten: E
A: Higher Laws 7 follows a missing leaf (#153).

(Ronald Clapper)
If I listen to the faintest but constant suggestions of my genius which are certainly true I see not to what extremes or even insanity it would lead me—and yet that way as I grow more resolute and faithful my road lies If I listen to the faintest but constant suggestions of my genius which are certainly true I see not to what extremes or even insanity it would lead me—and yet that way as I grow more resolute and faithful my road lies If I listen to the faintest but constant suggestions of my genius which are certainly true I see not to what extremes or even insanity it would lead me—and yet that way as I grow more resolute and faithful my road lies If I listen to the faintest but constant suggestions of my genius which are certainly true I see not to what extremes or even insanity it would lead me—and yet that way as I grow more resolute and faithful my road lies If I listen one listens to the faintest but constant suggestions of my his genius, which are certainly true, I see he sees not to what extremes or even insanity it would lead me may lead him and yet that way as I grow he grows more resolute and faithful my his road lies If one listens to the faintest but constant suggestions of his genius, which are certainly true, he sees not to what extremes, or even insanity, it may lead him; and yet that way, as he grows more resolute and faithful, his road lies. If one listens to the faintest but constant suggestions of his genius, which are certainly true, he sees not to what extremes, or even insanity, it may lead him; and yet that way, as he grows more resolute and faithful, his road lies. If one listens to the faintest but constant suggestions of his genius, which are certainly true, he sees not to what extremes, or even insanity, it may lead him; and yet that way, as he grows more resolute and faithful, his road lies. The faintest assured objection which one healthy man feels will at length prevail over the arguments and customs of mankind. No man ever followed his genius till it misled him. Though the result were bodily weakness, yet no man perhaps no man perhaps no man perhaps no man perhaps no man one perhaps perhaps no one perhaps no one perhaps no one can say that the consequences were to be regretted, for these were a life in conformity to higher principles. If the day and the night are such that you greet them with joy, and life emits a fragrance like flowers and sweet-scented herbs, is more is more is more is more is more is more is more elastic, more starry, more immortal,— that is your success. All nature is your congratulation, and you have cause momentarily to bless yourself. The greatest gains and values are farthest from being appreciated. We can easily easily easily easily easily easily easily easily come to doubt if they exist. We soon forget them. They are the highest reality. Perhaps Perhaps Perhaps Perhaps the facts most astounding and most real are never communicated by man to man. The true harvest of my daily life is somewhat as intangible and indescribable as the tints of morning or evening. It is a little star-dust caught, It is a segment a segment a segment a segment a segment a segment a segment a segment of the rainbow which I have clutched But practically I am but only half-converted by my own arguments for I still fish clutched. clutched. clutched. clutched. clutched. clutched. clutched.
8
Higher Laws 8 written: E

(Ronald Clapper)
Yet, for my own part for my part, for my part, for my part, I was never unusually squeamish I assure you squeamish; squeamish; squeamish; I could sometimes eat a fried rat with a good relish, if it were necessary. I am glad to have drunk water so long, for the same reason that I prefer the natural sky to an opium-eater’s heaven. I would fain keep sober always; and there are infinite degrees of drunkenness. I believe that it water water water water is the only drink for a wise man; wine is not so noble a liquor if it is to drink, and wine is not so noble a liquor; and wine is not so noble a liquor; and wine is not so noble a liquor; and think of dashing the hopes of a morning with a cup of warm coffee, or of an evening with a dish of tea! Ah how low I fell when I was tempted by them Ah, how low I fall when I am tempted by them! Ah, how low I fall when I am tempted by them! Ah, how low I fall when I am tempted by them! Even music may be intoxicating. Such apparently slight causes destroyed Greece and Rome, and will destroy England and America. Of all ebriosity, I who does not prefer to be intoxicated on the air I breathe he breathes who does not prefer to be intoxicated by the air he breathes? who does not prefer to be intoxicated by the air he breathes? who does not prefer to be intoxicated by the air he breathes? I have found it to be the most serious objection to coarse labors long continued, that they compelled me to eat and drink coarsely also. I have found it to be the most serious objection to coarse labors long continued, that they compelled me to eat and drink coarsely also. I have found it to be the most serious objection to coarse labors long continued, that they compelled me to eat and drink coarsely also. But to tell the truth, I find myself at present somewhat less particular in these respects. I carry less religion to the table, ask no blessing; not because I am wiser than I was, but, I am obliged to confess, because, however much it is to be regretted, with years I have grown more coarse and indifferent. However, I do not regard Perhaps these questions are entertained only in youth, as most believe of poetry. My practice is “nowhere,” my opinion is here. Nevertheless I am far from regarding Perhaps these questions are entertained only in youth, as most believe of poetry. My practice is “nowhere,” my opinion is here. Nevertheless I am far from regarding Perhaps these questions are entertained only in youth, as most believe of poetry. My practice is “nowhere,” my opinion is here. Nevertheless I am far from regarding myself as one of those privileged ones to whom the Ved refers when it says, that “he who has true faith in the Omnipresent Supreme Being may eat all that exists,” that is, is not bound to inquire what is his food, or who prepares it; and even in their case it is to be observed, as Rammohun Roy a Hindoo commentator a Hindoo commentator a Hindoo commentator has remarked, that the Vedant limits this privilege to “the time of distress.”
9
Higher Laws 9 written: E

(Ronald Clapper)
Who has not sometimes derived an inexpressible satisfaction from his food in which appetite had no share? I have been thrilled to think that I owed a mental perception to the commonly gross sense of taste, that I have been inspired through the palate, that some berries which I had eaten on a hill-side had fed my brain, my fancy and imagination genius genius. genius. genius. “The soul not being mistress of herself,” says Thseng-tseu, “one looks, and one does not see; one listens, and one does not hear; one eats, and one does not know the savor of food.” And his master Confucius says says Confucius “Of all men there is no one who does not eat and drink, but very few among them know how to distinguish savors.” food.” food.” food.” He who distinguishes the true savor of his food can never be a glutton; he who does not cannot be otherwise. I have seen a puritan A puritan may a puritan may a puritan may a puritan may go to his brown-bread crust with as gross an appetite as ever an alderman to his turtle. I need not look beyond myself for my examples turtle. turtle. turtle. Not that food which entereth into the mouth defileth a man, but the appetite with which it is eaten. It is neither the quality nor the quantity, but the devotion to sensual savors; when that which is eaten is not a viand which sustains our peculiar human life but food for the worms that possess us when that which is eaten is not a viand to sustain our animal, or inspire our spiritual life, but food for the worms that possess us. when that which is eaten is not a viand to sustain our animal, or inspire our spiritual life, but food for the worms that possess us. when that which is eaten is not a viand to sustain our animal, or inspire our spiritual life, but food for the worms that possess us. If the hunter has a taste for mud-turtles, muskrats, and other such savage tid-bits, the fine lady indulges a taste for some form of potted cheese, or jelly jelly jelly jelly made of a calf’s foot, or for sardines from over the sea, and they are even. He goes to the mill-pond, she to her preserve-pot. The wonder is how they, how you and you and you and you and I, can live this slimy beastly life, eating and drinking. Though We are wont to attribute to woman a finer and more sibylline nature than to man, but I am struck with the fact that so many of the most refined young women are so intolerant of these reforms, and that the philosopher but I am struck with the fact that in these respects she is rarely a reformer is so intolerant of reform and that the philosopher I am not sure but he who seeks most faithfully to refine and ennoble life in these respects, will after all find more sympathy in the intellect & philosophy of man, than in the refinement and delicacy of woman. Can it be that woman yields a more implicit obedience to her animal instincts than man,—or are the harshness & crudity of all reform more repugnant to her taste & to her easy conforming nature? drinking. drinking. drinking.
10
Higher Laws 10 written: F

(Ronald Clapper)
How wonderfully moral is our whole life Our whole life is startlingly moral Our whole life is startlingly moral. Our whole life is startlingly moral. There is never an instant’s truce between virtue and vice. Goodness is the only investment that never fails. In the harp music music of the harp music of the harp music of the harp which trembles round the world it is the insisting on this which thrills us. The harp is the travelling patterer for the Universe’s Insurance Company, recommending its laws, and our little goodness is all the assessment that we pay. Though the youth at last grows indifferent, the laws of the universe are not indifferent, but are forever on the side of the most sensitive. Listen to every zephyr for some reproof, for it is surely there, and he is unfortunate who does not hear it. for sure it is surely there, & fortunate is he that hears it unfortunate is he that does not hear it for it is surely there, and he is unfortunate who does not hear it. for it is surely there, and he is unfortunate who does not hear it. We cannot touch a string or make a sound move a stop move a stop move a stop but the charming moral transfixes us. Many an irksome noise, go a long way off, is heard as music, a proud sweet satire on the meanness of our life lives lives. lives.
11a
Higher Laws 11a written: E rewritten: G

(Ronald Clapper)
I am conscious in myself of an animal nature which awakens when the spirit my intellectual nature slumbers, but while the spirit this is awake is inactive I am conscious in myself of an animal nature which awakens when the spirit my intellectual nature slumbers, but while the spirit this is awake is inactive We are conscious in ourselves of an animal in us which awakens in proportion as our intellectual higher nature slumbers We are conscious of an animal in us, which awakens in proportion as our higher nature slumbers. It is reptile and sensual, and perhaps cannot wholly be wholly be wholly be be wholly expelled; like the worms which, even in life and health, occupy our bodies. It feeds and drinks, and reposes, and would fain gratify the most sensual appetite, in spite of the spirit intellect. It would seem as if I might withdraw from it, but could Possibly we may withdraw from it, but Possibly we may withdraw from it, but Possibly we may withdraw from it, but never change its nature. I fear that it may even may may may enjoy a certain health of its own; that we may be well, yet not pure. I picked up the other day The other day I picked up The other day I picked up The other day I picked up the lower jaw of a hog, with white and sound teeth and tusks, which suggested that there was an animal health and vigor distinct from the spiritualas it is called spiritualas it is called spiritual as it is called spiritual. This creature succeeded by other means than temperance and purity. “That in which men differ from brute beasts,” says Mencius, “is a thing very inconsiderable; the common herd lose it very soon; superior men preserve it carefully.” I do not know how it is with other men, but I find it very difficult to be chaste. Methinks I can be chaste in my relation to persons, and yet I do not find myself clean. I have frequent cause to be ashamed of myself. I am well, but I am not pure. What other sort of life would result if I were I cannot say Who knows what sort of life would result if we had attained to purity? Who knows what sort of life would result if we had attained to purity? Who knows what sort of life would result if we had attained to purity? If I knew so wise a man as could teach me purity I would go to seek him forthwith. “A command over our passions, and over the external senses of the body, and good acts, are declared by the Ved to be indispensable in the mind’s approximation to God.” Yet I have experienced that the spirit can Yet the spirit can for the time Yet the spirit can for the time Yet the spirit can for the time pervade and control every member and function of the body, and transmute what in form may be the lowest and is the is the is the grossest sensuality into 11b
Higher Laws 11b written: D rewritten: E, G
D: Higher Laws 11b follows a missing leaf. “Perhaps there is none … and made them worse” was added to the manuscript on a separate leaf.
G: A fair copy was made of only “purity and devotion. The generative … allied to beasts, the creatures of”.

(Ronald Clapper)
inspiration inspiration purity purity purity and devotion. The divine liquors divine liquors vital energies divine liquors vital energies vital energies generative energy generative energy, which, when we are loose, and profligate and dissipated, defile and make us unclean & bestial and debauched, defile and make us unclean and bestial and debauched, defile and make us unclean and bestial dissipates and makes us unclean and bestial dissipates and makes us unclean, when we are continent and chaste, inspire and invigorate us and chaste, inspire and invigorate us invigorates and inspires us invigorates and inspires us. invigorates and inspires us. invigorates and inspires us. A heroic and chaste man tastes his vigor sweet in his mouth. Chastity which includes all temperance and purity is the secret of genius A heroic and chaste man tastes his vigor sweet in his mouth. Chastity which includes all temperance and purity is the secret of genius A heroic and chaste man tastes his vigor sweet in his mouth. Chastity which includes all temperance and purity is the secret of genius A heroic man tastes his vigor sweet in his mouth. Chastity is the secret of genius. Chastity is the flowering of man & what are called Genius—Heroism—Holiness and the like, are the but various fruits which succeed it Chastity is the flowering of man; and what are called Genius, Heroism, Holiness, and the like, are but various fruits which succeed it. Man flows at once to God as soon as the channel of purity, physical intellectual and moral as soon as the channel of purity, physical and moral when the channel of purity when the channel of purity when the channel of purity when the channel of purity is open. By turns my purity has inspired me and my impurity has cast me my purity has inspired me and my impurity cast me our purity inspires and our impurity casts us our purity inspires and our impurity casts us our purity inspires and our impurity casts us our purity inspires and our impurity casts us down. He is a happy man a happy man blessed blessed blessed blessed who is assured that the animal is dying out in him day by day, and the spiritual spiritual man divine divine divine divine being established. Perhaps there is no man no man no human being none none none none but has cause for shame on account of the inferior and brutish nature to which he is allied, though his superior divine nature be not subjected to it allied, though his superior divine nature be not subjected to it allied. allied. allied. We Perhaps I fear We I fear that we I fear that we I fear that we are such gods or demigods only as fauns and satyrs, the divine allied to beasts, the creatures of instinct and appetite, and instinct and appetite, and instinct and appetite, and instinct and appetite, and that appetite, and that, to some extent, our very life is our disgrace.—
 
“How happy’s he who hath due place assigned
 
To his beasts and disafforested his mind!
* * *
 
Can use this horse, goat, wolf, and ev’ry beast,
 
And is not ass himself to all the rest!
 
Else man not only is the herd of swine,
 
But he’s those devils too which did incline
 
Them to a headlong rage, and made them worse.”
12
Higher Laws 12 written: D rewritten: E, E
D: “In the student sensuality is … performance of rites merely” does not appear in the manuscript.
E: A second fair copy was made of only “If you would be chaste … performance of rites merely”.

(Ronald Clapper)
All sensuality is one, though it takes many forms; all spirituality spirituality purity purity purity purity is one. It is the same thing whether we same thing whether we same whether a man same whether a man same whether a man eat, or drink, or cohabit, or sleep sensually. They are but one appetite, and we only need to see a person do any one of these things to know how great a sensualist he is, and how he might do any other is , and how he might do any other is. is. is. The impure can neither stand nor sit with purity; the pure cannot eat nor drink nor cohabit with impurity purity ; the pure cannot eat, nor drink nor drink nor cohabit with impurity purity. purity. purity. When the reptile is attacked at one mouth of his burrow, he shows himself at another. It is therefore vain to watch, or to pour water to drown him out at one alone, when he may be far out in the clover field by another another. It is therefore vain to watch, or to pour water to drown him out at one alone, when he may be far out in the clover field by another another. another. another. If you would be chaste, you must be temperate. What is chastity? How shall a man know if he is chaste? He shall not know it. We have heard of this virtue, but we know not what it is. We speak conformably to the rumor which we have heard. From exertion come wisdom and purity; from sloth ignorance and r
Revision note: E1: sensuality. If you seek the warmth even of affection from a similar motive to that from which cats & dogs & slothful persons hug the fire, you are on the downward road. Better the cold affection of the sun, reflected from fields of ice & snow or his warmth in some still
a leaf is missing attain to. We may love and not elevate one another. The love that takes us as it finds us, degrades us. What watch we must keep over the fairest & finest of our affections lest there be some taint about them. May we so love as never to have occasion to repent of our love
sensuality. Go not to a warm latitude in order to live a simple and pure life. It will be harder there than it is here. If you migrate let it be to a colder and more stubborn soil still. Be a highlander, a mountaineer in virtue. Virtue was not born under a palm tree
r
Revision note: E1: sensuality. If you seek the warmth even of affection from a similar motive to that from which cats & dogs & slothful persons hug the fire, you are on the downward road. Better the cold affection of the sun, reflected from fields of ice & snow or his warmth in some still
a leaf is missing attain to. We may love and not elevate one another. The love that takes us as it finds us, degrades us. What watch we must keep over the fairest & finest of our affections lest there be some taint about them. May we so love as never to have occasion to repent of our love
sensuality. Go not to a warm latitude in order to live a simple and pure life. It will be harder there than it is here. If you migrate let it be to a colder and more stubborn soil still. Be a highlander, a mountaineer in virtue. Virtue was not born under a palm tree
sensuality. sensuality. sensuality.
r
Revision note: E1:
In the student sensuality is a sluggish habit of mind.
r
Revision note: E1:
In the student sensuality is a sluggish habit of mind.
In the student sensuality is a sluggish habit of mind. In the student sensuality is a sluggish habit of mind. In the student sensuality is a sluggish habit of mind.
An unclean person is r
Revision note: E1:
universally
r
Revision note: E1:
universally
universally universally universally
a slothful one, one who sits r
Revision note: E1: astride of a stove; who remains in bed after the light-bringer has awakened him
astride of a stove; who remains in bed after the light-bringer has awakened him
r
Revision note: E1: astride of a stove; who remains in bed after the light-bringer has awakened him
astride of a stove; who remains in bed after the light-bringer has awakened him
by a stove, by a stove, by a stove,
whom the sun shines on prostrate, who reposes without being fatigued. If you would avoid r
Revision note: E1: uncleanness, impurity
uncleanness, impurity
r
Revision note: E1: uncleanness, impurity
uncleanness, impurity
uncleanness, uncleanness, uncleanness,
and all the sins, work r
Revision note: E1: earnestly and industriously
earnestly and industriously
r
Revision note: E1: earnestly and industriously
earnestly and industriously
earnestly, earnestly, earnestly,
though it be at cleaning a stable. Nature r
Revision note: E1: And considering the state of the worker, how can his work be other than cleaning a stable? It is the first job he will find to do. Ah! nature
And considering the state of the worker, how can his work be other than cleaning a stable? It This is the first job work he will find to do. Though it is made an important object with some reformers to put their washing out & get it done by the community—but they will find at last that they have got to take it further in—their washing and their purifying Ah! nature
r
Revision note: E1: And considering the state of the worker, how can his work be other than cleaning a stable? It is the first job he will find to do. Ah! nature
And considering the state of the worker, how can his work be other than cleaning a stable? It This is the first job work he will find to do. Though it is made an important object with some reformers to put their washing out & get it done by the community—but they will find at last that they have got to take it further in—their washing and their purifying Ah! nature
Nature Nature Nature
is hard to be overcome, but she must be overcome. What avails it that you are Christian, if you are not r
Revision note: E1: more pure
more pure purer
r
Revision note: E1: more pure
more pure purer
purer purer purer
than the heathen, if you deny yourself no more, if you are not more religious? I know of many systems of religion esteemed heathenish whose precepts fill the reader with shame, and provoke him to new endeavors, though it be to the performance of rites merely.
13
Higher Laws 13 written: D rewritten: E, G
G: A fair copy was made of only “however offensive it may be … calling these things trifles”.

(Ronald Clapper)
I hesitate to say these things, but it is not because of the subject,— but because I cannot speak of them without betraying my impurity but because I cannot speak of them without betraying my impurity. I am not afraid that my words will be obscene—nobody is—I am only afraid that you will think me obscene— because I I care not how obscene my are,—but because I cannot speak of them without betraying my impurity. I care not how obscene my are,—but because I cannot speak of them without betraying my impurity. I care not how obscene my are,—but because I cannot speak of them without betraying my impurity. We discourse freely without shame of one form of sensuality, and are silent about another. We are so degraded that we cannot speak simply of the necessary functions of human nature. In earlier ages, every function was reverently spoken of and regulated by law. In earlier ages, in some countries, every function was reverently spoken of and regulated by law. In earlier ages, in some countries, every function was reverently spoken of and regulated by law. In earlier ages, in some countries, every function was reverently spoken of and regulated by law. In earlier ages, in some countries, every function was reverently spoken of and regulated by law. Nothing is was was was was was too trivial or offensive to modern taste for the Hindoo lawgiver or however offensive to modern taste for the Hindoo lawgiver or however offensive to modern taste for the Hindoo lawgiver however offensive to modern taste for the Hindoo lawgiver however offensive it may be to modern taste for the Hindoo lawgiver, however offensive it may be to modern taste. He teaches how to eat, drink, cohabit, void excrement and urine, sleep, &c., &c. sleep, &c., &c. and the like and the like, and the like, and the like, elevating what is mean, and does not falsely excuse himself by calling these things trifles.
14
Higher Laws 14 written: E rewritten: G
E: “Every man is the builder … by hammering marble instead” is interlined.
E: “We are all sculptors and painters … sensuality to imbrute them” does not appear in the manuscript in E or in the original copying of G but is interlined in pencil in G.

(Ronald Clapper)
Every man is the builder of a temple, called his body, to the god he worships, after a style, neither Egyptian nor Grecian, nor Gothic—but style, neither Egyptian nor Grecian, nor Gothic—but style , neither Egyptian, nor Grecian, nor Gothic, but style purely his own, nor can he get off by hammering marble instead. Who can doubt the influence of the character on the bodily features? We Who can doubt the influence of the character on the bodily features? We Who can doubt the influence of the character on the bodily features? We We are all sculptors and painters, and our material is our own flesh and blood and bones. Any nobleness begins at once to refine a man’s features, any meanness or sensuality to imbrute them.
15
Higher Laws 15 written: D rewritten: E, G
G: A fair copy was made of only “John Farmer set at his door … Those same stars twinkle over other fields”.

(Ronald Clapper)
John Spaulding Spaulding Spaulding Spaulding Farmer sat at his door one evening in September evening in September September evening September evening, September evening, September evening, after a hard day’s work, his mind still running on his work work labor labor labor labor more or less. Having bathed, he sat down to recreate his intellectual man. had sat down to think a quiet thought, and recreate his intellectual part had sat down to think a quiet thought, and recreate his intellectual part man had sat down to think a quiet thought, and recreate his intellectual part man sat down to think a quiet thought, and recreate his intellectual man sat down to recreate his intellectual man It was a rather cool evening, and some of his neighbors were apprehending a frost. but his instinct Genius apprehended something else frost. but his instinct Genius apprehended something else frost. but his instinct Genius apprehended something else frost —but his Genius was apprehending something else frost. He had not attended to the train of his thoughts long when he heard some one playing on a flute, and that sound harmonized with his mood. one of his neighbors playing on his flute and that was a sound which harmonized with his mood one of his neighbors playing on his flute, and that was a sound which harmonized with his mood some one playing on a flute, and that sound guided him back toward a path he had lost in the morning one of his neighbors playing on his flute, and that was a sound which harmonized with his mood some one playing on a flute, and that sound guided him back toward a path he had lost in the morning some one playing on a flute, and that sound guided him back toward a path he had lost harmonized with his mood some one playing on a flute, and that sound harmonized with his mood Still Still Still Still Still he thought of his work at first work; work; work; work; but the burden of his thought was, but the burden of his thought was, but the burden of his thought was, but the burden of his thought was, but the burden of his thought was, that though it it this it this his work this this kept running in his head, and he found himself planning and contriving it against his will, yet how little it concerned him how little it concerned him very little it concerned him very little. it concerned him very little. it concerned him very little. It was no more than the scurf of his skin, which was constantly shuffled off —or rather by this effort he cast his slough from time to time off —or rather by this effort he cast his slough from time to time off —or rather by this effort he cast his slough from time to time off —or rather by this effort he cast his slough from time to time off. But the notes of the flute came home to his ears out of a different sphere from that he worked in, or his neighbors lived in & they or his neighbors lived in, and they or his neighbors lived in, and they or his neighbors lived in, and and suggested work for certain faculties which slumbered in him. They gently did away with the street, and the village, and the state in which he lived. A voice seemed to say seemed to say seemed to say seemed to say said said to him,—Why do you stay here and live this mean dusty mean dusty mean mean mean moiling life, when a worthy and glorious worthy and glorious glorious glorious glorious existence is possible for you? Those same stars twinkle over other fields than this this these. these. these. —But how to come out of this condition condition condition and actually migrate thither? All that he could think of was to practise some new austerity, to let his mind descend into his body and redeem it, and treat himself with ever increasing respect.

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